Nanning, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China

History | Administrative divisions | Development Zones | Cityscape | Economy | Industrial zones | Tourist Industry | Education : Universities | Transport : Metro : Air : Rail : Road | Flora and fauna | Geography

🇨🇳 Nanning is the capital and largest city by population of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in Southern China. It is known as the "Green City" because of its abundance of lush subtropical foliage. Located in the South of Guangxi, Nanning is surrounded by a hilly basin, with a warm, monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate.

Beginning in 1949, Nanning's economy began developing beyond its former role as essentially a commercial and administrative centre, as it underwent sustained industrial growth. Today, Nanning is considered the economic, financial and cultural centre of Guangxi, and the chief centre for the training of the Zhuang minority in Guangxi. The People's Park is located in the centre of the city.

The city is home to several notable universities, including Guangxi University, Guangxi Medical University, Guangxi University for Nationalities and Guangxi Arts University.

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History Nanning, an ancient city with a long history and rich culture, was part of Baiyue ethnic groups in the ancient time. In the first year of Daxing period of Eastern Jin Dynasty (AD 318), Jinxing County, established here as one of the county towns, ushered a history of 1700 years of Nanning organizational system. During the Zhenguan period of Tang dynasty (AD 632), it was renamed Yong prefecture (Yongzhou) and established Yongzhou government seat, which is why it has been called Yong (邕) for short. In the first year of Taiding period of Yuan dynasty (AD1318), Yongzhou was renamed Nanning, meaning the Pacified South.

Nanning was once the territory of the Baiyue people and became the capital of Jinxing Prefecture which was separated from Yulin Prefecture of the Eastern Jin Dynasty.

In 1076 during the Lý–Song War Yongshou was besieged by Lý forces. Under the leadership of Su Jian, the garrison held out for forty-two days before succumbing. The city was razed to the ground and its people massacred by Lý dynasty.

In the Yuan dynasty in 1324, it was renamed Nanning Lu (Nanning Circuit) of Yongzhou. Historically, Nanning was famous for trade, and had permanent business offices from other areas in China since the Song dynasty.

In the Ming dynasty Nanning developed into an economic centre of the Zuo River and the You River with the reputation of "Little Nanjing".

On 4 December 1949, Nanning was captured by the CPC; in January 1950, Nanning municipality was set up, and identified as the capital city of Guangxi on 8 February of the same year; in March 1958, the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region was established, and Nanning municipality was the capital city.

Nanning serves as host for the annual China-ASEAN EXPO (CASEAN EXPO) which began in 2004 and was the venue for the 2006 "World Robotics Olympiad".

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Administrative divisions Nanning has jurisdiction over 7 districts, 1 county-level city, 4 counties, and 6 development zones.

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Development Zones: • Nanning High-Tech Business DZ (南宁高新技术产业开发区) • Nanning Economic and technology DZ (南宁经济技术开发区) • Nanning Overseas Chinese Investment Zone (南宁华侨投资区) • Nanning Qingxiu Mountain Resort/ Tourism Area (南宁青秀山风景名胜旅游区) • Nanning Xiangsi Lake New Area (南宁相思湖新区) • Nanning Liujing Industrial Park (南宁六景工业园区)

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Cityscape Nanning is home of the 21st tallest building in the People's Republic of China, the Diwang International Commerce Center, at 276 m (906 ft), currently the tallest building in Guangxi and in south-western China outwith Chongqing. The second tallest building in Nanning is the World Trade Commerce City at 218 meters. The city currently has seven buildings taller than 100 m (330 ft), built or under construction.

Nanning has many parks with tropical lush green landscape, it is one of the "greenest" cities in China, and it's known as "Green City"(绿城). Nanning's downtown skyline is rapidly changing and the city is becoming an important hub in China.

Recently, the government has begun a citywide beautification plan which aimed to further clean up the city and improve its image. This involved curtailing the number of street-side food vendors operating without proper licenses and restricting parking in busy streets. The program has achieved initial success, long-term efforts are still needed to deliver lasting results.

