Rio Branco, Acre, Northern Region, Brazil

History | Geography : Vegetation | Economy | Media : Television : Radio | Transport | Attractions | Education | Sport

🇧🇷 Rio Branco is a Brazilian municipality, capital of the state of Acre. Located in the valley of the Acre River in northern Brazil, it is the most populous municipality in the state. Rio Branco was one of the first settlements to develop in the region, and is the 4th oldest state capital city in Northern Brazil.

In 1913, it became a county. In 1920, it became the capital of the territory of Acre, and in 1962, the state capital. It is the administrative centre for the economic, political and cultural region.


History The capital of the state of Acre developed from the rubber plantation founded on December 28, 1882, by migrant settlers from the Northeastern Region of Brazil. Then called Seringal Volta da Empresa, it was located on the right bank of the Acre river. The Gameleira tree marks this site. This is now classified as the Second District of the city.

Almost 150 years ago, the construction of workers' shacks had begun, in lands previously occupied by the Aquiri, Canamari, and Maneteri Amazonian indigenous tribes. Years later, the same Gameleira tree survived the battles fought at Volta da Empresa, between Acre revolutionaries and Bolivian troops, during the critical period of the Acre War. As a result, Brazil acquired Acre at the beginning of the 20th century.

By August 1904, Villa Rio Branco had become the main urban centre of the entire Acre valley, and was the richest and most productive in the region. During this period of the rubber boom, the streets around the Gameleira were the centre of commercial and urban life in this part of the Amazon. Bars, cafes, and casinos supplied the city's nightlife; commercial representatives came here of the chief national and foreign Aviation houses that handled thousands of Contos de Réis. There were many wealthy families in the city.

The urban elite was largely composed of liberal professionals and civil servants. The political administration of the Territory was transferred to the left bank of the Acre River, because its lands were higher and not as subject to flooding as the old city centre. The early commercial zone gradually became dominated by Syrian and Lebanese immigrants. By the mid-1930s, one area was known as "Bairro Beirut" (Beirut neighborhood).

By the 1950s, this older section had become run down and known as the Second District. As a large part of its main commercial houses had transferred to the city's First District, on the left bank of the river, following the construction there of the main public offices and residences of the most important families. Today, Rio Branco is seeking to find ways to reinvent itself, through relations with neighboring countries, developing heritage and eco-tourism, building on the local fish farming industry, and so on.


Geography Rio Branco is located at an altitude of 143 metres (469 ft) above sea level. The city has developed on both sides of the Acre River, with areas known as the First (left bank) and Second Districts. The river is crossed by six bridges, the newest bridge being the Joaquim Macedo Catwalk.

Rio Branco is located in the mesoregion of Vale do Jurua and the microregion of Rio Branco. It is bordered on the north by the municipalities of Bujari and Porto Acre; to the south by the municipalities of Xapuri, Capixaba, and Plácido de Castro; to the east by the municipality of Senador Guiomard; and to the west by the municipality of Sena Madureira.


Geography: Vegetation The Amazon rainforest represents over half of the planet's remaining rainforests and comprises the largest and most species-rich tract of tropical rainforest in the world. Wet tropical forests are the most species-rich biome, and tropical forests in the Americas are consistently more species rich than the wet forests in Africa and Asia. As the largest tract of tropical rain forest in the world, the Amazonian rainforests have unparalleled biodiversity. More than one-third of all species in the world live in the Amazon rainforest.

The municipality contains part of the 931,537 hectares (2,301,880 acres) Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, a sustainable use environmental unit created in 1990.


Economy Historically, the economy of Rio Branco has been based on the extraction of rubber and brazil nuts. Currently, wood is the main product of export in the state. It is also a major producer of açaí fruit, copaiba oil and meat. Rio Branco is currently undergoing a transformation in its economy; transformation that includes an expansion to Agribusiness, Aquaculture and Ecotourism. Brazil's largest oil and gas company Petrobras, says the region has potential for future extraction of petroleum.


