Ruse, Bulgaria

Economic activity | Economic profile | Transportation | Education

🇧🇬 Ruse is the fifth largest city in Bulgaria. Ruse is in the north-eastern part of the country, on the right bank of the Danube, opposite the Romanian city of 🇷🇴 Giurgiu, approximately 75 km south of 🇷🇴 Bucharest, Romania's capital, 200 km from the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast and 300 km from the capital Sofia. It is the most significant Bulgarian river port, serving an important part of the international trade of the country.

Ruse is known for its 19th- and 20th-century Neo-Baroque and Neo-Rococo architecture, which attracts many tourists. It is often called the Little Vienna. The Ruse-Giurgiu Friendship Bridge, until 14 June 2013 the only one in the shared Bulgarian-Romanian section of the Danube, crosses the river here.

Ruse is the birthplace of the Nobel laureate in Literature Elias Canetti and the writer Michael Arlen.

Ruse is on the right bank of the river Danube, which is the high bank, having two underwater terraces and three river terraces at 15 to 22 m (49.21–72.18 ft), 30 to 66 m (98.43–216.54 ft), and 54 to 65 m (177.17–213.25 ft). The average altitude is 45.5 m (149.28 ft) AMSL. The urban area is an approximately 11-km ellipse running along the river. The city extends from the land-connected Matey (Матей) island and the mouth of Rusenski Lom on the west to Srabcheto (Сръбчето) hill on the east. During the 20th century, the west end of the city was significantly modified by moving the mouth of Rusenski Lom to the west, as well as by moving the bank itself with its fairway considerably to the north. Sarabair (саръбаир, from Turkish Sarıbayır meaning "Yellow Slope") hill is to the south of the city and is 159 m (521.65 ft) high. The Rousse TV Tower is built there on the remains of Leventtabia, a former Turkish fortification.

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Economic activity The average number of employees under labour contract in 2016 is 68 603 people, while the average annual salary – 4 683 euro, 60% higher compared to the 2007's statistics. The employment rate for people from the age of 15 to 64 is 57.7%, whereas the unemployment is 12.5%.

The relative share of the population aged between 25 and 64 years with higher education is 23.6%, 3% higher than in 2007. The relative share of the population aged between 25 and 64 years with secondary education is 57.5%, 3.2% higher than in 2007. 147,300 is the number of nights spent by tourists in 2013. The total number of enterprises is 10,830.

Foreign direct investment in non-financial enterprises for 2013 is 197 million euro. The total economic output, manufactured in the city is assessed at about 1.84 billion euro, while the revenue increases with 916 000 euro compared to 2007 – to 3.1 million euro for 2013.

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Economic profile Ruse is a large industrial centre. It has a duty-free zone and 2 industrial zones: East and West. Ruse Iztok Power Plant has an energy producing capacity of 400 MW and the Ruse West Power Plant has 41 MW. There are a logistics park and a business park in the city. The city's economy is dominated by light industry — tailoring, textiles and food processing. Big manufactures are Fazan (the first factory for socks in Bulgaria), Fenix 94 (socks), Ariston S (women's fashion), Bordo (women's fashion), Danini (lady's fashion), Top Man (men's fashion), Karina (lady's fashion) and Sirma Prista (dairy products). The petroleum industry and the chemical industry are represented by companies, producing paints and motor oils – Orgachim, Prista Oil, Lubrica, Megachim, EKON 91, Ninachim and Polysan. The machinery industry and ships construction are well developed. Also, one of the world's leading companies in yacht design Vripack has an architecture and engineering studio in Ruse.

There are 65 hotels and 1,769 beds in Ruse. The income from accommodations for the fourth quarter of 2011 г. is 1,661,294 lv.

There are many hypermarkets such as Metro Cash & Carry, Kaufland, Mr. Bricolage, Praktiker, and some supermarket chains such as Billa, Lidl, and Carrefour. The market hall Gradski Hali, located in the city centre, is now operated by CBA, a Hungarian supermarket chain.

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Transportation Ruse is a major road and railway hub in Northern Bulgaria. Railway transportation in the city dates back to 1867 when it became a station of the first railway line in Bulgaria Ruse – Varna. There are railways to Southern Bulgaria, Sofia, Varna and Bucharest. Ruse has two railway stations for passenger services (Ruse Central and Ruse Razpredelitelna) and two for freight transport services. There are intercity buses that link Ruse with cities and towns all over the country, as well as in other European nations. They are based in two bus stations: South and East.

