🇨🇳 Lanzhou is the capital and largest city of Gansu Province in Northwest China. Located on the banks of the Yellow River, it is a key regional transportation hub, connecting areas further west by rail to the eastern half of the country. Historically, it has been a major link on the Northern Silk Road and it stands to become a major hub on the New Eurasian Land Bridge. The city is also a centre for heavy industry and petrochemical industry.
Lanzhou is one of the top 100 major cities in the world by scientific research output as tracked by the Nature Index. The city hosts several research institutions, including, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou University of Technology, Northwest Normal University and Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Notably, Lanzhou University is one of China's prestige universities as a member of the Project 985.
Economy Since 1949 Lanzhou has been transformed from the capital of a poverty-stricken province into the centre of a major industrial area. It was one of the first cities in China to industrialise, as a focus of the First and Second Five-Year Plans. The GDP per capita of Lanzhou was 25,566 (RMB) (US$3,681) in 2008, ranking it at number 134 among 659 Chinese cities. In 2015, the GDP per capita had grown to 57,191 RMB (US$9182.28) and the city ranked at place 100 for total GDP of Chinese cities.
Institutions The International Solar Energy Center (UNIDO-ISEC) is located in Lanzhou's Chengguan district.
Natural resources • Minerals: coal, gold, silver, zinc, nickel, manganese, clay, and dolomite; • Hydropower. There is a thermal generating plant supplied with coal from fields in Qinghai. In addition, there is a hydroelectric station at Zhulama Gorge in Gansu, and a large multipurpose dam has been built in the Liujia Gorge on the Yellow River above Lanzhou.
Industry Main industries include textile mills, rubber processing and fertilizer plants, an oil refinery, petrochemicals, machinery, and metallurgical industry. Gansu has one of the largest oil refineries in the country and Lanzhou itself is the centre of the province's petrochemical industry. The refinery is linked to the fields at Yumen by pipeline. It also manufactures equipment for the oil industry. Lanzhou has a large textile industry, particularly noted for the production of woolen and leather goods. In addition, Lanzhou produces locomotives and rolling stock for the north-western railways, as well as machine tools and mining equipment. Aluminum products, industrial chemicals, and fertilizers are produced on a large scale, and there is a large rubber industry. Copper is mined in nearby Gaolan. Lanzhou has been one of the centres of China's national nuclear power industry since the 1960s.
Agriculture Lanzhou is the collecting centre and market for agricultural produce and livestock from a wide area. • Spring wheat, vegetables, beans, oil-boiling, melon, peaches, and tobacco; • Roses and lilies.
Lanzhou is rated Sufficiency by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) which evaluates and ranks the relationships between world cities in the context of globalisation. Sufficiency level cities are cities that have a sufficient degree of services so as not to be overly dependent on world cities.
Lanzhou was ranked #993 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Lanzhou has a population of over 3,072,100 people. Lanzhou also forms the centre of the wider Lanzhou metropolitan area which has a population of over 4,359,446 people.
Twin Towns, Sister Cities Lanzhou has links with: 🇺🇸 Albuquerque, United States; 🇯🇵 Akita, Japan; 🇹🇲 Ashkhabad, Turkmenistan; 🏴 Chorley, England 🇷🇺 Penza, Russia; 🇲🇷 Nouakchott, Mauritania; 🇦🇺 Young, Australia.