Galle, Southern Province, Sri Lanka

Etymology | History

๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Galle is a major city in Sri Lanka, situated on the south-western tip, 119 km from Colombo. Galle is the provincial capital and largest city of Southern Province, Sri Lanka and is the capital of Galle District.

Galle was known as Gimhathiththa before the arrival of the Portuguese in the 16th century, when it was the main port on the island. Ibn Batuta, a Moroccan Berber Muslim traveller in the 14th century, referred to it as Qali. Galle reached the height of its development in the 18th century, during the Dutch colonial period. Galle is the best example of a fortified city built by the Portuguese in South and Southeast Asia, showing the interaction between Portuguese architectural styles and native traditions. The city was extensively fortified by the Dutch during the 17th century from 1649 onwards. The Galle fort is a World Heritage Site and is the largest remaining fortress in Asia built by European occupiers.

Other prominent landmarks in Galle include the city's natural harbour, the National Maritime Museum, St. Mary's Cathedral founded by Jesuit priests, one of the main Shiva temples on the island, and Amangalla, the historic luxury hotel. On 26 December 2004, the city was devastated by the massive tsunami caused by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, which occurred off the coast of Indonesia a thousand miles away. Thousands were killed in the city alone. Galle is home to the Galle International Stadium, which is considered to be one of the most picturesque cricket grounds in the world. The ground, which was severely damaged by the tsunami, was rebuilt and test matches resumed there on 18 December 2007.

Important natural geographical features in Galle include Rumassala in Unawatuna, a large mound-like hill that forms the eastern protective barrier to Galle Harbour. Local tradition associates this hill with some events of Ramayana, one of the great Hindu epics. The major river in the area is the Gin Ganga, which begins from Gongala Kanda, passes villages such as Neluwa, Nagoda, Baddegama, Thelikada and Wakwella, and reaches the sea at Gintota. The river is bridged at Wakwella by the Wakwella Bridge.

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Etymology Galle was known as Gimhathitha in ancient times. The term is believed to be derived from the classical Sinhalese term meaning "port near the River Gin". It is believed that the town got its name as Gaalla in the native tongue as a result of the large number of bullock carts that took shelter in the area, following the long slow journeys from remote areas of the island. Gaala in Sinhala means the place where cattle are herded together; hence the Sinhalese name for Galle, เถœเทเถฝเทŠเถฝ, is a development from Gaala. Another theory is that the word Galle is derived from the Latin word gallus or the Portuguese word galo, which mean 'rooster'. The Dutch used the rooster as a symbol of Galle.

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History According to James Emerson Tennent, Galle was the ancient seaport of Tarshish, from which King Solomon drew ivory, peacocks and other valuables. Cinnamon was exported from Sri Lanka as early as 1400 BC, and as the root of the word itself is Hebrew, Galle may have been a main entrepรดt for the spice.

Ancient Greek and Roman geographers may have known about Galle, which they might have called the Cape of Birds. Ptolemy might also have known about the port which he referred to as Odoka. Moroccan traveller Ibn Battuta visited Galle (or Qali as he called it) in 1342. During the 12th and 13th centuries, Sinhalese refugees fleeing Tamil armies from the north began to settle in Galle and other nearby areas.

Galle had been a prominent seaport long before western rule in the country: Persians, Arabs, Greeks, Romans, Malays, Indians, and Chinese were doing business through Galle's port. In 1411, the Galle Trilingual Inscription, a stone tablet inscription in three languages, Chinese, Tamil and Persian, was erected in Galle to commemorate the second visit to Ceylon by the Chinese admiral Zheng He. In 1502, a small fleet of Portuguese ships, under the command of Lourenรงo de Almeida on their way to the Maldives, were blown off course by a storm. Realising that the King resided in Kotte close to Colombo, Lourenรงo proceeded there after a brief stop in Galle.

In 1640, the Portuguese were forced to surrender to the Dutch East India Company. The Dutch built the present fort in 1663. They built a fortified solid granite wall and three bastions, known as "Sun", "Moon" and "Star".

After the British took over the country from the Dutch in 1796, they preserved the fort unchanged and used it as the administrative centre of the district.

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Colombo Time 
Colombo Time
Image: Adobe Stock surangaw #290796547

Galle was ranked #288 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Galle has a population of over 93,118 people. Galle also forms the centre of the wider Southern Province which has a population of over 2,464,732 people.

To set up a UBI Lab for Galle see: https://www.ubilabnetwork.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/UBILabNetwork

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Galle has links with:

๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ Haikou, China ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ IJmuiden, Netherlands ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ Melbourne, Australia ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Velsen, Netherlands ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ Wuhan, China

Galle is a member of the OWHC: Organization of World Heritage Cities with: ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Acre ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ช Agadez ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ Ahmedabad ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Aktau ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Alcalรก de Henares ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡พ Aleppo ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Algiers ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ Amber ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ Amer ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Amsterdam ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Amsterdam ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Amsterdam ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท Andong ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Angra do Heroรญsmo ๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Anuradhapura ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Aranjuez ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ช Arequipa ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Augsburg ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Avila ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Baeza ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ท Bam ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Bamberg ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Banskรก ล tiavnica ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Bardejov ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Bath ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Bath ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Beemster ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ท Belo Horizonte ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท Bergama ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด Bergen ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Bergen ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Berlin ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Berlin ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Berlin ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Berlin ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ Bern ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Bernau bei Berlin ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ต Bhaktapur ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ด Biertan ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท Boeun ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Bolgar ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท Bordeaux ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ท Brasรญlia ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ง Bridgetown ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช Bruges ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช Brussels ๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡บ Budapest ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท Bursa ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท Buyeo ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Cรกceres ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ฌ Cairo ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡บ Camaguey 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Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license | Nomad

Antipodal to Galle is: -99.779,-6.04

Locations Near: Galle 80.2206,6.0402

๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Matara 80.535,5.949 d: 36.3  

๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Kalutara 79.965,6.579 d: 66.3  

๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Ratnapura 80.386,6.693 d: 74.9  

๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Panadura 79.902,6.715 d: 82.9  

๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Moratuwa 79.867,6.783 d: 91.4  

๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Homagama 80.003,6.843 d: 92.5  

๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Maharagama 79.917,6.833 d: 94.4  

๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Piliyandala 79.95,6.85 d: 94.9  

๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Nugegoda 79.883,6.85 d: 97.5  

๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Dehiwala 79.883,6.867 d: 99.2  

Antipodal to: Galle -99.779,-6.04

๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ช Talara -81.267,-4.567 d: 17959  

๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ช Mรกncora -81.05,-4.1 d: 17929.6  

๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Sterling Heights -83.001,2.544 d: 17921.7  

๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ช Sechura -80.817,-5.55 d: 17916.7  

๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ช Piura -80.633,-5.2 d: 17894.4  

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡จ Salinas -80.968,-2.207 d: 17886.2  

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡จ La Libertad -80.9,-2.233 d: 17879.3  

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡จ Santa Elena -80.858,-2.227 d: 17874.6  

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡จ Manta -80.7,-0.95 d: 17823.9  

๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ช Chiclayo -79.844,-6.764 d: 17810.9  

Bing Map

Option 1