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Economy Nanning's GDP in 2015 was 341 billion RMB. The GDP per capita was $7,844.

Foreign exports in 2007 were US$10 billion. Foreign fixed asset investment was 34.3 billion RMB. Nanning has six development zones and industrial parks, three of which accounted for 6 billion RMB of Nanning's GDP, more than 8 percent of Nanning's total.

Mineral resources include gold, iron, manganese, aluminum, quartz, silver, indium, coal, marble, and granite. One third of China's different types of mineral resources are found in Nanning.

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Industrial zones • Guilin High-tech Industrial Development Zone • Nanning Economic & Technological Development Area.

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Tourist Industry Nanning is close to scenic Guilin, with its world-famous hillscape, northern and western Guangxi and its minority villages, and the border with Vietnam in the south.

Tourist attractions in Nanning include Guangxi Museum, People's Park with the Zhenning Fort, Mount Qingxiu, Guangxi Medicinal Herb Botanical Garden, and Yangmei Ancient Town.

Other places of interest include Nanhu Park, Shishan Park and Nanning Zoo.

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Education: Universities • Nanning University (南宁学院) • Nanning Normal University (南宁师范大学) • Guangxi University (广西大学) • Guangxi Arts College(广西艺术学院) • Guangxi Medical University(广西医科大学) • Guangxi University for Nationalities(广西民族大学) • Guangxi University of Chinese Medicine (广西中医药大学) • Guangxi University of Finance and Economics(广西财经学院) • Guangxi Police College(广西警察学院).

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Transport: Metro Main article: Nanning Metro

Nanning Metro system is known for its Nanning Rail Transit (NNRT), expected to comprise a total of nine lines. The first was completed and put into operation in June 2016, the second begin operation in December 2017, while lines 3 and 4 are now under construction. Line 1 connects the East and West of Nanning, linking the financial and political centre and the academic and research centre of Nanning.

Stations of Line 1 from the West to East are: SHIBU - Nanning College for Vocational Technology - PENGFEI LU - XIXIANGTANG Coach Station - Guangxi University for Nationalities - QINGCHUAN - Nanning Zoo - LUBAN LU - Guangxi University - BAICANGLING - Nanning Railway Station - CHAOYANG Square - XINMIN LU - MINZU Square - MACUN - NANHU - JINHU Square - Convention & Exhibition Center - WANXIANGCHENG - ASEAN Business District - FENGLING -!LANGDON Coach Station - BAIHUALING - FOZILING - Nanning East Railway Station.

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Transport: Air • Nanning Wuxu International Airport.

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Transport: Rail Further information: High-speed rail in China

Nanning has two major railway stations: Nanning railway station and Nanning East railway station. The latter one is newer and also the main destination of high-speed trains. A third, Nanning North railway station, is set to open in 2023 with the Guiyang–Nanning high-speed railway.

Nanning railway station is a railway junction for the Nanning–Kunming, Nanning–Guangzhou and Hunan–Guangxi Railways. There are also plans to build a high-speed railway to Pingxiang on the Vietnamese border. The goal is to better integrate Pan-Pearl River Delta and south-east China with members of the ASEAN.

At the end of 2013, some high-speed service has been introduced on the Hunan–Guangxi railway and on the railway line that connects Nanning with Beihai (as well as its branch to Fangchenggang).

Guangxi is also a conjunction of Guangzhou-Guiyang Highspeed Rail.

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Transport: Road • China National Highway 210 • China National Highway 322 • China National Highway 324 • China National Highway 325 • G72 Quanzhou–Nanning Expressway • G7201 Nanning Ring Expressway • G7211 Nanning–Youyiguan Expressway • G75 Lanzhou–Haikou Expressway • G80 Guangzhou–Kunming Expressway.

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Flora and fauna Nanning's warm climate gives it a large amount of biodiversity. There are many species of animals and more than 3,000 species of plants. The city flower is the Jaba flower, an evergreen shrub, and the city tree is the almond tree which is regarded as the backbone tree used for greening and landscaping throughout the city.

