Medina, officially Al Madinah Al Munawwarah, commonly simplified as Madīnah or Madinah, is one of the three holiest cities in Islam and the capital of the Medina Province of Saudi Arabia. The city is located at the core of the Medina Province in the western reaches of the country.
Religious tourism plays a major part in Medina's economy, being the second holiest city in Islam, and holding many historical Islamic locations, it attracts more than 7 million annual visitors who come to perform Hajj during the Hajj season, and Umrah throughout the year. Medina has two industrial areas, the larger one was is managed by the Saudi Authority for Industrial Cities and Technology Zones (MODON). It is located 50 km from Prince Mohammed bin Abdulaziz International Airport, and 200 km from Yanbu Commercial Port, and has 236 factories, which produce petroleum products, building materials, food products, and many other products. The Knowledge Economic City (KEC) is a Saudi Arabian joint stock company which focuses on real estate development and knowledge-based industries.
Medina is ranked #171 by the Global Urban Competitiveness Report (GUCR) which evaluates and ranks world cities in the context of economic competitiveness. Medina was ranked #1163 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Medina has a population of over 785,204 people. Medina also forms part of the wider Medina metropolitan area which has a population of over 1,488,782 people.