Dallas, Texas, United States

History | Economy | Top publicly traded companies | Education : Universities

🇺🇸 Dallas is a city in the U.S. state of Texas and the largest city in and seat of Dallas County, with portions extending into Collin, Denton, Kaufman and Rockwall counties. Located in North Texas, the city of Dallas is the main core of the largest metropolitan area in the Southern United States, the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex.

Dallas and nearby Fort Worth were initially developed due to the construction of major railroad lines through the area allowing access to cotton, cattle and later oil in North and East Texas. The construction of the Interstate Highway System reinforced Dallas's prominence as a transportation hub, with four major interstate highways converging in the city and a fifth interstate loop around it. Dallas then developed as a strong industrial and financial centre and a major inland port, due to the convergence of major railroad lines, interstate highways and the construction of Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, one of the largest and busiest airports in the world. In addition, Dallas has DART (Dallas Area Rapid Transit) with different colored train lines that transport throughout the Metroplex.

Dominant sectors of its diverse economy include defense, financial services, information technology, telecommunications, and transportation. Dallas is home to nine Fortune 500 companies within the city limits, while the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex hosts twenty-two Fortune 500 companies, the second most in Texas and fourth most in the United States. Over 41 colleges and universities are located within its metropolitan area, which is the most of any metropolitan area in Texas. The city has a population from a myriad of ethnic and religious backgrounds and one of the largest LGBT communities in the U.S. WalletHub named Dallas the fifth most diverse city in the United States in 2018.


History Indigenous tribes in North Texas included the Caddo, Tawakoni, Wichita, Kickapoo and Comanche. Spanish colonists claimed the territory of Texas in the 18th century as a part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. Later, France also claimed the area but never established much settlement. In all, six flags have flown over the area preceding and during the city's history: those of France, Spain, and Mexico, the flag of the Republic of Texas, the Confederate flag, and the flag of the United States of America.

In 1819, the Adams–Onís Treaty between the United States and Spain defined the Red River as the northern boundary of New Spain, officially placing the future location of Dallas well within Spanish territory. The area remained under Spanish rule until 1821, when Mexico declared independence from Spain, and the area was considered part of the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas. In 1836, Texians, with a majority of Anglo-American settlers, gained independence from Mexico and formed the Republic of Texas.


Economy In its beginnings, Dallas relied on farming, neighboring Fort Worth's Stockyards, and its prime location on Native American trade routes to sustain itself. Dallas' key to growth came in 1873 with the construction of multiple rail lines through the city. As Dallas grew and technology developed, cotton became its boon and by 1900, Dallas was the largest inland cotton market in the world, becoming a leader in cotton gin machinery manufacturing.

By the early 1900s, Dallas was a hub for economic activity all over the Southern United States and was selected in 1914 as the seat of the Eleventh Federal Reserve District. By 1925, Texas churned out more than ⅓ of the nation's cotton crop, with 31% of Texas cotton produced within a 100-mile (160 km) radius of Dallas. In the 1930s, petroleum was discovered east of Dallas, near Kilgore. Dallas' proximity to the discovery put it immediately at the centre of the nation's petroleum market. Petroleum discoveries in the Permian Basin, the Panhandle, the Gulf Coast, and Oklahoma in the following years further solidified Dallas' position as the hub of the market.

The end of World War II left Dallas seeded with a nexus of communications, engineering, and production talent by companies such as Collins Radio Corporation. Decades later, the telecommunications and information revolutions still drive a large portion of the local economy. The city is sometimes referred to as the heart of "Silicon Prairie" because of a high concentration of telecommunications companies in the region, the epicenter of which lies along the Telecom Corridor in Richardson, a northern suburb of Dallas. The Telecom Corridor is home to more than 5,700 companies including Texas Instruments (headquartered in Dallas), Nortel Networks, Alcatel Lucent, AT&T, Ericsson, Fujitsu, Nokia, Rockwell Collins, Cisco Systems, T-Mobile, Verizon Communications, and CompUSA (which is now headquartered in Miami, Florida). Texas Instruments, a major manufacturer, employs 10,400 people at its corporate headquarters and chip plants in Dallas.

