Riyadh, Saudi Arabia


๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Riyadh is the capital city and seat of government of the Riyadh Province and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the largest city on the Arabian Peninsula and the capital governorate of the Riyadh Province. The city receives more than 16 million tourists in an average year, making it the 2nd most visited city in the Arab world.

The first mentioning of the city by the name Riyadh was in 1590, by an early Arab chronicler. In 1737, Deham Ibn Dawwas, who was from the neighboring Manfuha, settled in and took control of the city. Deham built a wall around the city, and the best-known source of the name Riyadh is from this period, thought to be referring to the earlier oasis towns that predated the wall built by Ibn Dawwas. In 1744, Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab formed an alliance with the Emir of Dir'iyah, Muhammad bin Saud, and in 1774, they took Riyadh from Deham. However their state, now known as the First Saudi State, came to a collapse in 1818. Turki ibn Abdullah founded the Second Saudi State in the early 19th century and made Riyadh his capital in 1825. However, his reign over the city was disrupted by a joint Ottomanโ€“Rashidi alliance. Finally, in the early 20th century, 'Abdulaziz ibn Saud, known in the west simply as Ibn Saud, retrieved his ancestral kingdom of Najd in 1902 and consolidated his rule by 1926 with the final Saudi conquest of Hejaz. After this he named his kingdom Saudi Arabia in September 1932 with Riyadh as the capital.

Riyadh is the political and administrative centre of Saudi Arabia. The Consultative Assembly (also known as the Shura or Shura Council), the Council of Ministers of Saudi Arabia, the King and the Supreme Judicial Council of Saudi Arabia are all situated in the city. Alongside these four bodies that form the core of the legal system of Saudi Arabia, the headquarters of other major and minor governmental bodies are also located in Riyadh. The city hosts 112 foreign embassies, most of which are located in the as-Safarat district or Diplomatic Quarter (Arabic: ุญูŠ ุงู„ุณูุงุฑุงุช, romanized:ย Hayy as-Safarat, lit.โ€‰'District of Embassies') in the western reaches of the city.

Riyadh also holds great economic significance, as it hosts the headquarters of many banks and major companies, such as the National Commercial Bank (NCB), Alinma Bank and the Saudi Arabian British Bank (SABB). Highway 65, known locally as the King Fahd Road, runs through some of these important centres in the city, including the King Abdullah Financial District, one of the world's largest financial districts, the Faisaliyah Center and the Kingdom Center. Riyadh is one of the world's fastest-growing cities in population and is home to many expatriates. Riyadh has been designated a global city.

The city is divided into 15 municipal districts, which are overseen by the Municipality of Riyadh (Arabic: ุฃู…ุงู†ุฉ ุงู„ุฑูŠุงุถ, romanized:ย Amanat 'ar-Riyฤแธ, lit.โ€‰'Protectorate of Riyadh') headed by the mayor; and the Royal Commission for Riyadh which is chaired by the Governor of the Province, Faisal bin Bandar Al Saud. As of July 2020, the mayor is Faisal bin Abdulaziz bin Mohammed bin Ayyaf Al-Muqrin.

Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 
<b>Riyadh, Saudi Arabia</b>
Image: Adobe Stock swisshippo #119264988

Riyadh is rated Alpha โˆ’ by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) which evaluates and ranks the relationships between world cities in the context of globalisation. Alpha level cities are linked to major economic states and regions and into the world economy.

Riyadh is the #101 city in the world according to the Global Financial Centres Index (GFCI) which evaluates and ranks the competitiveness of the major financial centres of the world according to a wide range of criteria โ€“ Human Capital, Business, Finance, Infrastructure and Reputation.

Riyadh is ranked #89 and rated C by the Global Urban Competitiveness Report (GUCR) which evaluates and ranks world cities in the context of economic competitiveness. C cities are international gateway cities. Riyadh was ranked #949 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Riyadh has a population of over 5,676,621 people. Riyadh also forms the centre of the wider Riyadh metropolitan area which has a population of over 7,676,654 people. Riyadh is ranked #192 for startups with a score of 2.415.

To set up a UBI Lab for Riyadh see: https://www.ubilabnetwork.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/UBILabNetwork

Twin Towns - Sister Cities Riyadh has links with:

๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ Hermosillo, Mexico ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท Paris, France
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license | GFCI | GaWC | GUCR | Nomad | StartupBlink

  • Derek John Walker |

    ๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ Architect/Town Planner Derek John Walker is associated with Riyadh. He was a lifelong sports fanatic with a passion for cricket, and was a supporter of Leeds United FC.

Antipodal to Riyadh is: -133.313,-24.682

Locations Near: Riyadh 46.6872,24.6822

๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Al-Ahsa 49.583,25.383 d: 302  

๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Al Hufuf 49.583,25.383 d: 302  

๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Hofuf 49.583,25.383 d: 302  

๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Buraidah 43.967,26.333 d: 329  

๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Abqaiq 49.65,25.933 d: 328.7  

๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Jubail 49.65,27 d: 392.8  

๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Al Qatif 49.996,26.556 d: 391.7  

๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Qatif 49.996,26.556 d: 391.7  

๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Al-Qatif 49.996,26.556 d: 391.7  

๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Dhahran 50.15,26.267 d: 389.7  

Antipodal to: Riyadh -133.313,-24.682

๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ซ Papeete -149.566,-17.537 d: 18153.4  

๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ธ Pago Pago -170.701,-14.279 d: 15943.5  

๐Ÿ‡ผ๐Ÿ‡ธ Apia -171.76,-13.833 d: 15818.9  

๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ด Nuku'alofa -175.216,-21.136 d: 15721.3  

๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Hilo -155.089,19.725 d: 14543.7  

๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Maui -156.446,20.72 d: 14380.9  

๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Kahului -156.466,20.891 d: 14363  

๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Wailuku -156.505,20.894 d: 14360.9  

๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Maui County -156.617,20.868 d: 14358.1  

๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Honolulu -157.85,21.3 d: 14255.4  

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