🇨🇭 Hinwil is a municipality in the district of Hinwil in the canton of Zürich in Switzerland.
History The village Hinwil from which the later municipality took its name is first mentioned in 745 as Hunichinwilari, in a donation made by Beata and Landolt to the Abbey of Saint Gall. Hinwil was part of an Alamannic colony comprising also adjoining villages and settlements that were donated during the following century by descendants of Beata and Landolt or by other members of their clan to the same abbey, such as Hadaleihinchova (Hadlikon, donated in 775), Pozinhova (Bossikon, 829), Rimolteswilare (Ringwil, donated together with a church in 837) and Werinholveshusa (Wernetshausen, 867).
The Alamanni were actually preceded by Roman inhabitants, as attested by the foundation walls of a Roman Villa dating from the 1st century CE and detected under the medieval church of Hinwil which is first mentioned in the second half of the 8th century.
During the High Middle Ages, the village Hinwil was part of the Landvogtei of Grüningen and was then, after 1280, subordinated to the commandry of the Knights of St. John at Bubikon. In the process of the Reformation, the governance of Hinwil and other villages of the region was divided between Zürich and the Order of the Knights of St. John, with the influence of the latter being limited by an agreement to use only members of the Reformed Church of Zürich as their local governors.
The economy of Hinwil was originally based on agriculture and rural handcraft. During the second half of the 16th century regional production of linen was introduced, from the 17th century on livestock farming and especially the early modern workshop-system of cloth production came to be dominant and, together with tourism in the wake of the railroad connection established in 1876, provided a certain prosperity in the 19th century and the years before World War I. Industrial production used to play a comparably modest role, yet came to be more important with the local establishment of Bührer Traktorenwerke AG (tractor production, since 1939) and Ferag AG (materials handling namely for newspaper production, since 1957).
Geography Hinwil has an area of 22.3 km² (8.6 sq mi). Of this area, 53.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 26.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 17.6% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (1.7%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains). In 1996 housing and buildings made up 11.5% of the total area, while transportation infrastructure made up the rest (6.1%). Of the total unproductive area, water (streams and lakes) made up 0.4% of the area. As of 2007 14% of the total municipal area was undergoing some type of construction.
The municipality is located in the Zürcher Oberland on the Bachtel mountain. It was formed in 1798 from the parish of the same name. It includes four independent villages; Hinwil, Ringwil, Wernetshausen and Hadlikon. The hamlets of Bossikon, Erlosen and Girenbad as well as about one hundred individual farms make up the rest of the municipality.
Economy Hinwil is the home of the Alfa Romeo Racing F1 Team.
Transportation Hinwil railway station is the terminal station of the Zürich S-Bahn on the line S14. Its train station is a 40-minute ride from Zürich Hauptbahnhof.
Hinwil has a population of over 11,354 people. Hinwil also forms the centre of the wider Hinwil District which has a population of over 97,098 people.
Twin Towns - Sister Cities Hinwil has links with:🇨🇿 Jablonné nad Orlicí, Czech Republic
Locations Near: Hinwil 8.85,47.3
Antipodal to: Hinwil -171.15,-47.3