Cubatão, São Paulo, Southeast Region, Brazil


🇧🇷 Cubatão is a city in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, 12 km away from Santos seaport, the largest in Latin America. It is part of the Metropolitan Region of Baixada Santista. It hosts industries, refining oil, steel mills and fertilizers. In the early 1980s, Cubatão was one of the most polluted cities in the world, nicknamed "Valley of Death", due to births of brainless children and respiratory, hepatic and blood illnesses. High air pollution was killing forest over hills around the city. It was ranked the top ten dirtiest cities in the world by Popular Science.

Around 0:00 BRT (3:00 GMT) on Saturday, 25 February 1984, an oil spill set the shantytown Vila Socó on fire, killing 93 people according to official figures of the government, though the actual death toll may be more than 200. The contamination of workers with persistent organic pollutants put the now defunct Rhodia into Greenpeace's top 10 world's worst corporate crimes ever in its report to Rio Summit in 1992.

Strong efforts were made to diminish pollution in the city, costing US$ 1.2 billion so far. Although things have improved a lot, it is impossible to completely clean the soil and groundwater and while many large industries continue to work in such a small area, there will always be some pollution.


Piaçaguera Piaçaguera is a location within the city of Cubatão in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. The Rodovia Cônego Domênico Rangoni highway, formerly known as the Piaçaguera-Guarujá highway, starts there. It connects the Via Anchieta to Guarujá, crossing the Bertioga canal. It is there that the climb through the Serra do Mar escarpment begins by way of the Santos-Jundiaí railway line.

"Piaçaguera" is a term from the Tupi language that means "old port" by way of the conjunction of the two words "peasaba" ("port") and "ûera" ("velho").

Image: Adobe Stock Cifotart #141514779

Cubatão has a population of over 131,626 people. Cubatão also forms part of the wider Baixada Santista Metropolitan Region which has a population of over 1,663,085 people.

To set up a UBI Lab for Cubatão see: Twitter:

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Cubatão has links with:

🇧🇷 Águas de São Pedro, Brazil 🇵🇹 Aveiro, Portugal 🇧🇷 Conchal, Brazil 🇨🇱 Melipilla, Chile 🇧🇷 Peruíbe, Brazil 🇧🇷 Serra Negra, Brazil 🇧🇷 Taquaritinga, Brazil
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

Antipodal to Cubatão is: 133.572,23.893

Locations Near: Cubatão -46.4282,-23.8925

🇧🇷 São Vicente -46.392,-23.963 d: 8.7  

🇧🇷 Praia Grande -46.414,-24 d: 12  

🇧🇷 Santos -46.325,-23.937 d: 11.6  

🇧🇷 Rio Grande da Serra -46.383,-23.733 d: 18.3  

🇧🇷 Ribeirão Pires -46.414,-23.709 d: 20.5  

🇧🇷 Guarujá -46.25,-23.983 d: 20.7  

🇧🇷 Mauá -46.45,-23.667 d: 25.2  

🇧🇷 São Bernardo do Campo -46.566,-23.694 d: 26.1  

🇧🇷 Santo André -46.533,-23.658 d: 28.2  

🇧🇷 Mongaguá -46.617,-24.083 d: 28.6  

Antipodal to: Cubatão 133.572,23.893

🇯🇵 Amami 129.483,28.367 d: 19371.7  

🇯🇵 Nago 127.978,26.592 d: 19377.5  

🇯🇵 Uruma 127.85,26.367 d: 19376.8  

🇯🇵 Ginowan 127.78,26.279 d: 19374.4  

🇯🇵 Okinawa City 127.793,26.343 d: 19372.7  

🇯🇵 Okinawa 127.809,26.409 d: 19371.2  

🇯🇵 Urasoe 127.734,26.254 d: 19371.2  

🇯🇵 Naha 127.702,26.199 d: 19370.7  

🇯🇵 Tomigusuku 127.667,26.15 d: 19369.4  

🇯🇵 Itoman 127.65,26.117 d: 19369.2  

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