Marlborough, Massachusetts, United States

History | Geography | Adjacent towns | Economy | Chamber of Commerce | Education | Transport | Major highways | Transport : Bus | Private services | Media : Print : Television | Arts | Points of interest

🇺🇸 Marlborough is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. Marlborough became a prosperous industrial town in the 19th century and made the transition to high technology industry in the late 20th century after the construction of the Massachusetts Turnpike.

Marlborough was declared a town in 1660, and was incorporated as a city in 1890 when it changed its municipal charter from a New England town meeting system to a mayor–council government.

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History John Howe in 1656 was a fur trader and built a house at the intersection of two Indian trails, Nashua Trail and Connecticut path. He could speak the language of the Algonquian Indians though the local tribe referred to themselves as the Pennacooks. The settlers were welcomed by the Indians because they protected them from other tribes they were at war with. In the 1650s, several families left the nearby town of Sudbury, 18 miles west of Boston, to start a new town. The village was named after Marlborough, the market town in Wiltshire, England. It was first settled in 1657 by 14 men led by Edmund Rice, John Ruddock, John Howe and a third John named John Bent ; in 1656 Rice and his colleagues petitioned the Massachusetts General Court to create the town of Marlborough and it was officially incorporated in 1660. Rice was elected a selectman at Marlborough in 1657. Sumner Chilton Powell wrote, in Puritan Village: The Formation of a New England Town, "Not only did Rice become the largest individual landholder in Sudbury, but he represented his new town in the Massachusetts legislature for five years and devoted at least eleven of his last fifteen years to serving as selectman and judge of small causes".

The Puritan minister Reverend William Brimstead became the first minister of First Church in Marlborough, William Ward the first deacon and Johnathan Johnson was the first blacksmith.

Marlborough was one of the seven "Praying Indian Towns" because they were converted to Christianity by the Rev. John Eliot of Roxbury. In 1674, a deed was drawn up dividing the land between the settlers and the natives. This is the only record of names of the natives. The settlement was almost destroyed by Native Americans in 1676 during King Philip's War.

In 1711, Marlborough's territory included Northborough, Southborough, Westborough, and Hudson. As population, business, and travel grew in the colonies, Marlborough became a favored rest stop on the Boston Post Road. Many travelers stopped at its inns and taverns, including George Washington, who visited the Williams Tavern soon after his inauguration in 1789.

In 1836, Samuel Boyd, known as the "father of the city", and his brother, Joseph, opened the first shoe manufacturing business - an act that would change the community forever. By 1890, with a population of 14,000, Marlborough had become a major shoe manufacturing centre, producing boots for Union soldiers, as well as footwear for the civilian population. Marlborough became so well known for its shoes that its official seal was decorated with a factory, a shoe box, and a pair of boots when it was incorporated as a city in 1890.

The Civil War resulted in the creation of one of the region's most unusual historical monuments. Legend has it that a company from Marlborough, assigned to Harpers Ferry, appropriated the bell from the firehouse where John Brown last battled for the emancipation of the slaves. The company left the bell in the hands of one Mrs. Elizabeth Snyder for 30 years, returning in 1892 to bring it back to Marlborough. The bell now hangs in a tower at the corner of Route 85 and Main Street.

Around that time, Marlborough is believed to have been the first community in the country to receive a charter for a streetcar system, edging out Baltimore by a few months. The system, designed primarily for passenger use, provided access to Milford to the south, and Concord to the north. As a growing industrialised community, Marlborough began attracting skilled craftsmen from Quebec, Ireland, Italy, and Greece.

Shoe manufacturing continued in Marlborough long after the industry had fled many other New England communities. Rice & Hutchins, Inc. operated several factories in Marlborough from 1875 to 1929. Famous Frye boots were manufactured here through the 1970s, and The Rockport Company, founded in Marlborough in 1971, maintained an outlet store in the city until 2017. In 1990, when Marlborough celebrated its centennial as a city, the festivities included the construction of a park in acknowledgment of the shoe industry, featuring statues by the sculptor David Kapenteopolous.

