New York, United States

Economy | Wall Street | Tech and biotech | Real estate | Tourist Industry | Media and entertainment | Top publicly traded companies

🇺🇸 New York, often called New York City (NYC) to distinguish it from the state of New York, is the most populous city in the United States. New York City is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the centre of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban area. New York is one of the world's most populous megacities. New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and is a significant influence on commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, dining, art, fashion, and sports. It is the most photographed city in the world. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important centre for international diplomacy, and is sometimes described as the capital of the world.

Situated on one of the world's largest natural harbours, with water covering 36.4% of its surface area, New York City is composed of five boroughs, each of which is coextensive with a respective county of the state of New York. The five boroughs—Brooklyn (Kings County), Queens (Queens County), Manhattan (New York County), the Bronx (Bronx County), and Staten Island (Richmond County)—were created when local governments were consolidated into a single municipal entity in 1898. The city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. New York is home to more than 3.2 million residents born outside the United States, the largest foreign-born population of any city in the world as of 2016. As of 2018, the New York metropolitan area is estimated to produce a gross metropolitan product (GMP) of nearly $1.8 trillion, ranking it first in the United States. If the New York metropolitan area were a sovereign state, it would have the eighth-largest economy in the world. New York is home to the highest number of billionaires of any city in the world.

New York City traces its origins to a trading post founded on the southern tip of Manhattan Island by Dutch colonists in approximately 1624. The settlement was named New Amsterdam (Dutch: Nieuw Amsterdam) in 1626 and was chartered as a city in 1653. The city came under English control in 1664 and was renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York. The city was regained by the Dutch in July 1673 and was renamed New Orange for one year and three months; the city has been continuously named New York since November 1674. New York City was the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790, and has been the largest U.S. city since 1790. The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the U.S. by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and is a symbol of the U.S. and its ideals of liberty and peace. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity, entrepreneurship, and environmental sustainability, and as a symbol of freedom and cultural diversity. In 2019, New York was voted the greatest city in the world per a survey of over 30,000 people from 48 cities world-wide, citing its cultural diversity.

Many districts and monuments in New York City are major landmarks, including three of the world's ten most visited tourist attractions in 2013. A record 66.6 million tourists visited New York City in 2019. Times Square is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District, one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections, and a major centre of the world's entertainment industry. Many of the city's landmarks, skyscrapers, and parks are known around the world, as is the city's fast pace, spawning the term New York minute. The Empire State Building has become the global standard of reference to describe the height and length of other structures. Manhattan's real estate market is among the most expensive in the world. Providing continuous 24/7 service and contributing to the nickname The City That Never Sleeps, the New York City Subway is the largest single-operator rapid transit system world-wide, with 472 rail stations. The city has over 120 colleges and universities, including Columbia University, New York University, Rockefeller University, and the City University of New York system, which is the largest urban public university system in the United States. Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City has been called both the world's leading financial centre and the most financially powerful city in the world, and is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalisation, the New York Stock Exchange and Nasdaq.

Economy New York City is a global hub of business and commerce, as a centre for banking and finance, retailing, world trade, transportation, tourism, real estate, new media, traditional media, advertising, legal services, accountancy, insurance, theater, fashion, and the arts in the United States; while Silicon Alley, metonymous for New York's broad-spectrum high technology sphere, continues to expand. The Port of New York and New Jersey is also a major economic engine, handling record cargo volume in 2017, over 6.7 million TEUs.

Many Fortune 500 corporations are headquartered in New York City, as are a large number of multinational corporations. One out of ten private sector jobs in the city is with a foreign company. New York City has been ranked first among cities across the globe in attracting capital, business, and tourists. New York City's role as the top global centre for the advertising industry is metonymously reflected as "Madison Avenue". The city's fashion industry provides approximately 180,000 employees with $11 billion in annual wages.

Other important sectors include medical research and technology, non-profit institutions, and universities. Manufacturing accounts for a significant but declining share of employment. The city's apparel and garment industry, historically centered on the Garment District in Manhattan, peaked in 1950, when more than 323,000 workers were employed in the industry in New York. In 2015, fewer than 23,000 New York City residents were employed in the manufacture of garments, accessories, and finished textiles, although efforts to revive the industry were underway. Food processing is a $5 billion industry that employs more than 19,000 residents.

Chocolate is New York City's leading specialty-food export, with up to $234 million worth of exports each year. Entrepreneurs were forming a "Chocolate District" in Brooklyn as of 2014, while Godiva, one of the world's largest chocolatiers, continues to be headquartered in Manhattan.

