🇫🇷 Marseille is the prefecture of the Bouches-du-Rhône department and Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in France. Situated in the Provence historical province, it is located on the coast of the Gulf of Lion, part of the Mediterranean Sea, near the mouth of the Rhône. Marseille is the second-largest city in France. Its metropolitan area is the third-largest in France.In the 1990s, the Euroméditerranée project for economic development and urban renewal was launched. New infrastructures and renovations were carried out in the 2000s and 2010s: the tramway, the renovation of the Hôtel-Dieu into a luxury hotel, the expansion of the Velodrome Stadium, the CMA CGM Tower, as well as other quayside museums such as the Museum of Civilisations of Europe and the Mediterranean (MuCEM). As a result, Marseille now has the most museums in France after Paris. The city was named European Capital of Culture in 2013 and European Capital of Sport in 2017. Additionally, Marseille hosted matches at the 1998 World Cup and Euro 2016. It is also home to several higher education institutions in the region, including the University of Aix-Marseille. Two large forts flank the entrance to the Old Port—Fort Saint-Nicolas on the south side and Fort Saint-Jean on the north.
Economy Marseille is a major French centre for trade and industry, with excellent transportation infrastructure (roads, sea port and airport). Marseille Provence Airport is the fourth largest in France. In May 2005, the French financial magazine L'Expansion named Marseille the most dynamic of France's large cities, citing figures showing that 7,200 companies had been created in the city since 2000. Marseille is also France's second largest research centre with 3,000 research scientists within Aix Marseille University. As of 2014, the Marseille metropolitan area had a GDP amounting to $60.3 billion, or $36,127 per capita.
Port Historically, the economy of Marseille was dominated by its role as a port of the French Empire, linking the North African colonies of Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia with Metropolitan France. The Old Port was replaced as the main port for trade by the Port de la Joliette, now part of Marseille-Fos Port during the Second Empire and The Old Port now contains restaurants, offices, bars and hotels and functions mostly as a private marina. The majority of the port and docks have been recently redeveloped with funds from the European Union. Fishing remains important in Marseille and the food economy of Marseille is fed by the local catch; a daily fish market is still held on the Quai des Belges of the Old Port.
The economy of Marseille and its region is still linked to its commercial port, the first French port and the fifth European port by cargo tonnage, which lies north of the Old Port and eastern in Fos-sur-Mer. Some 45,000 jobs are linked to the port activities and it represents 4 billion euros added value to the regional economy. 100 million tons of freight pass annually through the port, 60% of which is petroleum, making it number one in France and the Mediterranean and number three in Europe. The port is among the 20th largest in Europe for container traffic with 1,062,408 TEU and new infrastructures have already raised the capacity to 2M TEU. Petroleum refining and shipbuilding are the principal industries, but chemicals, soap, glass, sugar, building materials, plastics, textiles, olive oil, and processed foods are also important products. Marseille is connected with the Rhône via a canal and thus has access to the extensive waterway network of France. Petroleum is shipped northward to the Paris basin by pipeline. The city also serves as France's leading centre of oil refining.
Companies, services and high technologies In recent years, the city has also experienced a large growth in service sector employment and a switch from light manufacturing to a cultural, high-tech economy. The Marseille region is home to thousands of companies, 90% of which are small and medium enterprises with less than 500 employees.[full citation needed] Among the most famous ones are CMA CGM, container-shipping giant; Compagnie maritime d'expertises (Comex), world leader in sub-sea engineering and hydraulic systems; Airbus Helicopters, an Airbus division; Azur Promotel, an active real estate development company; La Provence, the local daily newspaper; RTM, Marseille's public transport company; and Société Nationale Maritime Corse Méditerranée (SNCM), a major operator in passenger, vehicle and freight transportation in the Western Mediterranean. The urban operation Euroméditerranée has developed a large offer of offices and thus Marseille hosts one of the main business district in France.