The construction of Interstates 495 and 290 and the Massachusetts Turnpike has enabled the growth of the high technology and specialized electronics industries. With its easy access to major highways and the pro-business, pro-development policies of the city government, the population of Marlborough has increased to over 38,000 at the time of the 2010 census. In November 2016, the administration of Massachusetts Governor Charlie Baker announced a $3 million grant to the city to fund infrastructure improvements along U.S. Route 20 to aid commercial development.

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Geography Marlborough has a total area of 22.2 square miles (57 km²), of which, 21.1 square miles (55 km²) of it is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km²) of it (4.87%) is water. The Assabet River cuts across the north-west corner of the city. Within city limits are three large lakes, known as Lake Williams, Millham Reservoir and Fort Meadow Reservoir. (A portion of Fort Meadow Reservoir extends into nearby Hudson.)

Marlborough is crossed by Interstate 495, U.S. Route 20 and Massachusetts Route 85. The eastern terminus of Interstate 290 is also in Marlborough.

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Adjacent towns Marlborough is located in eastern Massachusetts, bordered by six municipalities: Berlin, Hudson, Sudbury, Framingham, Southborough, and Northborough.

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Economy Marlborough is home to numerous businesses, stores and restaurants.

Companies from a wide variety of industries with a significant presence in Marlborough include TJX, Raytheon, Hewlett-Packard, AMD, Navilyst Medical, Netezza, Boston Scientific, Sunovion (formerly Sepracor), AT&T, Apple Inc., Egenera, Evergreen Solar, Fidelity Investments, Quest Diagnostics, Lucent Technologies, VCE, Cavium, Hologic, NAPA Auto Parts, BJ's Wholesale Club and the many other businesses large and small that provide the strong business community in the city.

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Chamber of Commerce The Marlborough Regional Chamber of Commerce is the local chamber of commerce for Marlborough and five other surrounding towns in MetroWest Massachusetts. The chamber represents the business needs of over 650 businesses and thousands of employees in the area and is headquartered in the city.

The Chamber of Commerce's role has included working with the MetroWest Regional Transit Authority to improve transportation options and to obtain recognition for Marlborough's Downtown Village as a cultural district.

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Education Public schools • High schools (grades 9–12): ◦ Marlborough High School ◦ Assabet Valley Regional Technical High School • Middle school (grades 6–8) ◦ 1LT Charles W. Whitcomb School (formerly 4–7 School, Marlborough Middle School, and Marlborough Intermediate Elementary School) • Elementary schools (grades K–5) ◦ Raymond C. Richer Elementary School ◦ Francis J. Kane Elementary School ◦ Sgt. Charles J. Jaworek Elementary School ◦ Goodnow Brothers Elementary School • Preschool (up to Pre-K) ◦ Early Childhood Center

Charter schools • Advanced Math & Science Academy (grades 6–12)

Parochial schools • Immaculate Conception School (Catholic, PS–8) (closed June 2020)

Private schools • Hillside School (5–9) • Wayside Academy (9–12) • Massachusetts International Academy (closed June 2020) • New England Innovation Academy (6–12)

After school programs • Boys & Girls Clubs of Metrowest

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Transport Marlborough is located near the intersection of Routes 495, 290, 20 and the Massachusetts Turnpike. It is connected to neighboring towns and cities by MWRTA.

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Major highways Marlborough is served by Two Interstate, one U.S Highway and one state highways: Interstate 495 (Massachusetts) Interstate Interstate 495 (Massachusetts) north–south

Interstate 290 (Massachusetts) Interstate Interstate 290 (Massachusetts) east–west

U.S. Route 20 United States highway Boston Post Rd., East/West Main St.

Lakeside Ave and Granger Blvd. east–west

Route 85 State route Washington St., Bolton St. and

Maple St. north–south

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Transport: Bus • The MetroWest Regional Transit Authority (MWRTA) operates a regional bus service which provides fixed route public bus lines servicing multiple communities in the MetroWest region, including the towns of Ashland, Framingham, Holliston, Hopkinton, Milford, Marlborough, Sudbury, Sherborn, Natick and Weston. ◦ MWRTA Routes 7 connect Marlborough with Framingham which is well connected to Boston and other parts of the state via rail and bus. ◦ MWRTA Route 7C (Inner City Marlborough) line runs roughly east–west through Marlborough. This route runs through the downtown Marlborough and connects multiple Shopping Complexes/Malls, residential localities and Marlborough Hospital. Transfers can be made between routes 7 and 7C at the Marlborough City Hall stop.

