Mengzi, Yunnan Province, China

Name | Government | Administrative divisions | 2 ethnic townships | Food | History | Economy | Transport : Rail : Tram : Air

🇨🇳 Mengzi (蒙自; Méngzì; Maoqziif Siif) is a city in the south-east of Yunnan Province, China. Administratively, it is a county-level city and the prefectural capital of the Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture, located about 243 km (151 mi) south-east from Kunming, and 400 km north-west from Hanoi, Vietnam. It is situated in the centre of a fertile valley basin on the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau 1,310 metres (4,300 ft) above the sea level. Mengzi was formerly Mengzi County (蒙自县) until October 2010, when it was upgraded to a county-level city. Mengzi is the core area of South Yunnan Central City Cluster, which is officially regarded as the political, economic, cultural, and military centre of South Yunnan.

Name A widely accepted statement is that the name "Mengzi" (蒙自) was originated from Muze Mountain (now named as Lianhua Mountain) located in the west of Mengzi and now belongs to Gejiu. In Yi language, Muze Mountain means a towering mountain. As with many other places in China, a variety of Romanized spellings were used for the name of Mengzi city in the past. The traditional French spelling was Mongtseu; the postal, Mengtsz, Mengtzu or Mongtze. Some works in English used the spelling Mêng-tse or Mengtsze.

Government The municipal seat is in Guanlan Subdistrict.

Administrative divisions At present, Mengzi City has 5 subdistricts, 4 towns, 2 townships and 2 ethnic townships: 5 subdistricts • Wenlan Subdistrict (文澜街道) • Yuguopu Subdistrict (雨过铺街道) • Guanlan Subdistrict (观澜街道) • Wencui Subdistrict (文萃街道) • Xin'ansuo Subdistrict (新安所街道); 4 towns • Caoba (草坝镇) • Zhicun (芷村镇) • Mingjiu (鸣鹫镇) • Lengquan (冷泉镇); 2 townships • Shuitian Township (水田乡) • Xibeilei Township (西北勒乡);

2 ethnic townships • Qilu Bai and Miao Ethnic Township (期路白苗族乡) • Laozhai Miao Ethnic Township (老寨苗族乡).

Food The Mengzi region is well known for a dish called guoqiao mixian ("Over the Bridge Rice Noodle"), made with long rice-flour noodles.

History The history of Mengzi can be traced back to Western Han dynasty when Bengu County (贲古县) was founded (109 B.C.), which was currently the area of Xin'ansuo, Mengzi.

Not until in 1276 (Yuan dynasty), Mengzi county was formerly founded, which can be regarded as the prototype of the modern Mengzi City.

In the 19th century, Mengzi was a major trading centre for commerce between the interior of Yunnan and the Northern area of Vietnam.

In 1886, a French convention chose Mengzi to be the centre of trade in Yunnan province for importing and exporting goods via Tongking in Vietnam. Facilities for this opened two years later.

Communications were inconvenient: goods from Hanoi or Haiphong were shipped to Hekou on the Vietnamese border by junk, transferred by small craft to Manhao, and then taken 60 km (37 mi) by pack animal to Mengzi. Despite these difficulties, Mengzi was an important port of entry into both Yunnan and western Guizhou provinces, and in 1889 it was opened to foreign trade as a treaty port. Most of this foreign trade was in tin and opium. Its main exports were tin and opium, and the main imports were mostly textiles (primarily cotton) and tobacco.

As a trading centre, the city gradually began to lose its importance beginning from the early 20th century. The importance of Mengzi was ended by the construction of the French railway from Haiphong to Kunming (the Yunnan provincial capital) in 1906–10. This railway bypassed Mengzi, but in 1915 a branch line was built via the town to the Gejiu tin mines. Apart from a brief respite during the early days of World War II, the town of Mengzi has, nevertheless, steadily declined in importance ever since.

Gejiu became a county in 1913, and a city in 1951. With the improvement of communications and transportation between cities of Gejiu and Kaiyuan and the other counties nearby, plus the development of trade between south-western China and the countries of Southeast Asia, Mengzi's ties have increasingly strengthened with Gejiu and Kaiyuan. The whole area has become a border economic centre. In addition to tin, the county's natural resources include coal, manganese, lead, zinc, and antimony.

When Japanese troops drove Beijing and Tianjin university professors, students, and administrators out of those cities, and then later out of Changsha as well, the academics made their own long march to Yunnan Province. They first established themselves in Mengzi, but after a year or so moved on to the provincial capital, Kunming. This was Lianda, or the Southwest Associated Universities.

