🇺🇸 Niagara Falls is a city in Niagara County, New York, United States. It is adjacent to the Niagara River, across from the city of 🇨🇦 Niagara Falls, Ontario, and named after the famed Niagara Falls which they share. The city is within the Buffalo–Niagara Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Western New York region.
The city was formerly occupied by Native Americans. Europeans who migrated to the Niagara Falls in the mid 17th century began to open businesses and develop infrastructure. Later in the 18th and 19th centuries, scientists and businessmen began harnessing the power of the Niagara River for electricity and the city began to attract manufacturers and other businesses drawn by the promise of inexpensive hydroelectric power. Niagara Falls State Park and the downtown area closest to the falls continue to thrive as a result of tourism. Niagara Falls main industry is tourism, driven primarily by the waterfalls. Significant sources of economic activity in the region includes the Niagara Falls International Airport; the Seneca Gaming Corporation's Seneca Niagara Casino & Hotel; and the nearby Niagara Falls Air Reserve Station. The State of New York established the USA Niagara Development Corporation, a subsidiary to the State's economic development agency, to focus specifically on facilitating development in the downtown area.
Tourism The city is home to the Niagara Falls State Park. The park has several attractions, including Cave of the Winds behind the Bridal Veil Falls, Maid of the Mist, a popular boat tour which operates at the foot of the Rainbow Bridge, Prospect Point and its observation tower, Niagara Discovery Center, Niagara Falls Underground Railroad Heritage Center, and the Aquarium of Niagara. Several other attractions also near the river, including Whirlpool State Park, De Veaux Woods State Park, Earl W. Brydges Artpark State Park in nearby Lewiston, New York, and Fort Niagara State Park in Youngstown, New York. Attractions in the downtown include the Seneca Niagara Casino & Hotel and Pine Avenue which was historically home to a large Italian American population and is now known as Little Italy for its abundance of shops and quality restaurants.
Niagara Falls has a population of over 48,671 people. Niagara Falls also forms part of the wider Buffalo-Niagara Falls metropolitan area which has a population of over 1,135,509 people.