In the 1980s Dallas was a real estate hotbed, with the increasing metropolitan population bringing with it a demand for new housing and office space. Several of Downtown Dallas' largest buildings are the fruit of this boom, but over-speculation, the savings and loan crisis and an oil bust brought the 1980s building boom to an end for Dallas as well as its sister city Houston. Between the late 1980s and the early 2000s, central Dallas went through a slow period of growth. However, since the early 2000s the central core of Dallas has been enjoying steady and significant growth encompassing both repurposing of older commercial buildings in Downtown Dallas into residential and hotel uses, as well as the construction of new office and residential towers. The opening of Klyde Warren Park, built across Woodall Rodgers Freeway seamlessly connecting the central Dallas CBD to Uptown/Victory Park, has acted synergistically with the highly successful Dallas Arts District, so both have become catalysts for significant new development in central Dallas.

The residential real estate market in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex has not only been resilient but has once again returned to a boom status. Dallas and the greater metro area have been leading the nation in apartment construction and net leasing, with rents reaching all-time highs. Single family home sales, whether pre-owned or new construction, along with home price appreciation, were leading the nation since 2015.

A sudden drop in the price of oil, starting in mid-2014 and accelerating throughout 2015, has not significantly affected Dallas and its greater metro area due to the highly diversified nature of its economy. Dallas and the metropolitan region continue to see strong demand for housing, apartment and office leasing, shopping centre space, warehouse and industrial space with overall job growth remaining very robust. Oil-dependent cities and regions have felt significant effects from the downturn, but Dallas's growth has continued unabated, strengthening in 2015. Significant national headquarters relocations to the area (as exemplified by Toyota's decision to leave California and establish its new North American headquarters in the Dallas area) coupled with significant expansions of regional offices for a variety of corporations and along with company relocations to Downtown Dallas helped drive the boom in the Dallas economy. Dallas led Texas's largest cities in Forbes magazine's 2015 ranking of "The Best Place for Business and Careers". In 2020, Dallas ranked No. 2 in Forbes magazine's ranking of "The Best Place for Business and Careers".

The Dallas–Fort Worth area has one of the largest concentrations of corporate headquarters for publicly traded companies in the United States. Fortune Magazine's 2021 annual list of the Fortune 500 in America indicates the city of Dallas had nine Fortune 500 companies, and the DFW region as a whole had 22. As of 2021, Dallas–Fort Worth represents the second-largest concentration of Fortune 500 headquarters in Texas and fourth-largest in the United States, behind the metropolitan areas of Houston (24), Chicago (35) and New York (64).

In 2008, AT&T relocated their headquarters to Downtown Dallas; AT&T is the largest telecommunications company in the world and was the ninth largest company in the nation by revenue for 2017. Additional Fortune 500 companies headquartered in Dallas in order of ranking include Energy Transfer Equity, CBRE (which moved its headquarters from Los Angeles to Dallas in 2020), Tenet Healthcare, Southwest Airlines, Texas Instruments, Jacobs Engineering, HollyFrontier, Dean Foods, and Builders FirstSource. In October 2016, Jacobs Engineering, one of the world's largest engineering companies, relocated from Pasadena, California to Downtown Dallas.

Nearby Irving is home to seven Fortune 500 companies of its own, including ExxonMobil, which is the largest energy oil company in the United States by revenue and market cap, McKesson, the country's largest pharmaceutical distributor and listed at number seven overall on the 2021 Fortune 500 list, Fluor (engineering), Kimberly-Clark, Celanese, Michaels Companies, and Vistra Energy. Plano is home to an additional four Fortune 500 companies, including J.C. Penney, Alliance Data Systems, Yum China, and Dr. Pepper Snapple. Fort Worth is home to two Fortune 500 companies, including American Airlines, the largest airline in the world by revenue, fleet size, profit, passengers carried and revenue passenger mile and D.R. Horton, the largest homebuilder in America. Westlake, TX, north of Fort Worth, now has two Fortune 500 companies: Financial services giant, Charles Schwab, and convenience store distributor, Core-Mark. One Fortune 500 company, GameStop, is based in Grapevine.

