🇨🇳 Huanggang is a prefecture-level city in easternmost Hubei Province, China. It is situated to the north of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and is bounded in the north by the Dabie Mountains and is named after Mount Huanggang. It borders Henan in the north, Anhui in the east and Jiangxi in the south. The city is the second most populous city in the province by administrative population, after Wuhan, the provincial capital. The Ezhou-Huanggang built-up (or metro) area is comprised of the Echeng district and the Huangzhou district of Huanggang, and many of its residents work in Wuhan. In 2007, the city is named China's top ten livable cities by Chinese Cities Brand Value Report, which was released at the 2007 Beijing Summit of China Cities Forum.
Huanggang enjoys an excellent transportation infrastructure. Wuhan airport is 90 km (56 mi) to the west, while Jiujiang Airport in Jiangxi to the east is 160 km (99 mi) away. Being on the Yangtze River, Wuhan main port is located 80 km (50 mi) away, and Huangzhou District has a small bulk-handling port. There is an extensive road network, with three north–south and seven east–west major roads within the main city area. The city also is served by several new expressways, including the north–south "Jingzhu" (Beijing to Zhuhai, Guangdong) expressway and the east–west Wuhan to Shanghai expressway. Huanggang also is on the main north–south "Jingjiu" (Beijing to Hong Kong) and "Jingguang" (Beijing to Guangzhou, Guangdong) railway lines.
Two bridges connect Huanggang across the Yangtze to the Ezhou on the south bank of the river: • Ehuang Bridge, between the main urban area of Huanggang and Ezhou; it carries the China National Highway 106. • Edong Bridge carries the G45 Daqing–Guangzhou Expressway and the G50 Shanghai–Chongqing Expressway. Other river crossings near Huanggang include: • Jiujiang Yangtze River Bridge, between Huangmei County and Jiujiang; a combined road-rail bridge, it carries the Huangxiao Expressway, China National Highway 105, and the Jingjiu Railway • Huangshi Bridge, which carries the Huanghuang Expressway from Xishui County to Huangshi.
Rail Huanggang is served by the Beijing–Kowloon Railway, which has several stations within the prefecture-level city. The Huangzhou Station, located within Huangzhou District some 20 km (12 mi) north-east from downtown Huanggang, has the best service of all, with several trains a day to Beijing, Nanchang, and Shenzhen. Huanggang travellers can also use the Huangshi station on the Wuhan–Jiujiang Railway, across the river.
Economy Huanggang has a diversified economy, ranging from bio- and herbal medicine to manufacturing, agriculture, and tourism. Since ancient times, Huanggang has been renowned for local specialties such as the "Qichun Four Treasures" (snake, turtle, bamboo, and moxa), Huangmei "tiaohua" embroidery, and Wuxue "zhangshuiqian" bamboo products. Today, Huanggang at large is recognised for organic vegetables. With its "Guihuaxiang" brand of chestnuts, Luotian is the leading chestnut-growing county in all of China. Yingshan is famous for its "cloud mist" green tea. Qichun, of course, is famous for herbal medicine. Macheng is a national model county for cattle breeding. Huangmei is a major centre of freshwater shrimp and fragrant jade rice production. And Hong'an peanut production ranks the first in Hubei Province.
Huanggang has a population of over 366,769 people. Huanggang also forms the centre of the wider Ezhou-Huanggang metropolitan area which has a population of over 5,882,719 people.