Khujand, Sughd, Tajikistan

🇹🇯 Khujand, sometimes spelled Khodjent and known as Leninabad from 1936 to 1991, is the second-largest city of Tajikistan and the capital of Tajikistan's northernmost Sughd province. Khujand is one of the oldest cities in Central Asia, dating back about 2,500 years to the Persian Empire. Situated on the Syr Darya river at the mouth of the Fergana Valley, Khujand was a major city along the ancient Silk Road. After being captured by Alexander the Great in 329 BC, it was renamed Alexandria Eschate and has since been part of various empires in history, including the Umayyad Caliphate (8th century), the Mongol Empire (13th century) and the Russian empire (19th century). Today, the majority of its population are ethnic Tajiks and the city is close to the present borders of both Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan.

Khujand Airport has regularly scheduled flights to Dushanbe as well as several cities in Russia. There is also a rail connection between Khujand and Samarkand in Uzbekistan on the way to Dushanbe. The city is connected by road to Panjakent in the Zeravshan River Valley as well as Dushanbe via the Anzob Tunnel.

The 5-km tunnel, located 80 km north-west of Dushanbe and built with assistance from Iran, is also a transit route between Dushanbe and the Uzbek capital of Tashkent. Previously, particularly during cold seasons, the lack of a direct link between northern and southern Tajikistan often led to disruptions of commercial activities in the region

Dushanbe Time 
Dushanbe Time
Image: Adobe Stock Leonid Andronov #175871231

Khujand has a population of over 181,600 people. Khujand also forms the centre of the wider Sughd province which has a population of over 2,707,300 people.

To set up a UBI Lab for Khujand see: https://www.ubilabnetwork.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/UBILabNetwork

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Khujand has links with: 🇰🇿 Shymkent, Kazakhstan; 🇺🇿 Bukhara, Uzbekistan; 🇺🇿 Samarkand, Uzbekistan; 🇮🇷 Nishapur, Iran; 🇮🇷 Tabriz, Iran.

Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

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