Ruse has an extensive public transport system with around 30 bus and trolleybus lines, including the Ruse trolleybus system. Since the sale of all shares of the private Israeli transport holding Egged Ruse to the local municipality in 2017, trolleybus lines have been operated by the city's own public transport entity. Urban and suburban bus lines remain under concession to various private Bulgarian transport companies. A 14 kilometer bicycle network along the main boulevards of the city has been developed and is currently in the process of expansion.

Approximately 17 km (11 miles) south-east of Ruse is the village of Shtraklevo, near which is the former military and passenger Ruse Airport. It is owned by the municipality of Ruse, with an active license for small passenger and cargo flights (license issued on 21.12.2016). The runway is long enough for Boeing 747s (Jumbo Jets). The Henri Coandă International Airport in Otopeni, Romania is 70 km (43 miles) north of Ruse.

The Danube bridge is located east of Ruse. It was the only road and rail bridge between Bulgaria and Romania until the opening of a second bridge crossing to Romania on 14 June 2013 at Vidin.

Ruse is the biggest Bulgarian port towns on the bank of the Danube River. After the opening of the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal which covers 3,500 km (2,175 mi) and connects 13 European countries with Asia via the Black Sea, the river becomes the longest inland waterway on the planet. This key position has determined the 19th century-long co-existence of different cultures and religions in Ruse.

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Education There is one university in Ruse – "Angel Kanchev" University of Ruse with a capacity of 15 000 students. The university's structure includes a subsidiaries in Silistra, Vidin and Razgrad. There is also a subsidiary of the College of Agriculture – Plovdiv in the city.

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Sofia Time 
Sofia Time
Image: Adobe Stock dudlajzov #414700052

Ruse has a population of over 149,642 people. Ruse also forms the centre of the wider Ruse Province which has a population of over 235,252 people.

To set up a UBI Lab for Ruse see: https://www.ubilabnetwork.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/UBILabNetwork

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Ruse has links with:

🇧🇦 Bijeljina, Bosnia and Herzegovina 🇸🇰 Bratislava, Slovak Republic 🇷🇴 Giurgiu, Romania 🇨🇳 Huainan, China 🇬🇷 Peristéri, Greece 🇫🇷 Saint-Ouen-sur-Seine, France 🇺🇦 Simferopol, Ukraine 🇭🇷 Trogir, Croatia 🇭🇺 Újbuda, Hungary 🇷🇺 Volgograd, Russia
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

Antipodal to Ruse is: -154.05,-43.817

Locations Near: Ruse 25.95,43.8167

🇧🇬 Rousse 25.95,43.817 d: 0  

🇷🇴 Giurgiu 25.967,43.9 d: 9.4  

🇷🇴 Bucureşti 26.1,44.417 d: 67.8  

🇷🇴 Bucharest 26.1,44.417 d: 67.8  

🇧🇬 Razgrad 26.517,43.533 d: 55.4  

🇷🇴 Sector 3 (Bucharest) 26.1,44.433 d: 69.6  

🇷🇴 Sector 2 26.1,44.433 d: 69.6  

🇧🇬 Svishtov 25.346,43.617 d: 53.4  

🇷🇴 Sector 1 26.103,44.435 d: 69.9  

🇷🇴 Alexandria 25.333,43.983 d: 52.8  

Antipodal to: Ruse -154.05,-43.817

🇵🇫 Papeete -149.566,-17.537 d: 17062.8  

🇹🇴 Nuku'alofa -175.216,-21.136 d: 16825.4  

🇦🇸 Pago Pago -170.701,-14.279 d: 16369.6  

🇼🇸 Apia -171.76,-13.833 d: 16279.4  

🇺🇸 Hilo -155.089,19.725 d: 12948.7  

🇺🇸 Maui -156.446,20.72 d: 12834.8  

🇺🇸 Maui County -156.617,20.868 d: 12817.7  

🇺🇸 Kahului -156.466,20.891 d: 12815.7  

🇺🇸 Wailuku -156.505,20.894 d: 12815.2  

🇺🇸 Honolulu -157.85,21.3 d: 12764.1  

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