Additional major companies headquartered in Dallas and its metro area include Comerica, which relocated its national headquarters to Downtown Dallas from Detroit in 2007, NTT DATA Services, Regency Energy Partners, Atmos Energy, Neiman Marcus, Think Finance, 7-Eleven, Brinker International, Primoris Services, AMS Pictures, id Software, Mary Kay Cosmetics, Chuck E. Cheese's, Zale Corporation, and Fossil, Inc. Many of these companies—and others throughout the DFW metroplex—comprise the Dallas Regional Chamber. Susan G. Komen for the Cure, the world's largest breast cancer organization, was founded and is headquartered in Dallas.

In addition to its large number of businesses, Dallas has more shopping centres per capita than any other city in the United States and is also home to the second shopping centre ever built in the United States, Highland Park Village, which opened in 1931. Dallas is home of the two other major malls in North Texas, the Dallas Galleria and NorthPark Center, which is the second largest mall in Texas. Both malls feature high-end stores and are major tourist draws for the region.

According to Forbes magazine's annual list of "The Richest People in America" published September 21, 2011, the city is home to 17 billionaires, up from 14 in 2009. In 2009 (with 14 billionaires) the city placed sixth worldwide among cities with the most billionaires.

Dallas is the third most popular destination for business travel in the United States, and the Kay Bailey Hutchison Convention Center is one of the largest and busiest convention centres in the country, at over 1,000,000 square feet (93,000 m²), and the world's single-largest column-free exhibit hall. VisitDallas is the 501(c)(6) organisation contracted to promote tourism and attract conventions but an audit released in January 2019 cast doubts on its effectiveness in achieving those goals.


Top publicly traded companies in Dallas for 2017 according to revenues: 1 AT&T; 2 Energy Transfer Equity; 3 Tenet Healthcare; 4 Southwest Airlines; 5 Texas Instruments; 6 Jacobs Engineering; 7 HollyFrontier; 8 Dean Foods; 9 Builders FirstSource.


Education: Universities The Dallas area has a high number of colleges and universities. In addition to those in the city, the surrounding cities also have a number of universities, colleges, trade schools, and other educational institutions. The following describes the universities and their proximity to the city: The Texas Legislature defines all areas in Dallas County and in the Carrollton-Farmers Branch Independent School District as being in the service area of Dallas College (formerly Dallas County Community School District or DCCCD). Areas in Collin County are assigned to Collin College.

