🇳🇱 Groningen is the capital city and main municipality of Groningen province in the Netherlands. It is the largest city in the north of the Netherlands. In 2019, it was merged with the municipalities of Ten Boer and Haren. Groningen is a university city, and students comprise an estimated 25% of its total population. Groningen was established more than 950 years ago. Historically, it was a semi-independent city-state, a member of the Hanseatic League, and the dominant regional power in the north of the Netherlands.
Economy Hotel and catering industries constitute a significant part of the economy in Groningen. Focus on business services has increased over time and areas such as IT, life sciences, tourism, energy, and environment have developed. As of 2017, CSM Vierverlaten in Hoogkerk operate a beet sugar production plant in the city. Other notable companies from Groningen include publishing company Noordhoff Uitgevers, tobacco company Royal Theodorus Niemeyer, health insurance company Menzis, distillery Hooghoudt, and natural gas companies GasUnie and GasTerra.
Groningen was ranked #103 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Groningen has a population of over 233,218 people. Groningen also forms part of the wider Groningen-Assen metropolitan area which has a population of over 585,881 people. Groningen is the #226 hipster city in the world, with a hipster score of 3.2589 according to the Hipster Index which evaluates and ranks the major cities of the world according to the number of vegan eateries, coffee shops, tattoo studios, vintage boutiques, and record stores. Groningen is ranked #395 for startups with a score of 0.55.
Twin Towns – Sister Cities Groningen is twinned with: 🏴 Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK 🇩🇰 Odense, Denmark; 🇩🇪 Oldenburg, Germany; 🇦🇹 Graz, Austria; 🇨🇿 Zlín, Czech Republic; 🇵🇱 Katowice, Poland; 🇪🇪 Tallinn, Estonia; 🇷🇺 Kaliningrad, Russia; 🇷🇺 Murmansk, Russia; 🇺🇸 Holland, Michigan, US 🇳🇮 San Carlos, Nicaragua; 🇨🇳 Tianjin, China.