Wall Street The New York Stock Exchange, by a significant margin the world's largest stock exchange per market capitalization of its listed companies, at US$23.1 trillion as of April 2018. Pictured is the exchange's building on Wall Street.

New York City's most important economic sector lies in its role as the headquarters for the U.S. financial industry, metonymously known as Wall Street. The city's securities industry continues to form the largest segment of the city's financial sector and is an important economic engine. Many large financial companies are headquartered in New York City, and the city is also home to a burgeoning number of financial startup companies.

Lower Manhattan is home to the New York Stock Exchange, at 11 Wall Street, and the Nasdaq, at 165 Broadway, representing the world's largest and second largest stock exchanges, respectively, when measured both by overall average daily trading volume and by total market capitalization of their listed companies in 2013. Investment banking fees on Wall Street totaled approximately $40 billion in 2012, while in 2013, senior New York City bank officers who manage risk and compliance functions earned as much as $324,000 annually. In fiscal year 2013–14, Wall Street's securities industry generated 19% of New York State's tax revenue.

New York City remains the largest global centre for trading in public equity and debt capital markets, driven in part by the size and financial development of the U.S. economy. New York also leads in hedge fund management; private equity; and the monetary volume of mergers and acquisitions. Several investment banks and investment managers headquartered in Manhattan are important participants in other global financial centers. New York is also the principal commercial banking centre of the United States.

Many of the world's largest media conglomerates are also based in the city. Manhattan contained over 500 million square feet (46.5 million m²) of office space in 2018, making it the largest office market in the United States, while Midtown Manhattan, with 400 million square feet (37.2 million m²) in 2018, is the largest central business district in the world.

Tech and biotech Silicon Alley, centred in New York, has evolved into a metonym for the sphere encompassing the metropolitan region's high technology industries involving the internet, new media, financial technology (fintech) and cryptocurrency, telecommunications, digital media, software development, biotechnology, game design, and other fields within information technology that are supported by its entrepreneurship ecosystem and venture capital investments.

High technology startup companies and employment are growing in New York City and the region. The technology sector has been claiming a greater share of New York City's economy since 2010. Tech:NYC, founded in 2016, is a non-profit organization which represents New York City's technology industry with government, civic institutions, in business, and in the media, and whose primary goals are to further augment New York's substantial tech talent base and to advocate for policies that will nurture tech companies to grow in the city.

The biotechnology sector is also growing in New York City, based upon the city's strength in academic scientific research and public and commercial financial support. On December 19, 2011, Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg announced his choice of Cornell University and Technion-Israel Institute of Technology to build a $2 billion graduate school of applied sciences called Cornell Tech on Roosevelt Island with the goal of transforming New York City into the world's premier technology capital. By mid-2014, Accelerator, a biotech investment firm, had raised more than $30 million from investors, including Eli Lilly and Company, Pfizer, and Johnson & Johnson, for initial funding to create biotechnology startups at the Alexandria Center for Life Science, which encompasses more than 700,000 square feet (65,000 m²) on East 29th Street and promotes collaboration among scientists and entrepreneurs at the centre and with nearby academic, medical, and research institutions. The New York City Economic Development Corporation's Early Stage Life Sciences Funding Initiative and venture capital partners, including Celgene, General Electric Ventures, and Eli Lilly, committed a minimum of $100 million to help launch 15 to 20 ventures in life sciences and biotechnology.

Real estate Real estate is a major force in the city's economy, as the total value of all New York City property was assessed at US$1.072 trillion for the 2017 fiscal year, an increase of 10.6% from the previous year, with 89% of the increase coming from market effects. The Deutsche Bank Center is the property with the highest-listed market value in the city, at $1.1 billion in 2006. New York City is home to some of the nation's—and the world's—most valuable real estate. 450 Park Avenue was sold on July 2, 2007, for $510 million, about $1,589 per square foot ($17,104/m²), breaking the barely month-old record for an American office building of $1,476 per square foot ($15,887/m²) set in the June 2007 sale of 660 Madison Avenue.

In 2014, Manhattan was home to six of the top ten ZIP codes in the United States by median housing price. Fifth Avenue in Midtown Manhattan commands the highest retail rents in the world, at $3,000 per square foot ($32,000/m²) in 2017. In 2019, the most expensive home sale ever in the United States achieved completion in Manhattan, at a selling price of $238 million, for a 24,000 square feet (2,200 m²) penthouse apartment overlooking Central Park.

