🇹🇷 İzmit, known as Nicomedia in antiquity, is a district and the capital town of Kocaeli province, Turkey. It is located at the Gulf of İzmit in the Sea of Marmara, about 100 km east of Istanbul, on the north-western part of Anatolia. The Izmit City built-up area is made of Kartepe, Basiksele, Korfez, Golcuk, Derince and even Sapanca largely being conurbated.
Economy İzmit has its origins as a port city. As of 1913, the Turkish government had been working to privatise the port. At that time, a company called Vickers built a temporary dock, bringing a small export business to the area. The British described the port as having little business as of 1920.
During the sanjak period of İzmit, the forested regions of the area were devastated by deforestation. The wood in the region of İzmit was used to produce charcoal, primarily. During the 1920s, the area was also known for manufacturing linen. Factories were rare during that time, so most linen was handmade. It was described as being "coarse" and as being in high demand in Turkey as of 1920. İzmit was the home of two Turkish Army and Navy uniform factories. One made fez hats and the other made cloth. The area made carpet and embroidery, made by mainly Christian women.
İzmit has a large oil refinery and major paper and cement factories. Ford Motor Company has a plant here in a joint venture with Otosan, assembling the Transit/Tourneo (including the new V362 Transit/Tourneo Custom since late 2012) and Transit/Tourneo Connect vans. With Ford's Southampton Assembly Plant closing in July 2013, and the launch of the new Otosan only V363 Transit in 2014, İzmit will be the sole producer of Ford Transit vans for Europe. It is also a transportation hub, being on the main highway and railway lines between Istanbul and Ankara and having a major port.
In the past few years the province has developed into a growth point for the Turkish automotive industry, receiving investments from Ford, Hyundai, Honda and Isuzu. Tyre and rubber products are produced to world-class standard (Goodyear, Pirelli, Lassa and Bridgestone). As of today, Kocaeli province has attracted more than 1200 industrial investments, 108 of which have been established with international capital. Turkey's largest enterprise, the Tüpraş Petroleum Refinery Plant, is in Kocaeli, containing altogether 27% of the national chemical products industry, including petrochemical products. Eighteen of the 100 largest enterprises of Turkey are in Kocaeli and contribute to around 17%-18% of the national tax revenues.
Financial Times affiliated Foreign Direct Investment magazine nominated Kocaeli (the province of which İzmit is the capital) among the 25 European Regions of the Future for 2006–2007. The city was chosen along with Adana for Turkey, which scored the highest points for cost effectiveness against Kocaeli's wider infrastructure, while Adana and Kocaeli tied on points for human resources and quality of life.
The famous Turkish traditional sweet Pişmaniye is a product of İzmit and the Kocaeli Province.
İzmit has a population of over 367,990 people. İzmit also forms the centre of the wider Kocaeli province which has a population of over 1,953,035 people.
Twin Towns, Sister Cities Kocaeli has links with: 🇩🇪 Kassel, Germany; 🇷🇸 Novi Pazar, Serbia. İzmit has links with: 🇨🇾 Agios Sergios, Cyprus; 🇰🇷 Buk, South Korea; 🇲🇰 Čair, North Macedonia; 🇲🇩 Ceadîr-Lunga, Moldova; 🇲🇰 Centar Župa, North Macedonia; 🇧🇦 Ilidža, Bosnia and Herzegovina; 🇵🇰 Karachi, Pakistan; 🇧🇾 Kastrychnitski, Belarus; 🇺🇦 Kherson, Ukraine; 🇧🇬 Momchilgrad, Bulgaria; 🇦🇿 Nəsimi (Baku), Azerbaijan; 🇰🇷 Pohang, South Korea; 🇲🇦 Tiznit, Morocco; 🇧🇦 Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina; 🇬🇪 Vake-Saburtalo, Georgia; 🇧🇦 Vogošća, Bosnia and Herzegovina.