Linköping, Östergötland County, Östergötland Province, Sweden

History | Culture | Economy | Transport | Education | Sport | Orienteering

🇸🇪 Linköping is a city in southern Sweden. It is the seat of Linköping Municipality and the capital of Östergötland County. Linköping is also the episcopal see of the Diocese of Linköping (Church of Sweden) and is well known for its cathedral. Linköping is the centre of an old cultural region and celebrated its 700th anniversary in 1987. Dominating the city's skyline from afar is the steeple of the cathedral, Domkyrka.

Nowadays, Linköping is known for its university and its high-technology industry. Linköping wants to create a sustainable development of the city and therefore plans to become a carbon-neutral community by 2025. Located on the Östergötland Plain, Linköping is closely linked to Norrköping, roughly 40 km (25 mi) to the east, near the sea.

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History The city is possibly named after the Lionga ting assembly which according to Medieval Scandinavian laws was the most important thing in Östergötland. Exact location of the Lionga ting is not known, but it was along the Eriksgata. The term "-köping" means there was a market there.

Historically, Linköping is famed for being an early diocese, c. 1082, second in Sweden (within its pre-1658 boundaries) only to Skara. The diocese is first mentioned in 1104 in the so-called "List of Florence" (Lionga. Kaupinga). The monastery of Vreta Kloster near Roxen north of Linköping was established in 1128, and the oldest parts of the cathedral are also from the 12th century (although it has been changed many times since then, the eye-catching tower with copper roofing being a 19th-century product). On several occasions attempts to achieve a separate Swedish archdiocese were based in Linköping, although, when they finally were successful in 1164, Uppsala was chosen instead.

The coronation of Valdemar Birgersson took place in the cathedral in 1251. In the reign of Gustavus Vasa several important diets were held in the town.

Religious centres tend to become educational centres, and Linköping was no exception. A cathedral school can be traced from 1266. In 1627 the current Linköping cathedral school was established, making it the third oldest gymnasium in Sweden.

Also, Linköping was the site for the final settlement of the dispute between king Sigismund III Vasa and his uncle Duke Charles, the latter prevailing in the battle of Stångebro (today a sports field near central Linköping) on 25 September 1598. This ultimately led to the rise to the throne of Charles (de facto at the 1600 Riksdag of the Estates meeting in Linköping and formally four years later) and the end of the short-lived Swedish-Polish personal union, as well as the execution of five of Charles's political opponents on the main square of Linköping on 20 March 1600.

Linköping was a small town until 1937, when the Saab aircraft industry was formed, starting a period of rapid expansion. Linköping University was established in the 1960s. Today the city is a centre of high-technology and software industry.

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Culture Linköping offers a wealth of leisure activities to people of all ages. Residents and visitors are able to enjoy art, theatre, history, concerts, markets, festivals and sporting events.

Special sights of interests are: the locks of Berg on the Göta Canal, the locks of the Kinda Canal, Gamla Linköping, Valla skogen and Valla fritidsområde (Old Linköping, Valla Wood, and the Valla recreational area), Flygvapen museum (the Air Force Museum), Linköping's domkyrka (the Cathedral), Slotts- och domkyrkomuseet (the Castle and Cathedral Museum) and Östergötlands Länsmuseum (the Östergötland County Museum). Konsthallen Passagen is an art gallery located in the main square.

Tornby, to the north of the city centre, is a vast shopping area with huge retail outlets and immense parking lots.

The city and its environs offer all sorts of green landscapes to see and experience. Two examples are a park named after the group responsible for it, Trädgårdsföreningen (The Garden Society), and the Tinnerö area with its oak woodland. Local bodies of water include the lakes Roxen, Rängen and Järnlunden, the River Stångån/Kinda Canal and the Göta Canal with the Berg locks. These areas can be accessed by foot, bicycle, or boat.

Linköping is the home of the Linköping Symphony Orchestra. The city is one of the sites of the Östergötland Music Days each summer, and the host of the Student Orchestra Festival in May every other year. One of the most notable choirs in Linköping is the Linköping University Male Voice Choir.

Linköping is also the home of theatrical heavy metal band Ghost and rock band the Pusjkins (sv).

The area around the main square was re-planned in the 1960s, and many old houses were destroyed. Some, however, were moved to Gamla Linköping (Old Linköping), in the city's western part, neighbouring the university's main campus. It is a living museum environment and a popular site with both residents and tourists.

NärCon, the largest anime and gaming convention in the Nordic countries, is held in Linköping.

