Rotterdam is the second largest city and municipality in the Netherlands. It is in the province of South Holland, at the mouth of the Nieuwe Maas channel leading into the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt delta at the North Sea. Its history goes back to 1270, when a dam was constructed in the Rotte. In 1340, Rotterdam was granted city rights by the Count of Holland. Rotterdam is part of the Rotterdam–The Hague metropolitan area.
Rotterdam is rated Gamma + by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) which evaluates and ranks the relationships between world cities in the context of globalisation. Gamma level cities are cities that link smaller economic regions into the world economy.
Rotterdam has a population of over 1,846,933 people. Rotterdam also forms part of the wider Rotterdam-The Hague metropolitan area which has a population of over 3,250,000 people. Rotterdam is the #197 hipster city in the world, with a hipster score of 3.4947 according to the Hipster Index which evaluates and ranks the major cities of the world according to the number of vegan eateries, coffee shops, tattoo studios, vintage boutiques, and record stores per 100,000 city residents.
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