Media: Television 2 – TV Village (Culture / TV Brazil); 4 – TV Acre (Globo TV); 5 – TV 5 (Band); 8 – TV Rio Branco (SBT); 11 – TV Gazeta (Record); 13 – TV Union AC network (Union); 19 – Brazil Network; 21 – Amazon Sat; 27 – Life Network; 40 – TV 40 (Record News); 50 – Good News; 54 – 58 RIT – TV Nazareth; Digital UHF 14 – Acre HD TV.


Media: Radio Progress AM: 740 kHz; AM Leader: 800 kHz; University AM: 1350 kHz; Broadcast Acre: 1400 kHz; Ecoacre FM: 90.9 MHz; Gazeta FM: 93.3 MHz; Union FM: 94.7 MHz; Village FM: 96.9 MHz; Acre: MHz FM 98.1MHz; Good News FM: 107.9 MHz; Latin FM: 101.1 MHz; FM 104.9 MHz Gameleira.

The city has six newspapers; two are published daily and four weekly. O Tabloide, A Gazeta, Página 20, A Tribuna, and O Estado are weekly newspapers. Cellular carriers who maintain coverage in the region are Vivo S.A., TIM, Oi, and Claro. The main companies offering fixed telephone coverage in the city are Embratel, Oi, and GVT.


Transport The public transport system has improved in recent years, mainly due to the construction of the Terminal Urbano (Urban Bus Terminal) near the centre of town. However, the buses are still delayed. Taxis, including motorcycle taxis, are widely used by the population.

Rio Branco-Plácido de Castro International Airport is 18 km (11 mi) away on the BR-364 highway in the rural area. This new airport was officially opened on November 22, 1999, when the older facility, Presidente Médici International Airport, was closed. The BR-364 was dualled to facilitate access to the airport, which serves domestic and international aviation and military operations, with scheduled airlines and air taxis. The terminal is ready to receive 320,000 passengers per year and performs about 14 operations a day. By August 2010 it was the seventh-busiest airport in Northern Brazil, and the 38th busiest airport in the country.

The BR-364 and the BR-317 (Interoceanic Highway) are the main highways in Acre, and the Via Verde Ring Road is the one that connects them. To the east, the BR-364 connects Rio Branco to Southeastern Brazil. The highway cuts west across the state, linking Rio Branco to Cruzeiro do Sul, the second major city of the state, through the municipalities of Sena Madureira, Manoel Urbano, Feijó, Tarauacá, and Rodrigues Alves. The BR-317 has a length of 330 km (210 mi), and links the capital to the south of the state, through the municipalities of Senador Guiomard, Capixaba, and Epitaciolândia, on the border with Republic of Bolivia. From Brasiléia the road continues for another 110 km (68 mi) to reach the city of Assis Brasil on the border with Peru. The highway continues on the Peruvian side as part of the Interoceanic Highway and as Highway 30C and Highway 26 to the city of Cuzco.


Attractions The Rio Branco Palace was built in 1930 for the seat of the state government. The building was restored beginning in 1999 to preserve its historical character. In 2008 it was transformed into a museum of history.

Gameleira is a historical site located in the curve of the Acre River, where city was first founded. Today, more than a century later, the strangler fig located there is a vigorous tree, measuring 2.5 metres (8.2 ft) in diameter at the trunk and 20 metres (66 ft) in height.

Opened in 1958, the Cathedral of Our Lady of Nazareth was constructed in the style of an ancient Roman basilica. Its interior has three naves separated by 36 stained-glass windows, donated by families of Acre. The exterior is composed of gables, the cross, and the churchyard. In 2007 the church was considered public property of the state of Acre.