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Economy One of the biggest employers in Linköping is Saab which among other products manufactures the SAAB Gripen fighter jet and where the SAAB 340 twin-engine commuter turboprop was produced. The city also has a strong presence in information technology with the headquarters of IFS AB, Sectra AB and Cambio Healthcare Systems AB, as well as the presence of Motorola, Ericsson, Infor, and many others. Toyota Industries Sweden AB has a presence in Linköping, as one of its subsidiaries, BT Industries, is located in nearby Mjölby.

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Transport The city is situated south of lake Roxen (which is part of the historically important water paths Motala ström and the Göta Canal) where the E4, Sweden's highway backbone, crosses the river Stångån (and Kinda kanal). It is situated on the main southern railway line connecting Stockholm with Malmö and Danish capital Copenhagen. Linköping/Saab Airport offers daily connections to Amsterdam.

In 2019, the city started experimenting with two autonomous buses that run along a 2 km route around the university campus.

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Education The city is home to Linköping University and its associated hospital Linköping University Hospital. The Katedralskolan (English: Cathedral School) is the third oldest gymnasium in the country.

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Sport Teams from Linköping are prominent in floorball, volleyball (Linköpings VC) and ice hockey (Linköpings HC (see above), or "Cluben" as some fans refer to it). The hockey team allied itself with Linköping's women's football team and created Linköpings FC, which plays in the highest division. The team won the Swedish Cup in 2006 and 2014. The world's largest floorball club Linköping Innebandy resides in the indoor sports arena in the city centre. The city continues to lack a first-class men's team in football with several teams competing in the lower leagues.

Other sports clubs include: • BK Derby • Derby/Linköping BK • BK Kenty • LiU AIF FK • Hjulsbro IK • IK Östria Lambohov • Karle IF • Linköpings ASS • Malmslätts AIK • Linköpings SF • Linköpings Budoklubb • Ekängen IF

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Orienteering Linköping hosted the 1968 World Orienteering Championships.

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Europe/Stockholm/Ostergotland_County/Linkoping 
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Image: Adobe Stock Henk Vrieselaar #361283632

Linköping has a population of over 111,267 people. Linköping also forms the centre of the wider Linköping metropolitan area which has a population of over 161,499 people. Linköping is ranked #505 for startups with a score of 0.363.

To set up a UBI Lab for Linköping see: https://www.ubilabnetwork.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/UBILabNetwork

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Linköping has links with:

🇳🇮 Estelí, Nicaragua 🇮🇸 Ísafjarðarbær, Iceland 🇫🇮 Joensuu, Finland 🇱🇹 Kaunas, Lithuania 🇦🇹 Linz, Austria 🇲🇴 Macau, Macao 🇷🇴 Oradea, Romania 🇺🇸 Palo Alto, USA 🇧🇷 São Bernardo do Campo, Brazil 🇳🇴 Tønsberg, Norway
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license | StartupBlink

Antipodal to Linköping is: -164.377,-58.414

Locations Near: Linköping 15.6235,58.4137

🇸🇪 Norrköping 16.188,58.587 d: 38  

🇸🇪 Örebro 15.222,59.279 d: 98.9  

🇸🇪 Eskilstuna 16.514,59.371 d: 118  

🇸🇪 Nyköping 17,58.75 d: 88.1  

🇸🇪 Västerås 16.551,59.617 d: 143.9  

🇸🇪 Jönköping 14.159,57.782 d: 111.1  

🇸🇪 Växjö 14.81,56.884 d: 176.9  

🇸🇪 Kalmar 16.361,56.667 d: 199.2  

🇸🇪 Enköping 17.083,59.633 d: 159.3  

🇸🇪 Kronoberg County 14.44,56.79 d: 193.8  

Antipodal to: Linköping -164.377,-58.414

🇹🇴 Nuku'alofa -175.216,-21.136 d: 15779.2  

🇵🇫 Papeete -149.566,-17.537 d: 15310.6  

🇦🇸 Pago Pago -170.701,-14.279 d: 15079.4  

🇼🇸 Apia -171.76,-13.833 d: 15019.8  

🇺🇸 Hilo -155.089,19.725 d: 11284.4  

🇺🇸 Maui -156.446,20.72 d: 11185.4  

🇺🇸 Maui County -156.617,20.868 d: 11170.4  

🇺🇸 Wailuku -156.505,20.894 d: 11166.6  

🇺🇸 Kahului -156.466,20.891 d: 11166.6  

🇺🇸 Honolulu -157.85,21.3 d: 11130.9  

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