Tourist Industry Tourism is a vital industry for New York City, which has witnessed a growing combined volume of international and domestic tourists, receiving an eighth consecutive annual record of approximately 62.8 million visitors in 2017. Tourism had generated an all-time high $61.3 billion in overall economic impact for New York City in 2014, pending 2015 statistics. Approximately 12 million visitors to New York City were from outside the United States, with the highest numbers from the United Kingdom, Canada, Brazil, and China.

I Love New York (stylized I ❤ NY) is both a logo and a song that are the basis of an advertising campaign and have been used since 1977 to promote tourism in New York City, and later to promote New York State as well. The trademarked logo, owned by New York State Empire State Development, appears in souvenir shops and brochures throughout the city and state, some licensed, many not. The song is the state song of New York.

Major tourist destinations in Manhattan include Times Square; Broadway theater productions; the Empire State Building; the Statue of Liberty; Ellis Island; the United Nations Headquarters; the World Trade Center (including the National September 11 Museum and One World Trade Center); museums such as the Metropolitan Museum of Art; green spaces such as Central Park and Washington Square Park; the Stonewall Inn; Rockefeller Center; ethnic enclaves including the Manhattan Chinatown, Koreatown, Curry Hill, Harlem, Spanish Harlem, Little Italy, and Little Australia; luxury shopping along Fifth and Madison Avenues; and events such as the Halloween Parade in Greenwich Village; the Brooklyn Bridge (shared with Brooklyn); the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade; the lighting of the Rockefeller Center Christmas Tree; the St. Patrick's Day parade; seasonal activities such as ice skating in Central Park in the wintertime; the Tribeca Film Festival; and free performances in Central Park at Summerstage.

Points of interest in the boroughs outside Manhattan include numerous ethnic enclaves; Flushing Meadows-Corona Park and the Unisphere in Queens; the Bronx Zoo; Coney Island, Brooklyn; and the New York Botanical Garden in the Bronx. Manhattan was on track to have an estimated 90,000 hotel rooms at the end of 2014, a 10% increase from 2013. In October 2014, the Anbang Insurance Group, based in China, purchased the Waldorf Astoria New York for $1.95 billion, making it the world's most expensive hotel ever sold.

Media and entertainment New York City has been described as the media capital of the world. The city is a prominent location for the American entertainment industry, with many films, television series, books, and other media being set there. As of 2012, New York City was the second largest centre for filmmaking and television production in the United States, producing about 200 feature films annually, employing 130,000 individuals. The filmed entertainment industry has been growing in New York, contributing nearly $9 billion to the New York City economy alone as of 2015. By volume, New York is the world leader in independent film production—one-third of all American independent films are produced there. The Association of Independent Commercial Producers is also based in New York. In the first five months of 2014 alone, location filming for television pilots in New York City exceeded the record production levels for all of 2013, with New York surpassing Los Angeles as the top North American city for the same distinction during the 2013–2014 cycle.

New York City is also a centre for the advertising, music, newspaper, digital media, and publishing industries and is also the largest media market in North America. Some of the city's media conglomerates and institutions include Time Warner, the Thomson Reuters Corporation, the Associated Press, Bloomberg L.P., the News Corporation, The New York Times Company, NBCUniversal, the Hearst Corporation, AOL, and Viacom. Seven of the world's top eight global advertising agency networks have their headquarters in New York. Two of the top three record labels' headquarters are in New York: Sony Music Entertainment and Warner Music Group. Universal Music Group also has offices in New York. New media enterprises are contributing an increasingly important component to the city's central role in the media sphere.

More than 200 newspapers and 350 consumer magazines have an office in the city, and the publishing industry employs about 25,000 people. Two of the three national daily newspapers with the largest circulations in the United States are published in New York: The Wall Street Journal and The New York Times, which has won the most Pulitzer Prizes for journalism and is considered the U.S. media's "newspaper of record". Tabloid newspapers in the city include The New York Daily News, which was founded in 1919 by Joseph Medill Patterson, and The New York Post, founded in 1801 by Alexander Hamilton. The city also has a comprehensive ethnic press, with 270 newspapers and magazines published in more than 40 languages. El Diario La Prensa is New York's largest Spanish-language daily and the oldest in the nation. The New York Amsterdam News, published in Harlem, is a prominent African American newspaper. The Village Voice, historically the largest alternative newspaper in the United States, announced in 2017 that it would cease publication of its print edition and convert to a fully digital venture. The television and radio industry developed in New York and is a significant employer in the city's economy. The three major American broadcast networks are all headquartered in New York: ABC, CBS, and NBC. Many cable networks are based in the city as well, including CNN, MSNBC, MTV, Fox News, HBO, Showtime, Bravo, Food Network, AMC, and Comedy Central. News 12 Networks operated News 12 The Bronx and News 12 Brooklyn. The City of New York operates a public broadcast service, NYC Media, which has produced several original Emmy Award-winning shows covering music and culture in city neighborhoods and city government. WBAI, with news and information programming, is one of the few socialist radio stations operating in the United States.

