Nizhny Novgorod, colloquially shortened to Nizhny, formerly known as Gorky, is the administrative centre of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast and the Volga Federal District. The city is located at the confluence of the Oka and the Volga rivers in Central Russia. It is an important economic, transportation, scientific, educational and cultural centre in Russia and the vast Volga-Vyatka economic region, and is the main centre of river tourism in Russia. In the historic part of the city there are many universities, theatres, museums and churches.
Nizhniy Novgorod has a population of over 1,200,000 people. Nizhniy Novgorod also forms part of the wider Nizhny Novgorod metropolitan area which has a population of over 1,730,000 people.
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