🇩🇪 Nürnberg or Nuremberg is the second largest city in Bavaria, and is located in the Middle Franconia region, and is the largest city and the unofficial capital of Franconia. Nuremberg forms a continuous conurbation with the neighbouring cities of Fürth, Erlangen and Schwabach. The city is the core of the European Metropolitan Region of Nuremberg, one of the ten largest business centres in Germany.
The city is home to a large number of businesses and is known for its high technology, industry and innovative services. The city focuses on Electric Power Generation and Transmission, Bio fuels & energy efficiency, Cleaner environment & efficient energy networks, Environmental Industries, Mobility Technologies, energy-efficient buildings, hydrogen, combined heat and power.
Nuremberg for many people is still associated with its traditional gingerbread (Lebkuchen) products, sausages, and handmade toys. Pocket watches — Nuremberg eggs — were made here in the 16th century by Peter Henlein. Only one of the districts in the 1797-1801 sample was early industrial; the economic structure of the region around Nuremberg was dominated by metal and glass manufacturing, reflected by a share of nearly 50% handicrafts and workers. In the 19th century Nuremberg became the "industrial heart" of Bavaria with companies such as Siemens and MAN establishing a strong base in the city. Nuremberg is still an important industrial centre with a strong standing in the markets of Central and Eastern Europe. Items manufactured in the area include electrical equipment, mechanical and optical products, motor vehicles, writing and drawing paraphernalia, stationery products and printed materials.
The city is also strong in the fields of automation, energy and medical technology. Siemens is still the largest industrial employer in the Nuremberg region but a good third of German market research agencies are also located in the city.
The Nuremberg International Toy Fair, held at the city's exhibition centre is the largest of its kind in the world.
Nürnberg is rated Sufficiency by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) which evaluates and ranks the relationships between world cities in the context of globalisation. Sufficiency level cities are cities that have a sufficient degree of services so as not to be overly dependent on world cities.
Nürnberg has a population of over 511,628 people. Nürnberg also forms part of the wider Nuremberg metropolitan area which has a population of over 3,500,000 people. Nürnberg is the #212 hipster city in the world, with a hipster score of 3.4149 according to the Hipster Index which evaluates and ranks the major cities of the world according to the number of vegan eateries, coffee shops, tattoo studios, vintage boutiques, and record stores.
Twin Towns – Sister Cities Nuremberg is twinned with: 🇫🇷 Nice, France; 🇵🇱 Kraków, Poland; 🇲🇰 Skopje, North Macedonia; 🇳🇮 San Carlos, Nicaragua; 🇬🇧 Glasgow, Scotland; 🇨🇿 Prague, Czech Republic; 🇺🇦 Kharkov, Ukraine; 🇮🇱 Hadera, Israel; 🇨🇳 Shenzhen, China; 🇹🇷 Antalya, Turkey; 🇺🇸 Atlanta, United States; 🇬🇷 Kavala, Greece; 🇪🇸 Córdoba, Spain.
Associated cities Nuremberg maintains friendly relations with: 🇮🇹 Klausen, Italy; 🇩🇪 Gera, Germany; 🇱🇰 Kalkudah, Sri Lanka; 🇲🇪 Bar, Montenegro; 🇷🇴 Brașov, Romania; 🇨🇳 Changping, China; 🇮🇹 Montan, Italy; 🇵🇸 Nablus, Israel.