🇪🇸 Manresa is the capital of the Comarca of Bages, located in the geographic centre of Catalonia, Spain, and crossed by the river Cardener. It is an industrial area with textile, metallurgical, and glass industries. The houses of Manresa are arranged around the basilica of Santa Maria de la Seu. Saint Ignatius of Loyola stopped to pray in the town on his way back from Montserrat in 1522. He also read in solitude in a cave near the town for a year, which contributed to the formulation of his Spiritual Exercises. As such, the town is a place of pilgrimage for Catholics.
It is believed the comarcal name "Bages" comes from a corruption of the Latin "Bacchus" due to the extensive production of wine in the area. The wine was produced from grapes grown mainly in terraced vineyards, and many of these old terraces can be seen today. Wine ceased to be the main product of the area as a consequence of phylloxera, but is still a very important part of the Manresa/Bages economy.
During the Napoleonic invasion, the volunteer troops of Manresa (sometent in Catalan language) defeated the French troops in the Bruch Pass (June 1808), but the retreating French burned and demolished much of the town. After the expulsion of Napoleon's troops, Manresans rebuilt the town using the rubble.
Economy Industry in the town covers textile-making, metallurgy, and glass manufacture.
Manresa has a population of over 73,640 people. Manresa also forms the centre of the wider Bages comarca which has a population of over 175,527 people.
European co-operation Manresa is a member city of Eurotowns network including: 🇪🇸 Avilés, Spain; 🇩🇪 Böblingen, Germany; 🇩🇪 Detmold, Germany; 🇸🇪 Eskilstuna, Sweden; 🇸🇪 Gävle, Sweden; 🇪🇸 Girona, Spain; 🇳🇱 Haarlem, Netherlands; 🇸🇪 Halmstad, Sweden; 🇧🇪 Hasselt, Belgium; 🇫🇮 Jyväskylä, Finland; 🇮🇹 Reggio Emilia, Italy; 🇧🇪 Roeselare, Belgium; 🇪🇸 Sabadell, Spain; 🇳🇱 Schiedam, Netherlands; 🇩🇪 Sindelfingen, Germany; 🇩🇪 Solingen, Germany; 🇩🇪 Ulm, Germany; 🇸🇪 Varberg, Sweden.