New York is also a major centre for non-commercial educational media. The oldest public-access television channel in the United States is the Manhattan Neighborhood Network, founded in 1971. WNET is the city's major public television station and a primary source of national Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) television programming. WNYC, a public radio station owned by the city until 1997, has the largest public radio audience in the United States.

Top publicly traded companies in New York City

1 Verizon Communications; 2 JPMorgan Chase; 3 Citigroup; 4 MetLife; 5 American International Group; 6 Pfizer (pharmaceuticals); 7 New York Life; 8 Goldman Sachs; 9 Morgan Stanley; 10 TIAA (Teachers Ins. & Annuity); 11 INTL FCStone; 12 American Express.

New York, United States 
<b>New York, United States</b>
Image: Adobe Stock frank peters #312965167

New York is rated Alpha ++ by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) which evaluates and ranks the relationships between world cities in the context of globalisation. Alpha level cities are linked to major economic states and regions and into the world economy, Alpha ++ cities are cities most integrated with the global economy.

New York is the #1 city in the world according to the Global Financial Centres Index (GFCI) which evaluates and ranks the competitiveness of the major financial centres of the world according to a wide range of criteria – Human Capital, Business, Finance, Infrastructure and Reputation.

New York is the #2 city in the world according to the Global Power City Index (GPCI) which evaluates and ranks the major cities of the world according to their magnetism, or their comprehensive power to attract people, capital, and enterprises from around the world. It does so through measuring six key functions: Economy, Research and Development, Cultural Interaction, Liveability, Environment, and Accessibility.

New York is ranked #1 and rated A+ by the Global Urban Competitiveness Report (GUCR) which evaluates and ranks world cities in the context of economic competitiveness. A+ cities are strong international cities. New York has a population of over 8,804,190 people. New York also forms the centre of the wider New York metropolitan area which has a population of over 20,140,470 people. New York is the #145 hipster city in the world, with a hipster score of 3.9585 according to the Hipster Index which evaluates and ranks the major cities of the world according to the number of vegan eateries, coffee shops, tattoo studios, vintage boutiques, and record stores. New York is ranked #2 for startups with a score of 110.777.

To set up a UBI Lab for New York see: https://www.ubilabnetwork.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/UBILabNetwork

Twin Towns, Sister Cities New York has links with:

🇮🇹 Anzio, Italy 🇪🇸 Barcelona, Spain 🇨🇳 Beijing, China 🇹🇷 Beşiktaş, Turkey 🇮🇱 Bnei Brak, Israel 🇨🇴 Bogotá, Colombia 🇭🇺 Budapest, Hungary 🇰🇷 Busan, South Korea 🇨🇳 Chaoyang, China 🇨🇳 Cheongwen, China 🇪🇸 Coslada, Spain 🇲🇽 Cuernavaca, Mexico 🇵🇱 Gdynia, Poland 🇮🇱 Jerusalem, Israel 🇿🇦 Johannesburg, South Africa 🇹🇷 Konak, Turkey 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 Lambeth, England 🇦🇹 Leopoldstadt, Austria 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 London, England 🇪🇸 Madrid, Spain 🇨🇴 Medellín, Colombia 🇮🇹 Milan, Italy 🇯🇵 Obama, Japan 🇫🇷 Paris, France 🇧🇷 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 🇮🇹 Rome, Italy 🇩🇴 Santo Domingo, The Dominican Republic 🇰🇷 Seocho, South Korea 🇨🇳 Shunyi, China 🇨🇴 Soacha, Colombia 🇧🇴 Sucre, Bolivia 🇮🇱 Tel Aviv, Israel 🇯🇵 Tokyo, Japan 🇲🇽 Tulancingo, Mexico 🇹🇷 Üsküdar, Turkey 🇨🇳 Yiwu, China
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license | GPCI | GFCI | GaWC | GUCR | Hipster Index | StartupBlink

  • Paul Phipps |

    🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 Architect Paul Phipps is associated with New York. He was elected Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects (FRIBA) in 1921.

