Orenburg is the administrative centre of Orenburg Oblast, Russia. It lies on the Ural River, 1,478 kilometers southeast of Moscow. Orenburg is also very close to the border with Kazakhstan. Orenburg is a home to several large companies or their subsidiaries: Orenburggazprom, the subsidiary of Gazprom; Orenburgneft, the subsidiary of TNK-BP oil company; Orenburgenergy, one of the biggest energy generating companies in Russia. Transportation
Orenburg has been a major railway centre ever since the Samara-Zlatoust and Orenburg-Tashkent railroads were completed, respectively in 1876 and 1905. Orenburg's main airport is the Orenburg Tsentralny Airport, located about 25 kilometres (16 mi) east of the city, on the Orsk destination, and used to be the headquarters of now defunct Orenair. City public transport includes bus, trolleybus and also marshrutkas (fixed-route cabs).
Orenburg has a population of over 572,188 people.
Orenburg is twinned with: Aktobe, Kazakhstan • Khujand, Tajikistan • Oral, Kazakhstan • Orlando, United States.