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Geography Nanning is located in the southern part of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, 160 km (99 mi) from the border with Vietnam. It has an administrative area of 22,293 km² (8,607 sq mi).

Nanning is situated in a hilly basin with elevations between 70 and 500 m (230 and 1,640 ft) above sea-level. Qingxiu Mountain dominates the southern part of town.

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Asia/Shanghai/Guangxi_Zhuang_Autonomous_Region 
<b>Asia/Shanghai/Guangxi_Zhuang_Autonomous_Region</b>
Image: Photo by NII on Unsplash

Nanning is rated Sufficiency by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) which evaluates and ranks the relationships between world cities in the context of globalisation. Sufficiency level cities are cities that have a sufficient degree of services so as not to be overly dependent on world cities.

Nanning was ranked #678 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Nanning has a population of over 4,417,600 people. Nanning also forms the centre of the wider Nanning Prefecture which has a population of over 7,241,100 people. It is also a part of the larger Guangxi Region. Nanning is ranked #931 for startups with a score of 0.124.

To set up a UBI Lab for Nanning see: https://www.ubilabnetwork.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/UBILabNetwork

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Nanning has links with:

🇲🇬 Antananarivo, Madagascar 🇬🇲 Banjul, The Gambia 🇮🇩 Bogor, Indonesia 🇦🇺 Bundaberg, Australia 🇺🇸 Commerce City, USA 🇮🇹 Crema, Italy 🇵🇭 Davao, Philippines 🇵🇭 Davao City, Philippines 🇵🇱 Grudziądz, Poland 🇰🇷 Gwacheon, South Korea 🇻🇳 Haiphong, Vietnam 🇻🇳 Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam 🇲🇾 Ipoh, Malaysia 🇨🇱 Iquique, Chile 🇺🇦 Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine 🇹🇭 Khon Kaen, Thailand 🇦🇹 Klagenfurt, Austria 🇲🇼 Lilongwe, Malawi 🇱🇦 Pakse, Laos 🇺🇸 Provo, USA 🇰🇭 Sihanoukville, Cambodia 🇫🇷 Val-de-Marne, France 🇲🇲 Yangon, Myanmar
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license | GaWC | Nomad | StartupBlink

Antipodal to Nanning is: -71.68,-22.824

Locations Near: Nanning 108.32,22.824

🇨🇳 Qinzhou 108.654,21.981 d: 99.8  

🇨🇳 Fangchenggang 108.355,21.687 d: 126.5  

🇨🇳 Laibin 109.221,23.75 d: 138.1  

🇨🇳 Guigang 109.609,23.096 d: 135.4  

🇨🇳 Beihai 109.109,21.483 d: 169.8  

🇨🇳 Yizhou 108.583,24.467 d: 184.6  

🇨🇳 Liuzhou 109.373,24.315 d: 197.5  

🇨🇳 Liunan 109.389,24.313 d: 198.2  

🇨🇳 Yulin 110.181,22.654 d: 191.8  

🇨🇳 Hechi 108.085,24.693 d: 209.2  

Antipodal to: Nanning -71.68,-22.824

🇨🇱 Calama -68.933,-22.467 d: 19730.4  

🇨🇱 Iquique -70.15,-20.217 d: 19684.8  

🇨🇱 Arica -70.317,-18.467 d: 19510.3  

🇨🇱 Copiapó -70.317,-27.35 d: 19493.4  

🇵🇪 Tacna -70.249,-18.015 d: 19459.9  

🇵🇪 Moquegua -70.933,-17.2 d: 19384.9  

🇦🇷 San Salvador de Jujuy -65.309,-24.18 d: 19348.2  

🇦🇷 Salta -65.409,-24.79 d: 19340.8  

🇧🇴 Oruro -67.117,-17.967 d: 19295.6  

🇧🇴 Potosí -65.75,-19.583 d: 19302.6  

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