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Private services • A number of private Taxi/Limousine services have been listed as being operated in Marlborough e.g. Marlborough City Taxi, American Way, Etc.

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Media: Print Community Advocate, a weekly regional newspaper serving Marlborough and six surrounding communities.

The MetroWest Daily News, a daily newspaper covering Marlborough and surrounding communities in the MetroWest region

The Marlborough Enterprise, the city's weekly newspaper

Marlborough Patch (online daily)

The Main Street Journal, a weekly newspaper.

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Media: Television Channel 8 (Comcast), Channel 34 (Verizon): WMCT-TV Your Community Station (Marlborough Cable Trust).

Channel 96 (Comcast), Channel 33 (Verizon): Marlborough Access, Public Access Television (Marlborough Cable Trust).

Channel 98: Marlborough Public Schools' student run station

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Arts Ghost Light Players of MetroWest Ghost Light Players is a 501(c)(3) charitable organization based in Marlborough. The group has been performing in and around the Marlborough area since 2012, with productions including Hamlet, Dog Sees God, Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth, Godspell, and Love Comics.

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Points of interest • Assabet River Rail Trail • Brigham Cemetery • Callahan State Park • Capt. Peter Rice House • John Brown Bell • John J. Carroll Water Treatment Plant • Lost Shoe Brewing & Roasting Company • Maplewood Cemetery • Marlboro Airport (closed) • Marlborough Center Historic District • New England Sports Center • Robin Hill Cemetery • Rocklawn Cemetery • Solomon Pond Mall • Weeks Cemetery • Wilson Cemetery • Marlborough Memorial Beach.

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Marlborough, Massachusetts, United States 
<b>Marlborough, Massachusetts, United States</b>
Image: Tim Pierce

Marlborough has a population of over 41,793 people. Marlborough also forms part of the wider Middlesex County which has a population of over 1,632,002 people. Marlborough is ranked #576 for startups with a score of 0.296. Marlborough is situated 29 km east of Worcester.

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Marlborough has links with:

🇯🇵 Akiruno, Japan 🇧🇷 Ipatinga, Brazil 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 Marlborough, England
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license | StartupBlink

Antipodal to Marlborough is: 108.45,-42.333

Locations Near: Marlborough -71.55,42.3333

🇺🇸 Framingham -71.417,42.267 d: 13.2  

🇺🇸 Worcester -71.802,42.263 d: 22.2  

🇺🇸 Leominster -71.75,42.517 d: 26.2  

🇺🇸 Norfolk -71.317,42.117 d: 30.8  

🇺🇸 Waltham -71.235,42.381 d: 26.4  

🇺🇸 Lowell -71.307,42.645 d: 40  

🇺🇸 Dedham -71.167,42.233 d: 33.4  

🇺🇸 Brookline -71.117,42.317 d: 35.7  

🇺🇸 Nashua -71.454,42.766 d: 48.8  

🇺🇸 Medford -71.113,42.418 d: 37.1  

Antipodal to: Marlborough 108.45,-42.333

🇦🇺 Bunbury 115.637,-33.327 d: 18832.4  

🇦🇺 Albany 117.867,-35.017 d: 18863.2  

🇦🇺 Mandurah 115.721,-32.529 d: 18751.1  

🇦🇺 Rockingham 115.717,-32.267 d: 18725.5  

🇦🇺 City of Cockburn 115.833,-32.167 d: 18710.6  

🇦🇺 Cannington 115.934,-32.017 d: 18691.4  

🇦🇺 Perth 115.857,-31.953 d: 18688.4  

🇦🇺 Vincent 115.834,-31.936 d: 18687.8  

🇦🇺 Guildford 115.973,-31.9 d: 18678.2  

🇦🇺 Wanneroo 115.803,-31.747 d: 18670.4  

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