Karamay, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China

Subdivisions | Economy | Transport

🇨🇳 Karamay is a prefecture-level city in the north of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China. The name of the city comes from the Uyghur language and means "black oil", referring to the oil fields near the city.

Karamay was the site of one of the worst disasters in modern Chinese history, the 1994 Karamay fire, when 324 people, including 288 school children, lost their lives in a cinema fire.

Karamay is located in the north-west of the Dzungarian basin, with an average elevation of 400 meters (1,300 ft). Its administrative area has a maximal 240 km (150 mi) north–south extent and reaches 110 km (68 mi) in east–west width. It borders Hoboksar Mongol Autonomous County to the north-east, Shawan County to the south-east, Toli County and Wusu to the west and Kuytun to the south.

The naturally available water supply in the Karamay area is limited: it mostly consists of two small rivers (the Baiyang River and the Da'erbute River (达尔不特河) flowing into the Dzungarian Basin from the mountains of its north-western rim. In addition, the city receives water from the Irtysh River, over the Irtysh–Karamay Canal, which was officially opened in 2008.

A number of natural (Ailik Lake) and artificial (Fengcheng, Huangyangquan) reservoirs are located in Karamay's north-eastern Urho District; they all are replenished, directly or indirectly, by water from the Irtysh–Karamay Canal.

Subdivisions Karamay City has jurisdiction over four districts (区; qū). They are not contiguous as Dushanzi District is located south of the Lanxin Railway and forms an exclave, separated from the rest of Karamay City by Kuytun City. Together with Kuytun City, Karamay City forms an enclave surrounded on all sides by Tacheng Prefecture.

Economy In 1955, one of the largest oil fields in China was discovered there. Since then, the city has grown into an oil-producing and refining center.

In 2008 the GDP reached ¥66.1 billion and GDP per capita reached ¥242,391 (US$34,901), ranking first among 659 cities in mainland China.

Transport • Kuytun–Beitun Railway. There are passenger stations in Karamay itself and in Wuwu New Town (五五新镇街道), south of central Karamay. • Karamay–Tacheng Railway (under construction as of 2017) • Karamay Airport • China National Highway 217.

Urumqi Time 
Urumqi Time
Image: Y Chen

Karamay has a population of over 462,347 people. Karamay also forms part of the wider Xinjiang Uyghur Region which has a population of over 25,890,000 people.

To set up a UBI Lab for Karamay see: https://www.ubilabnetwork.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/UBILabNetwork

Twin Towns - Sister Cities Karamay has links with:

🇮🇷 Abadan, Iran 🇰🇿 Aktau, Kazakhstan 🇰🇿 Aktobe, Kazakhstan 🇷🇺 Almetyevsk, Russia 🇨🇳 Daqing, China
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

Antipodal to Karamay is: -95.111,-45.58

Locations Near: Karamay 84.8892,45.5799

🇨🇳 Shihezi 86.08,44.305 d: 169.9  

🇨🇳 Changji 87.267,44.014 d: 255.9  

🇨🇳 Bole 82.051,44.854 d: 236.5  

🇨🇳 Ürümqi 87.6,43.817 d: 290.4  

🇨🇳 Altay 88.132,47.827 d: 351.5  

🇰🇿 Ust-Kamenogorsk 82.617,49.983 d: 518.2  

🇰🇿 Oskemen 82.571,49.989 d: 519.9  

🇨🇳 Turpan 89.19,42.951 d: 450.1  

🇲🇳 Ölgii 89.967,48.967 d: 537  

🇷🇺 Gorno-Altaysk 85.967,51.95 d: 712.7  

Antipodal to: Karamay -95.111,-45.58

🇨🇱 Port Montt -72.933,-41.467 d: 18176  

🇨🇱 Puerto Montt -72.933,-41.467 d: 18176  

🇨🇱 Valdivia -73.233,-39.8 d: 18122.3  

🇨🇱 Coyhaique -72.067,-45.567 d: 18227.6  

🇨🇱 Temuco -72.667,-38.733 d: 18023  

🇨🇱 San Pedro de la Paz -73.1,-36.833 d: 17942.3  

🇨🇱 Chiguayante -73.017,-36.917 d: 17941.5  

🇨🇱 Concepción -73.05,-36.817 d: 17937.6  

🇨🇱 Angol -72.25,-38.25 d: 17964.6  

🇦🇷 San Carlos de Bariloche -71.312,-41.143 d: 18037  

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