🇫🇷 Lyon or Lyons is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France. It is located at the confluence of the rivers Rhône and Saône.
The Metropolis of Lyon is the second-most populated in France, comprised of Lyon and 58 suburban municipalities. Lyon is the prefecture of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region). Former capital of the Gauls at the time of the Roman Empire, Lyon is the seat of an archbishopric whose holder bears the title of Primate of the Gauls. Lyon became a major economic hub during the Renaissance. The city is recognised for its cuisine and gastronomy, as well as historical and architectural landmarks; as such, the districts of Old Lyon, the Fourvière hill, the Presqu'île and the slopes of the Croix-Rousse are inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Lyon was historically an important area for the production and weaving of silk. Lyon played a significant role in the history of cinema: it is where Auguste and Louis Lumière invented the cinematograph. It is also known for its light festival, the Fête des Lumières, which begins every 8 December and lasts for four days, earning Lyon the title of "Capital of Lights".
Economically, Lyon is a major centre for banking, as well as for the chemical, pharmaceutical and biotech industries. The city contains a significant software industry with a particular focus on video games; in recent years it has fostered a growing local start-up sector. Lyon hosts the international headquarters of Interpol, the International Agency for Research on Cancer, as well as Euronews. Lyon ranked second in France and 40th globally in Mercer's 2019 liveability rankings.
Economy The GDP of Lyon was 74 billion euro in 2012, making it the second richest city in France after Paris. Lyon and its region Rhône-Alpes represent one of the most important economies in Europe and, according to Loughborough University, can be compared to Philadelphia, Mumbai or Athens with regard to its international position. The city of Lyon is working in partnership to more easily enable the establishment of new headquarters in the territory (ADERLY, Chambre du commerce et d'industrie, Grand Lyon...). High-tech industries such as biotechnology, software development, video game (Arkane Studios, Ivory Tower, Eden Games, EA France, Bandai Namco Entertainment Europe), and internet services are also growing. Other important sectors include medical research and technology, non-profit institutions, and universities. Lyon is home to the P4-Inserm–ean Merieux Laboratory which conducts top-level vaccine research.
The city is home to the headquarters of many large companies such as Groupe SEB, Sanofi Pasteur, Renault Trucks, Norbert Dentressangle, LCL S.A., Descours & Cabaud, Merial, Point S, BioMérieux, Iveco Bus, Compagnie Nationale du Rhône, GL Events, April Group, Boiron, Feu Vert, Panzani, Babolat, Euronews, Lyon Airports, LVL Medical, and inter-governmental agencies IARC, Interpol. The specialisation of some sectors of activities has led to the creation of many main business centres: La Part-Dieu, located in the 3rd arrondissement is the second biggest business quarter after La Défense in Paris with over 1,600,000 m² (17,222,256.67 sq ft) of office space and services and more than 55,000 jobs. Cité Internationale, created by the architect Renzo Piano is located in the border of the Parc de la Tête d'Or in the 6th arrondissement. The world-wide headquarters of Interpol is located there. The district of Confluence, in the south of the historic centre, is a new pole of economical and cultural development.
Tourism is an important part of the Lyon economy, with one billion euros and 3.5 million hotel-nights a year provided by non-residents. Approximately 60% of tourists visit for business, with the rest for leisure. In 2009, Lyon ranked first in France for hostels business. The festivals most important for attracting tourists are the Fête des lumières, the Nuits de Fourvière every summer, the Biennale d'art contemporain and the Nuits Sonores.
Lyon is rated Beta − by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) which evaluates and ranks the relationships between world cities in the context of globalisation. Beta level cities are cities that link moderate economic regions to the world economy.
Lyon is ranked #146 and rated C by the Global Urban Competitiveness Report (GUCR) which evaluates and ranks world cities in the context of economic competitiveness. C cities are international gateway cities. Lyon was ranked #212 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Lyon has a population of over 720,900 people. Lyon also forms part of the wider Lyon metropolitan area which has a population of over 2,323,221 people. Lyon is the #62 hipster city in the world, with a hipster score of 5.1795 according to the Hipster Index which evaluates and ranks the major cities of the world according to the number of vegan eateries, coffee shops, tattoo studios, vintage boutiques, and record stores.
Twin Towns – Sister Cities Lyon is a pilot city of the Council of Europe and the European Commission "Intercultural cities" program. Lyon is twinned with: • Addis Ababa, Ethiopia • Bamako, Mali • Barcelona, Spain • Beersheba, Israel • Birmingham, England, United Kingdom • Boston, United States • Craiova, Romania • Frankfurt, Germany; • Gothenburg, Sweden • Guangzhou, China; • Fianarantsoa, Haute Matsiatra, Madagascar; • Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam; • Jericho, Palestine; • Leipzig, Germany; • Łódź, Poland; • Milan, Italy; • Montreal, Canada; • Oran, Algeria; • Osaka, Japan; • Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso; • Porto-Novo, Benin; • Rabat, Morocco; • St. Louis, United States; • Saint Petersburg, Russia; • Sétif, Algeria; • Tinca, Romania; • Turin, Italy; • Yerevan, Armenia; • Yokohama, Japan.