Marseille is the home of three main technopoles: Château-Gombert (technological innovations), Luminy (biotechnology) and La Belle de Mai (17,000 sq.m. of offices dedicated to multimedia activities).
Tourism and attractions The port is also an important arrival base for millions of people each year, with 2.4 million including 890,100 from cruise ships. With its beaches, history, architecture and culture with 24 museums and 42 theatres, Marseille is one of the most visited cities in France, with 4.1 million visitors in 2012. Marseille is ranked 86th in the world for business tourism and events, advancing from the 150th spot one year before. The number of congress days hosted on its territory is over 300,000 each year. They take place in three main sites, the Palais du Pharo, Palais des Congrès et des Expositions (Parc Chanot) and World Trade Center. In 2012 Marseille hosted the World Water Forum. Several urban projects have been developed to make Marseille attractive. Thus new parks, museums, public spaces and real estate projects aim to improve the city's quality of life (Parc du 26e Centenaire, Old Port of Marseille, numerous places in Euroméditerranée) to attract firms and people. Marseille municipality acts to develop Marseille as a regional nexus for entertainment in the south of France with high concentration of museums, cinemas, theatres, clubs, bars, restaurants, fashion shops, hotels, and art galleries.
Marseille is rated Sufficiency by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) which evaluates and ranks the relationships between world cities in the context of globalisation. Sufficiency level cities are cities that have a sufficient degree of services so as not to be overly dependent on world cities.
Marseille is ranked #176 by the Global Urban Competitiveness Report (GUCR) which evaluates and ranks world cities in the context of economic competitiveness. Marseille was ranked #744 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Marseille has a population of over 870,018 people. Marseille also forms the centre of the wider Marseille metropolitan area which has a population of over 3,100,329 people. Marseille is the #270 hipster city in the world, with a hipster score of 2.9134 according to the Hipster Index which evaluates and ranks the major cities of the world according to the number of vegan eateries, coffee shops, tattoo studios, vintage boutiques, and record stores. Marseille is ranked #163 for startups with a score of 3.314.
Twin Towns – Sister Cities Marseille is twinned with: 🇨🇮 Abidjan, Ivory Coast; 🇧🇪 Antwerp, Belgium; 🇩🇰 Copenhagen, Denmark; 🇸🇳 Dakar, Senegal; 🇮🇹 Genoa, Italy; 🏴 Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom; 🇮🇱 Haifa, Israel; 🇩🇪 Hamburg, Germany; 🇯🇵 Kōbe, Japan; 🇲🇦 Marrakech, Morocco; 🇺🇦 Odessa, Ukraine; 🇬🇷 Piraeus, Greece; 🇹🇳 Tunis, Tunisia
Partner cities Marseille has formal agreements of co-operation with: 🇲🇦 Agadir, Morocco; 🇪🇬 Alexandria, Egypt; 🇩🇿 Algiers, Algeria; 🇲🇱 Bamako, Mali; 🇪🇸 Barcelona, Spain; 🇱🇧 Beirut, Lebanon; 🇲🇦 Casablanca, Morocco; 🇵🇱 Gdańsk, Poland; 🇹🇷 Istanbul, Turkey; 🇮🇱 Jerusalem, Israel; 🇨🇾 Limassol, Cyprus; 🇹🇬 Lomé, Togo; 🇫🇷 Lyon, France; 🇲🇦 Meknes, Morocco; 🇺🇾 Montevideo, Uruguay; 🇫🇷 Nice, France; 🇫🇷 Nîmes, France; 🇲🇦 Rabat, Morocco; 🇷🇺 Saint Petersburg, Russia; 🇧🇦 Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina; 🇬🇷 Thessaloniki, Greece; 🇦🇱 Tirana, Albania; 🇱🇾 Tripoli, Libya; 🇹🇳 Tunis, Tunisia; 🇨🇱 Valparaíso, Chile; 🇧🇬 Varna, Bulgaria; 🇦🇲 Yerevan, Armenia.