Porto Velho, Rondônia, Northern Region, Brazil

History

🇧🇷 Porto Velho (Old Port) is the capital of the Brazilian state of Rondônia, in the upper Amazon River basin, and a Catholic Metropolitan Archbishopric. Located on the border of Rondônia and the state of Amazonas, the town is an important trading centre for cassiterite, the mining of which represents the most important economic activity in the region, as well as a transportation and communication center. It is on the eastern shore of the Madeira River, one of the main tributaries of the Amazon River. It is also Rondônia's largest city, and the largest state capital of Brazil by area.

The municipality occupies most of the border between Amazonas and Rondônia, and is both the westernmost and northernmost city in the state.

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History Officially founded on October 2, 1914, Porto Velho was founded by pioneers around 1907, during the construction of the Madeira-Mamoré railroad. After the railroad was completed, the local population was about one thousand inhabitants; its buildings were chiefly the railway's installations and the wooden houses of the Caribbean (mainly Barbadian) workers - hence the name of the town's largest district by then, "Bajan Hill" or "Barbados Town", nowadays called the "Alto do Bode".

During the first sixty years, the city's development was directly connected to the railway's activities. The town prospered during the rubber boom; after the discovery of cheap Malaysian rubber made that of the Amazon obsolete, the region's rubber-centered economy ground to a sudden halt. Cities like Santo Antônio do Madeira, which had a tram line and a weekly newspaper by the time of Porto Velho's foundation, are still nothing but ruins to this day.

Porto Velho's survival is associated with the better conditions of the area where it was built, its easy access by the river and its harbor: these were all considerations in the choice of Porto Velho as the capital of the newly formed Federal Territory of Guaporé, in 1943. Only with the beginning of World War II was there another cycle of progress in the region. Once the Allied forces lost control of Malaysian rubber, the Amazon's was needed again due to the war effort. This produced what is known in Brazil as the "second rubber boom". Subsequently, when the war ended, the region's economy once again came to a halt.

Porto Velho's modern history begins with the discovery of cassiterite around the city, and of gold on the Madeira River, at the end of the 1950s. In addition, the government's decision to allow large cattle farms in the territory began a trend of migration into the city. Almost one million people moved to Rondônia, and Porto Velho's population increased to three hundred thousand. This intense migration caused much trouble for the city. Among many other problems, the suburban boroughs, for example, were nothing but shanty towns.

The Catedral Metropolitana Sagrado Coração de Jesus is the cathedral archiepiscopal see of a Latin Catholic jurisdiction that started on May 1, 1925. The vast Territorial Prelature of Porto Velho split off from the then-Diocese of Amazonas and Diocese of São Luíz de Cáceres, and also lost parts to three new Territorial prelatures, before being promoted as the first bishopric (Diocese of Porto Velho). On October 4, 1982, it was promoted as Metropolitan Archdiocese of Porto Velho.

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Porto Velho Time 

Porto Velho has a population of over 519,531 people. Porto Velho also forms the centre of the wider Rondônia State which has a population of over 1,777,225 people.

To set up a UBI Lab for Porto Velho see: https://www.ubilabnetwork.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/UBILabNetwork

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Porto Velho has links with:

🇨🇳 Jinan, China
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

Antipodal to Porto Velho is: 116.14,8.766

Locations Near: Porto Velho -63.8598,-8.76649

🇧🇷 Ariquemes -63.033,-9.908 d: 156  

🇧🇷 Humaitá -63.017,-7.5 d: 168.7  

🇧🇷 Ji Parana -61.95,-10.883 d: 314.9  

🇧🇷 Ji-Paraná -61.941,-10.881 d: 315.4  

🇧🇷 Cacoal -61.447,-11.439 d: 397.5  

🇧🇷 Manicoré -61.28,-5.816 d: 434.3  

🇧🇷 Rio Branco -67.8,-9.967 d: 452.4  

🇧🇷 Brasiléia -68.733,-11 d: 588.8  

🇧🇷 Vilhena -60.11,-12.708 d: 599.8  

🇧🇷 Eirunepé -69.869,-6.664 d: 702.1  

Antipodal to: Porto Velho 116.14,8.766

🇲🇾 Tuaran 116.233,6.183 d: 19727.7  

🇵🇭 Puerto Princesa 118.736,9.742 d: 19710.2  

🇲🇾 Kota Kinabalu 116.067,5.967 d: 19703.7  

🇲🇾 Sandakan 118.113,5.843 d: 19623.9  

🇵🇭 Roxas 119.33,10.33 d: 19624.5  

🇲🇾 Victoria 115.25,5.283 d: 19615.5  

🇧🇳 Bandar Seri Begawan 114.928,4.868 d: 19561.5  

🇲🇾 Tawau 117.883,4.25 d: 19477.3  

🇲🇾 Miri 113.983,4.383 d: 19472.6  

🇵🇭 Jolo 121,6.05 d: 19400  

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