🇬🇱 Nuuk is the capital and largest city of Greenland. Nuuk is the seat of government and the country's largest cultural and economic centre. The major cities from other countries closest to the capital are 🇨🇦 Iqaluit and 🇨🇦 St. John's in Canada and 🇮🇸 Reykjavík in Iceland. Nuuk contains almost a third of Greenland's population and its tallest building. Nuuk is also the seat of government for the Sermersooq municipality.
The city was founded in 1728 by the Dano-Norwegian governor Claus Paarss when he relocated Hans Egede's earlier Hope Colony (Haabets Koloni) to the mainland and was named Godthaab ("Good Hope"). "Nuuk" is the Greenlandic word for "cape" (Danish: næs) and is commonly found in Greenlandic place names. It is so named because of its position at the end of the Nuup Kangerlua fjord on the eastern shore of the Labrador Sea. Its latitude, at 64°11' N, makes it the world's northernmost capital, only a few km farther north than the Icelandic capital Reykjavík. When home rule was established in 1979, the authorisation of place names was transferred to Greenlandic authorities, who subsequently preferred Greenlandic names over Danish ones. The name Godthåb mostly went out of use over the next two decades.
The campus of the University of Greenland, hosting Statistics Greenland and the main holdings of the Public and National Library of Greenland, are at the northern end of the district, near the road to the Nuuk Airport.
Nuuk receives its electric power mainly from the renewable energy-powered Buksefjord hydroelectric power plant by way of a 132 kV powerline crossing Ameralik fjord over a distance of 5,376 m (17,638 ft), the world's longest free span.
Nuuk was ranked #990 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Nuuk has a population of over 18,800 people. Nuuk also forms the centre of the wider Sermersooq municipality which has a population of over 23,123 people. Nuuk is situated 1432 km west of Reykjavík.
Twin Towns – Sister Cities Nuuk is twinned with: 🇩🇰 Aalborg, Denmark; 🇨🇳 Changchun, Jilin, China; 🇺🇸 Tiverton, Rhode Island, USA 🇩🇰 Lyngby-Taarbæk, Denmark; 🇸🇪 Huddinge, Sweden; 🇮🇸 Reykjavík, Iceland; 🇦🇷 Ushuaia, Argentina; 🇵🇦 Bocas Town, Panama; 🇮🇩 Sorong, Indonesia; 🇸🇪 Stockholm, Sweden.