Also known as the Square of the Revolution, Square Plácido de Castro is located in the heart of the city, opposite the headquarters of the Military Police of Acre. Recently, the square underwent renovation. The Autonomists Memorial has a museum, exhibitions of paintings by regional artists, a coffee shop, and a drama theatre. The museum possesses a large collection of historic photos of the state, as well as historical objects used during the Revolution. The Museum of Rubber includes sections on archeology and paleontology, and a historical collection of manuscripts and documents relating to the history of Acre.

The Catwalk Joaquim Macedo is a pedestrian bridge linking the two districts of the city. Passing over the Acre River, the catwalk is a cable suspension bridge completed in 2006. The nearby Old Market, built in the 1920s, was recently refurbished. Maternity Park was opened on September 28, 2002. It has sports facilities, kiosks, restaurants, biking trails, and skate parks.

Rio Branco has two shopping malls: the Mira Shopping and the Via Verde Shopping, which was completed in 2011.

The sepulcher of Raimundo Irineu Serra, founder of the religion known internationally as Santo Daime, is located in the Alto Santo neighborhood and has become a place of international pilgrimage.


Education Higher education institutions include the Federal University of Acre (UFAC), the Northern Educational Union, the College of the Western Amazonia, and the Community College of Acre, among others. These absorb the bulk of registrations, especially the Federal University of Acre, as the only public college in the state.

In 2008, the illiteracy rate in the state was 13 per cent, with 36.2 per cent of the population functionally illiterate.


Sport Rio Branco provides visitors and residents with various sport activities. The three main football teams in Acre are based in Rio Branco: Rio Branco FC, Juventus and Atlético Acreano. Stadiums in the city are the Arena da Floresta stadium; José de Melo stadium; Federação Acreana de Futebol stadium; Dom Giocondo Maria Grotti stadium; and Adauto de Brito stadium. Rio Branco was one of 18 candidates shortlisted to host games of the 2014 FIFA World Cup, for which Brazil was the only South American bidder. The city's bid was rejected.

Rio Branco, Acre, Brazil 

Rio Branco has a population of over 413,418 people. Rio Branco also forms the centre of the wider Acre state which has a population of over 881,935 people.

To set up a UBI Lab for Rio Branco see: Twitter:

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Rio Branco has links with:

🇮🇹 Reggio Emilia, Italy 🇨🇳 Zhuhai, China
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

Antipodal to Rio Branco is: 112.2,9.967

Locations Near: Rio Branco -67.8,-9.96667

🇧🇷 Brasiléia -68.733,-11 d: 153.7  

🇧🇷 Eirunepé -69.869,-6.664 d: 432  

🇧🇷 Porto Velho -63.86,-8.766 d: 452.4  

🇧🇷 Ariquemes -63.033,-9.908 d: 522.2  

🇧🇷 Humaitá -63.017,-7.5 d: 592.9  

🇧🇷 Cruzeiro do Sul -72.667,-7.617 d: 595.2  

🇵🇪 Cusco -71.967,-13.517 d: 601.3  

🇵🇪 Urubamba -72.199,-13.28 d: 604.4  

🇧🇷 Ji Parana -61.95,-10.883 d: 647.8  

🇧🇷 Ji-Paraná -61.941,-10.881 d: 648.8  

Antipodal to: Rio Branco 112.2,9.967

🇻🇳 Phan Rang–Tháp Chàm 108.995,11.563 d: 19622.6  

🇻🇳 Nha Trang 109.197,12.247 d: 19600.8  

🇻🇳 Phan Thiết 108.108,10.924 d: 19555.1  

🇻🇳 Đà Lạt 108.446,11.947 d: 19549.9  

🇻🇳 Da Lat 108.446,11.947 d: 19549.9  

🇻🇳 Tuy Hòa 109.316,13.096 d: 19546.3  

🇻🇳 Bảo Lộc 107.785,11.534 d: 19502.3  

🇻🇳 Quy Nhơn 109.247,13.77 d: 19484  

🇻🇳 Qui Nhon 109.233,13.767 d: 19483.4  

🇻🇳 Gia Nghĩa 107.69,12.006 d: 19473.1  

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