Colleges and universities within Dallas city limits • UT Southwestern Medical Center ("UTSW") is a prominent academic medical centre north of downtown Dallas in the Southwestern Medical District, ranked in the top 30 nationally by U.S. News & World Report every year (in both Research and Clinical categories). Six Nobel laureates have been among its faculty, and UTSW was ranked #1 in the world among healthcare institutions in biomedical sciences by Nature in 2019. The main teaching hospital of the university also ranks among the top 3 hospitals in the state of Texas. UTSW is part of the University of Texas System. • Texas Woman's University has operated a nursing school in Dallas at Parkland Memorial Hospital since 1966. The T. Boone Pickens Institute of Health Sciences-Dallas Center (IHSD) was opened in 2011 and is a purpose-built educational facility that replaced the building TWU had used since 1966. TWU also operated an occupational therapy school at Presbyterian Hospital of Dallas from 1977 through 2011 before consolidating those functions into the new IHSD building at Parkland. • Paul Quinn College is a private, historically black college in south-east Dallas. Originally located in Waco, Texas, it moved to Dallas in 1990 and is housed on the campus of the former Bishop College, another private, historically black college. Dallas billionaire and entrepreneur Comer Cottrell, Jr., founder of ProLine Corporation, bought the campus of Bishop College and bequeathed it to Paul Quinn College in 1990 making it the only historically black college in the Dallas area. • The University of North Texas at Dallas is along Houston School Road. In 2009 UNT at Dallas became the first public university within Dallas city limits. The University of North Texas System requested approval from the Texas Legislature and Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board for the state's first new public law school in more than 40 years. The University of North Texas at Dallas College of Law was planned to be based at the Old Municipal Building in Downtown Dallas. • Dallas Baptist University is a private, coeducational university in the Mountain Creek area of south-west Dallas. Originally in Decatur, Texas, the school moved to Dallas in 1965. The school enrolls over 5,600 students, and offers undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral degrees. Popular subjects include Biblical studies, business, and music degrees. DBU has been recognised by the National Council on Teacher Quality for their high-quality teacher preparatory degrees. The school also maintains an Intensive English Program for international students wishing to enhance their knowledge of the English language. The campus is a Tree Campus USA and is recognised as one of the most beautiful university campuses in the Southwest U.S. The school has also become nationally recognised for its baseball team which has made several playoff runs. • Dallas Theological Seminary, also within the city limits, is recognised as one of the leading seminaries in Evangelical Protestantism. Situated 3 miles (5 km) east of Downtown Dallas, it has over 2,000 graduate students and has graduated over 12,000 alumni. • Criswell College is within two blocks of Dallas Theological Seminary. Criswell was started by First Baptist Church of Dallas in the early 1970s. • Dallas College (formerly Dallas County Community College District), the 2-year educational institution of Dallas County, has seven campuses throughout the area with branches in Dallas as well as the surrounding suburbs.

Colleges and universities within Dallas County • Southern Methodist University is a private, coeducational university in University Park, an independent city that, together with the adjacent town of Highland Park, Dallas surrounds entirely. SMU was founded in 1911 by the Southern Methodist Church, and is now run by R. Gerald Turner. According to sources such as the U.S. News & World Report, SMU is the best overall undergraduate college in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex and the third best in the State of Texas. • The University of Texas at Dallas is a part of the University of Texas System. It is in the city of Richardson, about 15 miles (24 km) north of Downtown Dallas. It is in the heart of the Telecom Corridor. UT Dallas is an R1 or Tier-1 University, classified by the Carnegie Commission on Higher Education as a doctoral-granting university with the highest research activity (it is among 115 universities in the US with this classification). UTD was ranked #3 (2013, 2015), #1 (2017), and #2 (2019) in the United States in the Times Higher Education "Young University Rankings" of the best universities that are 50 years old or younger. The university has many collaborative research relationships with UT Southwestern Medical Center. • The University of Dallas, in the suburb of Irving, is an enclave of Roman Catholicism in the majority Protestant religious landscape of Dallas–Fort Worth. St. Albert the Great Dominican Priory and Holy Trinity Seminary are on campus, while the Cistercian Monastery and Cistercian Preparatory School are just north of the UD campus across Texas State Highway 114. The Highlands School, a PK–12 Legionary school, is just west of the UD campus and connects to campus by jogging trails. As a centre for religious study, the Cistercian Monastery continues to be notable for scholastic developments in theology. • Located in Downtown Dallas, El Centro College is the flagship institution of the Dallas County Community College District. El Centro first opened its campus doors in 1966 and now enrolls over 10,000 students. El Centro was the first college of the DCCCD to offer a nursing program and has established relationships with several top-notch hospitals in the Dallas area. The college is also the only campus within DCCCD that offers a Food & Hospitality Program as well as renowned programs in fashion design and fashion marketing.

