Darmstadt is a city in the state of Hesse in Germany, located in the southern part of the Rhine-Main-Area (Frankfurt Metropolitan Region). Darmstadt is the fourth largest city in the state of Hesse. Other major and local cities in the surrounding area are Frankfurt am Main, Wiesbaden, Kassel, Offenbach, Mainz, Mannheim and Heidelberg.
Darmstadt holds the official title "City of Science" as it is a major centre of scientific institutions, universities, and high-technology companies. The European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT) and the European Space Operations Centre (ESOC) are located in Darmstadt, as well as GSI Centre for Heavy Ion Research, where several chemical elements such as bohrium, meitnerium, hassium, darmstadtium, roentgenium, and copernicium were discovered. The existence of the following elements were also confirmed at GSI Centre for Heavy Ion Research: nihonium, flerovium, moscovium, livermorium, and tennessine. The Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) is an international accelerator facility under construction. Darmstadt is also the seat of the world's oldest pharmaceutical company, Merck, which is the city's largest employer.
The Mathildenhöhe, including the Darmstadt artists' colony, a major centre of the Jugendstil artistic movement, referring both to the group of artists active in the city in the late 19th and early 20th century, as well as the buildings which they designed, together with the Russian Chapel in Darmstadt, are all recognised as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
As the capital of an prosperous duchy, the city gained international prominence and remains one of the wealthiest cities in Europe. Industry, especially chemicals, as well as large science, electronics and information technology sectors are a major part of the city's economy. The city is also home to the football club SV Darmstadt 98.
Darmstadt was ranked #714 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Darmstadt has a population of over 155,353 people. Darmstadt is the #204 hipster city in the world, with a hipster score of 3.463 according to the Hipster Index which evaluates and ranks the major cities of the world according to the number of vegan eateries, coffee shops, tattoo studios, vintage boutiques, and record stores per 100,000 city residents.
Darmstadt is twinned with: Alkmaar, Netherlands • Brescia, Italy • Bursa, Turkey • Chesterfield, England, UK • Freiberg, Germany • Graz, Austria • Gstaad (Saanen), Switzerland • Gyönk, Hungary • Liepāja, Latvia • Logroño, Spain • Płock, Poland • San Antonio, United States • Szeged, Hungary • Trondheim, Norway • Troyes, France • Uzhhorod, Ukraine