🇺🇸 Oneonta is a city in southern Otsego County, New York, United States. It is one of the northernmost cities of the Appalachian Region. Its nickname is "City of the Hills". While the word "oneonta" is of undetermined origin, it is popularly believed to mean "place of open rocks" in the Mohawk language. This refers to a prominent geological formation known as "Table Rock" at the western end of the city. Indigenous ancestors of Algonquin and Iroquoian-speaking Native Americans inhabited the land in the territory of Oneonta before European colonists settled in the area. The Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy are believed to have emerged and gained dominance prior to the 15th century; they were in place at the time of early French and Dutch colonisation. Oneonta is located south-west of Albany.