Colón, Panama

History | Fort De Lesseps | From 1948 to 1989 | Since late 2014 | Sport | Transport

🇵🇦 Colón is a city and seaport in Panama, beside the Caribbean Sea, lying near the Atlantic entrance to the Panama Canal. It is the capital of Panama's Colón Province and has traditionally been known as Panama's second city. