Saint-Étienne, Loire Département, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

History | Culture | Sport | Transport | Education : Universities

🇫🇷 Saint-Étienne is a city in eastern central France, in the Massif Central, 60 km (37 mi) south-west of Lyon in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, on the trunk road that connects Toulouse with Lyon. Saint-Étienne is the prefecture of the Loire department.

Saint-Étienne is the thirteenth most populated commune in France and the second most populated commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes. Its metropolis (métropole), Saint-Étienne Métropole, is the third most populous regional metropolis after Grenoble-Alpes and Lyon. The commune is also at the heart of a vast metropolitan area with 497,034 inhabitants (2018), the eighteenth largest in France by population, comprising 105 communes. Its inhabitants are known as Stéphanois (masculine) and Stéphanoises (feminine).

Long known as the French city of the "weapon, cycle and ribbon" and a major coal mining centre, Saint-Étienne is currently engaged in a vast urban renewal program aimed at leading the transition from the industrial city inherited from the 19th century to the "design capital" of the 21st century. This approach was recognised with the entry of Saint-Étienne into the UNESCO Creative Cities network in 2010. The city is currently undergoing renewal, with the installation of the Châteaucreux business district, the steel shopping centre and the manufacturing creative district.

The city is known for its football club AS Saint-Étienne which has won the Ligue 1 title a record ten times.

History Named after Saint Stephen, the city first appears in the historical record in the Middle Ages as Saint-Étienne de Furan (after the River Furan, a tributary of the Loire). In the 13th century, it was a small borough around the church dedicated to Saint Stephen. On the upper reaches of the Furan, near the Way of St. James, the Abbey of Valbenoîte had been founded by the Cistercians in 1222. In the late 15th century, it was a fortified village defended by walls built around the original nucleus.

From the 16th century, Saint-Étienne developed an arms manufacturing industry and became a market town. It was this which accounted for the town's importance, although it also became a centre for the manufacture of ribbons and passementerie starting in the 17th century.

Later, it became a mining centre of the Loire coal mining basin, and more recently, has become known for its bicycle industry.

In the first half of the 19th century, it was only a chief town of an arrondissement in the département of the Loire, with a population of 33,064 in 1832. The concentration of industry prompted these numbers to rise rapidly to 110,000 by about 1880. It was this growing importance of Saint-Étienne that led to its being made seat of the prefecture and the departmental administration on 25 July 1855, when it became the chief town in the département and seat of the prefect, replacing Montbrison, which was reduced to the status of chief town of an arrondissement. Saint-Étienne absorbed the commune of Valbenoîte and several other neighbouring localities on 31 March 1855.

Culture Saint-Étienne became a popular stop for automobile travelers in the early 20th century.

In 1998, Saint-Étienne set up a design biennale, the largest of its kind in France. It lasts around two weeks. A landmark in the history of the importance ascribed to design in Saint-Étienne was the inauguration of La Cité du design on the site of the former arms factory in 2009.

The city also launched the Massenet Festivals, (the composer Jules Massenet hailed from the area) devoted mainly to perform Massenet's operas. In 2000, the city was named one of the French Towns and Lands of Art and History. On 22 November 2010, it was nominated as "City of Design" as part of UNESCO's Creative Cities Network.

Saint-Étienne has four museums: 1 the Musée d'Art Moderne has one of the largest collections of modern and contemporary art in France

2 Musée de la Mine

3 Musée d'Art et d'Industrie (fr)

4 Musée du vieux Saint-Étienne (fr).

Sport The city's football club AS Saint-Étienne has won the Ligue 1 title a record ten times, achieving most of their success in the 1970s. The British indie-dance band Saint Etienne named themselves after the club.

Saint-Étienne has many sports stadiums, the largest being Stade Geoffroy-Guichard used for football and Stade Henri-Lux for athletics. St. Étienne was the capital of the French bicycle industry. The bicycle wheel manufacturer Mavic is based in the city and frame manufacturers Motobécane and Vitus are also based here. The city often hosts a stage of the Tour de France.

Saint-Étienne resident Thierry Gueorgiou is a world champion in orienteering. The local rugby union team is CA Saint-Étienne Loire Sud Rugby.