University Research Center • Texas A&M-Dallas Research and Extension Center

Other area colleges and universities • The University of Texas at Arlington • The University of North Texas in Denton • Texas Woman's University in Denton • Tarleton State University in Fort Worth • University of Phoenix in Dallas, Irving, Plano, Arlington, Hurst, and Cedar Hill • Dallas Christian College in Farmers Branch • Arlington Baptist College • Collin College in Collin County • Remington College in Garland • Remington College in Fort Worth • Texas Christian University • Texas Wesleyan University • University of North Texas Health Science Center at Fort Worth • Austin College in Sherman • Texas A&M University–Commerce • Southwestern Assemblies of God University in nearby Waxahachie • Navarro College in Corsicana • Tarrant County College in Tarrant County

Dallas, Texas, United States 
<b>Dallas, Texas, United States</b>
Image: Adobe Stock Nate Hovee #299670784

Dallas is rated Beta + by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) which evaluates and ranks the relationships between world cities in the context of globalisation. Beta level cities are cities that link moderate economic regions to the world economy.

Dallas is ranked #11 by the Global Urban Competitiveness Report (GUCR) which evaluates and ranks world cities in the context of economic competitiveness. Dallas was ranked #94 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Dallas has a population of over 1,343,573 people. Dallas also forms part of the wider Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington metropolitan area which has a population of over 7,573,136 people. Dallas is the #72 hipster city in the world, with a hipster score of 4.9517 according to the Hipster Index which evaluates and ranks the major cities of the world according to the number of vegan eateries, coffee shops, tattoo studios, vintage boutiques, and record stores. Dallas is ranked #27 for startups with a score of 15.535.

To set up a UBI Lab for Dallas see: https://www.ubilabnetwork.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/UBILabNetwork

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Dallas has links with:

🇨🇿 Brno, Czech Republic 🇨🇳 Dalian, China 🇫🇷 Dijon, France 🇮🇳 Kolkata, India 🇲🇽 Monterrey, Mexico 🇨🇳 Nanjing, China 🇨🇳 Qingdao, China 🇱🇻 Riga, Latvia 🇷🇺 Saratov, Russia 🇯🇵 Sendai, Japan 🇹🇼 Taipei, Taiwan 🇹🇼 Taoyuan, Taiwan 🇨🇳 Tianjin, China 🇪🇸 València, Spain
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license | GaWC | GUCR | Hipster Index | Nomad | StartupBlink

Antipodal to Dallas is: 83.2,-32.767

Locations Near: Dallas -96.8,32.7667

🇺🇸 Irving -96.955,32.824 d: 15.8  

🇺🇸 DeSoto -96.859,32.599 d: 19.4  

🇺🇸 Grand Prairie -96.994,32.742 d: 18.3  

🇺🇸 Mesquite -96.604,32.778 d: 18.4  

🇺🇸 Richardson -96.729,32.955 d: 22  

🇺🇸 Carrollton -96.89,32.961 d: 23.2  

🇺🇸 Garland -96.637,32.914 d: 22.4  

🇺🇸 Arlington -97.079,32.731 d: 26.4  

🇺🇸 Plano -96.695,33.029 d: 30.7  

🇺🇸 Rowlett -96.533,32.9 d: 29  

Antipodal to: Dallas 83.2,-32.767

🇲🇺 Port Mathurin 63.417,-19.683 d: 17571  

🇲🇺 Mahébourg 57.7,-20.407 d: 17142.4  

🇲🇺 Centre de Flacq 57.718,-20.2 d: 17131  

🇲🇺 Curepipe 57.517,-20.317 d: 17120.9  

🇲🇺 Rivière du Rempart 57.633,-20.05 d: 17114.3  

🇲🇺 Goodlands 57.633,-20.033 d: 17113.3  

🇲🇺 Vacoas-Phoenix 57.493,-20.3 d: 17117.8  

🇲🇺 St Pierre 57.517,-20.217 d: 17114.7  

🇲🇺 Quatre Bornes 57.479,-20.266 d: 17114.4  

🇲🇺 Moka 57.496,-20.219 d: 17113  

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