🇨🇷 San José is the capital and largest city of Costa Rica, and the capital of the province of the same name. It is in the centre of the country, in the mid-west of the Central Valley, within San José Canton. San José is Costa Rica's seat of national government, focal point of political and economic activity, and major transportation hub. Together with several other cantons of the central valley, including Alajuela, Heredia and Cartago, it forms the country's Greater Metropolitan Area. The city is named in honour of Joseph of Nazareth.
Founded in 1736 by order of Cabildo de León, the population of San José rose during the 18th century through the use of colonial planning. It has historically been a city of strategic importance, having been the capital of Costa Rica three times. More than a million people pass through it daily. It is home to the Museo Nacional de Costa Rica, the National Theatre of Costa Rica, and La Sabana Metropolitan Park. Juan Santamaría International Airport serves the city.
San José is notable among Latin American cities for its high quality of life, security, level of globalization, environmental performance, public service, and recognised institutions. According to studies on Latin America, San José is one of the safest and least violent cities in the region. In 2006, the city was appointed Ibero-American Capital of Culture. According to The MasterCard Global Destinations Cities Index 2012, San José is the sixth-most visited destination in Latin America, ranking first in Central America. San José ranked 15th in the world's fastest-growing destination cities by visitor cross-border spending.
San José is rated Beta − by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) which evaluates and ranks the relationships between world cities in the context of globalisation. Beta level cities are cities that link moderate economic regions to the world economy.
San José is ranked #162 and rated D+ by the Global Urban Competitiveness Report (GUCR) which evaluates and ranks world cities in the context of economic competitiveness. D+ cities are strong regional hub cities. San José was ranked #584 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. San José has a population of over 342,200 people. San José also forms part of the Greater San José metropolitan area which has a population of over 2,200,000 people. San José is ranked #333 for startups with a score of 0.738.
Twin Towns – Sister Cities San José is twinned with: 🇬🇷 Athens, Greece; 🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, Argentina; 🇻🇪 Caracas, Venezuela; 🇹🇼 Taipei, Taiwan; 🇨🇱 Santiago, Chile; 🇧🇷 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 🇪🇸 Madrid, Spain; 🇵🇪 Chimbote, Peru; 🇵🇪 Huancayo, Peru; 🇵🇪 Juliaca, Peru; 🇵🇪 Lima, Perú 🇺🇸 Miami, United States; 🇺🇸 McAllen, United States; 🇺🇸 San José, United States; 🇮🇱 Kfar Saba, Israel; 🇯🇵 Okayama, Japan; 🇲🇽 Guadalajara, Mexico; 🇲🇽 Mexico City, Mexico; 🇲🇽 Ecatepec, Mexico; 🇳🇮 Managua, Nicaragua; 🇨🇳 Beijing, China; 🇸🇻 Ahuachapan, El Salvador; 🇬🇹 Guatemala City, Guatemala; 🇬🇹 Quetzaltenango, Guatemala; 🇧🇷 Goiânia, Brazil; 🇻🇪 Maracay, Venezuela; 🇺🇾 Montevideo, Uruguay; 🇭🇳 San Pedro Sula, Honduras; 🇮🇩 Jayapura, Indonesia; 🇮🇹 Bari, Italy.