Transport The nearest airport is Saint-Étienne–Bouthéon Airport which is located in Andrézieux-Bouthéon, 12 km (7.46 mi) north-northwest of Saint-Étienne. The main railway station is Saint-Étienne-Châteaucreux station, which offers high-speed services to Paris and Lyon (Saint-Étienne–Lyon railway), as well as connects to several regional lines. There are four other railway stations in Saint-Étienne (Bellevue, Carnot, La Terrasse and Le Clapier) with local services.

Saint-Étienne is also notable for its tramway (Saint-Étienne tramway) – which uniquely with Lille, it kept throughout the 20th century – and its trolleybus system (Saint-Étienne trolleybus system) – which is one of only three such systems currently operating in France.

Bus and tram transport is regulated and provided by the Société de Transports de l'Agglomération Stéphanoise (STAS), a public transport executive organisation.

The bicycle sharing system Vélivert with 280 short term renting bicycles has been available since June 2010.

Education: Universities • Jean Monnet University • École d'Économie - Saint-Étienne School of Economics (SE²) • École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Étienne (EMSE or ENSMSE) • École nationale d'ingénieurs de Saint-Étienne (ENISE) • Telecom Saint Etienne (TSE) • EMLYON Business School • ENSASE (Ecole National Supérieure d'Architecture de Saint-Étienne).

Saint-Étienne, Loire Département, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France 

Saint-Étienne has a population of over 176,280 people. Saint-Étienne also forms the centre of the wider Saint-Etienne Arrondissement which has a population of over 423,286 people. It is also a part of the larger Loire Département. Saint-Étienne is the #231 hipster city in the world, with a hipster score of 3.2396 according to the Hipster Index which evaluates and ranks the major cities of the world according to the number of vegan eateries, coffee shops, tattoo studios, vintage boutiques, and record stores.

To set up a UBI Lab for Saint-Étienne see: Twitter:

Saint-Étienne is a member of the UNESCO Creative Cities Network for Design see:

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Saint-Étienne has links with:

🇩🇿 Annaba, Algeria 🇹🇳 Ben Arous, Tunisia 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 Coventry, England 🇺🇸 Des Moines, USA 🇮🇹 Ferrara, Italy 🇩🇪 Geltendorf, Germany 🇨🇦 Granby, Canada 🇵🇱 Katowice, Poland 🇺🇦 Luhansk, Ukraine 🇹🇳 Monastir, Tunisia 🇮🇱 Nof HaGalil, Israel 🇵🇹 Oeiras, Portugal 🇬🇷 Patras, Greece 🇲🇬 Toamasina, Madagascar 🇵🇱 Warsaw, Poland 🇨🇦 Windsor, Canada 🇩🇪 Wuppertal, Germany 🇨🇳 Xuzhou, China
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license | Hipster Index

Antipodal to Saint-Étienne is: -175.61,-45.435

Locations Near: Saint-Étienne 4.3903,45.4347

🇫🇷 Saint Étienne 4.396,45.44 d: 0.7  

🇫🇷 Annonay 4.662,45.241 d: 30.2  

🇫🇷 Montbrison 4.065,45.609 d: 31.9  

🇫🇷 Vienne 4.878,45.524 d: 39.3  

🇫🇷 Lyon 4.835,45.767 d: 50.7  

🇫🇷 Vénissieux 4.887,45.698 d: 48.5  

🇫🇷 Tournon-sur-Rhône 4.833,45.066 d: 53.6  

🇫🇷 Villeurbanne 4.88,45.767 d: 53.1  

🇫🇷 Vaulx-en-Velin 4.919,45.778 d: 56.1  

🇫🇷 Le Puy-en-Velay 3.884,45.051 d: 58.3  

Antipodal to: Saint-Étienne -175.61,-45.435

🇹🇴 Nuku'alofa -175.216,-21.136 d: 17313  

🇦🇸 Pago Pago -170.701,-14.279 d: 16520.2  

🇼🇸 Apia -171.76,-13.833 d: 16482.5  

🇵🇫 Papeete -149.566,-17.537 d: 16086.7  

🇺🇸 Hilo -155.089,19.725 d: 12478.3  

🇺🇸 Maui -156.446,20.72 d: 12407.8  

🇺🇸 Maui County -156.617,20.868 d: 12396.3  

🇺🇸 Wailuku -156.505,20.894 d: 12390.6  

🇺🇸 Kahului -156.466,20.891 d: 12389.8  

🇺🇸 Honolulu -157.85,21.3 d: 12380  

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