  • Robert Williams Gibson |

    Architect Robert Williams Gibson is associated with New York.

  • Verner Owen Rees |

    🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 Architect Verner Owen Rees is associated with New York. In 1911-12 Rees worked as an assistant in the office of Edwin Landseer Lutyens.

  • Arthur Albert Messer |

    🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 Architect Arthur Albert Messer is associated with New York. Messer was appointed Technical Adviser to the Imperial War Graves Commission in 1918.

  • Herbert Hardy Wigglesworth |

    🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 Architect Herbert Hardy Wigglesworth is associated with New York.

  • George Grey Wornum |

    Architect George Grey Wornum is associated with New York.

  • Miriam Wornum |

    🇺🇸 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 Painter/Textile/Decorative/Wallpaper Designer/Muralist/Illustrator Miriam Wornum is associated with New York. She created mosaic designs for the swimming pool of ocean liner S.S. Queen Elizabeth, launched in 1938.

  • Wemyss Wylton Todd |

    Architect Wemyss Wylton Todd is associated with New York.

  • Hayward Lewis Samson |

    🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 Architect Hayward Lewis Samson is associated with New York.

  • George Ashdown Audsley |

    🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 Illustrator/Architect/Decorative Artist George Ashdown Audsley is associated with New York. In 1863 he established an architectural practice with his older brother William.

  • Henry Vaughan |

    🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 🇺🇸 Architect Henry (Vaughn, Henry) Vaughan is associated with New York.

  • Derek John Walker |

    🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 Architect/Town Planner Derek John Walker is associated with New York. He was a lifelong sports fanatic with a passion for cricket, and was a supporter of Leeds United FC.

  • Serge Chermayeff |

    🇷🇺 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 🇺🇸 Architect/Furniture/Industrial Designer Serge Chermayeff is associated with New York. He was editor of ‘Dancing World’ magazine in London from 1918 to 1923.

  • Arnold André Higuer |

    🇵🇱 🇺🇸 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 Painter/Architect Arnold André Higuer is associated with New York.

  • Russell Page |

    🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 Architect/Garden Designer Russell Page is associated with New York. In 1937 Page was elected a fellow of the Institute of Landscape Architects and in the late 1930s wrote a number of articles for the Institute's journal Landscape and Gardening.

  • William Henry Romaine (Romaine-Walker, William Henry) Walker |

    🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 Painter/Illustrator/Architect/Interior Decorator/Poster Designer William Henry Romaine-Walker is associated with New York. He was elected an Associate of the Royal Institute of British Architects (ARIBA) in 1881.

  • William Crabtree |

    🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 Architect William Crabtree is associated with New York. He was a member of the MARS. Modern Architectural Research Group.

  • Thomas Adams |

    🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 Architect/Town Planner Thomas Adams is associated with New York. In 1930 he was appointed part-time director of research in planning by Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Antipodal to New York is: 106,-40.716

Locations Near: New York -74,40.7157

🇺🇸 New York City -74.007,40.715 d: 0.6  

🇺🇸 Chelsea -74,40.733 d: 2  

🇺🇸 Hoboken -74.017,40.733 d: 2.4  

🇺🇸 Manhattan -74.004,40.753 d: 4.2  

🇺🇸 Union City -74.031,40.767 d: 6.2  

🇺🇸 Brooklyn -74.006,40.655 d: 6.8  

🇺🇸 Jersey City -74.066,40.726 d: 5.7  

🇺🇸 Long Island City -73.941,40.751 d: 6.3  

🇺🇸 Borough Park -73.993,40.634 d: 9.1  

🇺🇸 North Bergen -74.025,40.794 d: 9  

Antipodal to: New York 106,-40.716

🇦🇺 Bunbury 115.637,-33.327 d: 18830.4  

🇦🇺 Mandurah 115.721,-32.529 d: 18759.2  

🇦🇺 Rockingham 115.717,-32.267 d: 18737.2  

🇦🇺 City of Cockburn 115.833,-32.167 d: 18721.7  

🇦🇺 Albany 117.867,-35.017 d: 18797.4  

🇦🇺 Vincent 115.834,-31.936 d: 18701.9  

🇦🇺 Perth 115.857,-31.953 d: 18701.9  

🇦🇺 Cannington 115.934,-32.017 d: 18702.8  

🇦🇺 Wanneroo 115.803,-31.747 d: 18687.4  

🇦🇺 Guildford 115.973,-31.9 d: 18690.4  

Bing Map

Option 1