Recently, the prefectural government has moved from nearby Gejiu to Mengzi. New wealthy suburbs and large government offices have sprung up as a result, but much of the poverty remains, creating a large wealth gap within the city.

In 2012, 11-14 thousand year old early human bones from Maludong near Mengzi City (some of them already in museum collections) were reported. These are provisionally known as the Red Deer Cave people.

Economy Mengzi used to be an agricultural undeveleped county before it rebecame the prefectural capital city in 2003 and being upgraded to a city administratively in 2010.

Real estate industry is the backbone of city's industry. The local government has also been developing policies to promote the transformation of the city's industries in recent years and has achieved some success.

Transport: Rail • The narrow-gauge Kunming–Hai Phong railway, in the mountains east of the city (passenger service discontinued), and its branches • Yuxi–Mengzi railway (opened in 2013) • Mengzi–Hekou railway (opened in December 2014); regular passenger service between Kunming and Hekou • Mile–Mengzi high-speed railway (Honghe railway station).

Transport: Tram Honghe tram runs from Mengzi North railway station to the city center.

Transport: Air Honghe Mengzi Airport in Mengzi is under construction.

Asia/Shanghai/Yunnan 

Mengzi has a population of over 590,300 people. Mengzi also forms the centre of the wider Honghe Prefecture which has a population of over 4,775,000 people.

To set up a UBI Lab for Mengzi see: https://www.ubilabnetwork.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/UBILabNetwork

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Mengzi has links with:

🇻🇳 Lào Cai, Vietnam 🇺🇸 Modesto, USA
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

North of: 23.396

🇮🇳 Manteswar 23.417

🇧🇩 Cumilla 23.438

🇧🇩 Savar 23.44

🇧🇩 Comilla 23.45

🇧🇷 Guarulhos 23.455

🇨🇳 Chenghua 23.461

🇹🇼 Chiayi 23.467

🇮🇳 Modasa 23.47

🇹🇼 Chiayi City 23.481

🇧🇩 Magura 23.486

South of: 23.396

🇴🇲 Rustaq 23.383

🇨🇳 Shantou 23.371

🇨🇳 Huadu 23.367

🇨🇳 Honghe 23.36

🇮🇳 Ranchi 23.349

🇮🇳 Ratlam 23.334

🇮🇳 Raisen 23.33

🇮🇳 Kadi 23.301

🇹🇼 Xinying 23.3

🇧🇩 Naria 23.3

East of: 103.365

🇨🇳 Honghe 103.37

🇹🇭 Kalasin 103.387

🇨🇳 Emeishan 103.482

🇹🇭 Surin 103.483

🇨🇳 Dayi 103.536

🇲🇾 Gelang Patah 103.59

🇲🇾 Kulai 103.6

🇮🇩 Jambi City 103.6

🇮🇩 Jambi 103.617

🇲🇾 Senai 103.633

Antipodal to Mengzi is: -76.635,-23.396

Locations Near: Mengzi 103.365,23.3961

🇨🇳 Honghe 103.37,23.36 d: 4  

🇻🇳 Lào Cai 103.966,22.505 d: 116.7  

🇻🇳 Sa Pa 103.831,22.293 d: 131.6  

🇨🇳 Kunming 102.712,25.041 d: 194.5  

🇨🇳 Xishan 102.65,25.033 d: 196  

🇻🇳 Điện Biên Phủ 103.017,21.383 d: 226.7  

🇨🇳 Qujing 103.796,25.491 d: 237  

🇻🇳 Yên Bái 104.875,21.705 d: 243.7  

🇻🇳 Tuyên Quang 105.268,22.113 d: 241.7  

🇻🇳 Sơn La 104.071,21.194 d: 255.4  

Antipodal to: Mengzi -76.635,-23.396

🇨🇱 Iquique -70.15,-20.217 d: 19258.1  

🇨🇱 Copiapó -70.317,-27.35 d: 19243.1  

🇨🇱 Calama -68.933,-22.467 d: 19219.7  

🇨🇱 Arica -70.317,-18.467 d: 19160.3  

🇵🇪 Tacna -70.249,-18.015 d: 19121.4  

🇵🇪 Moquegua -70.933,-17.2 d: 19105.3  

🇨🇱 Coquimbo -71.333,-29.95 d: 19116.2  

🇨🇱 La Serena -71.25,-29.909 d: 19114.9  

🇨🇱 Ovalle -71.2,-30.6 d: 19050.3  

🇵🇪 Ica -75.733,-14.067 d: 18973.4  

Bing Map

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