Isfahan, (اصفهان) is a major city in Iran, Greater Isfahan Region. It is located 406 kilometres south of Tehran and is the capital of Isfahan Province. Isfahan is the third-largest city and the second largest metropolitan area in Iran. Isfahan is an important city, as it is located at the intersection of the two principal north–south and east–west routes that traverse Iran. Isfahan flourished from 1050 to 1722, and particularly in the 16th and 17th centuries under the Safavid dynasty when it became the capital of Persia for the second time in its history under Shah Abbas the Great. Even today the city retains much of its past glory. It is famous for its Perso–Islamic architecture, grand boulevards, covered bridges, palaces, tiled mosques and minarets. Isfahan also has many historical buildings, monuments, paintings, and artifacts. The fame of Isfahan led to the Persian proverb "Esfahān nesf-e-jahān ast": Isfahan is half (of) the world. The Naqsh-e Jahan Square in Isfahan is one of the largest city squares in the world. UNESCO has designated it a World Heritage Site.
Industry, mines and commerce accounts for %35 to %50 (almost $229 billion) of Iranian Gross Domestic Product but tourism is the number one priority. َAccording to Esfahan province Administrator for Department of Co-operatives, Labour, and Social Welfare , Iran has cheapest labour workforce anywhere in the world and this low wage attracts foreign investors. Isfahan University of Technology is one of the most prestigious engineering universities in Iran and focuses on science, engineering and agriculture programs. Isfahan Fair is a 22 hectare exhibition centre aimed at increasing tourism. Esfahan Province Electricity Distribution Company maintains power in the city. The handicrafts industry of Isfahan Province makes annual $500 million dollars.
Isfahan city is active in aquaculture with the production of 1,300 tons of salmon. More than 28% of the country's ornamental fish is produced in Isfahan province and 780 units are active in the field of ornamental fish production, which produced 65.5 million pieces of ornamental fish in Isfahan province.
Isfahan has a large number of aqueducts, Farmers divert water from the river to farms by canal. Niasarm is one of the biggest water canals. The Fruit and vegetables central market is where farmers sell their products wholesale buying 10,000 tons of produce a day.
The industrialisation of Isfahan dates from the Pahlavi period as in all of Iran, and was marked by the strong growth at that time of the textile industry; which earned the city the nickname “ Manchester of Persia”. There are 9,200 industrial units in the city and %40 of Iranian textile industry is in Isfahan. Telecommunication Company of Iran and Mobile Telecommunication Company of Iran provide 4G, 3G, Broadband and VDSL.
Isfahan Scientific and Research Town acts as a medium between government, industry and academia toward a knowledge-based economy. Isfahan is also the third largest medicine manufacturing hub in Iran.
Isfahan was ranked #1149 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Isfahan has a population of over 1,500,000 people.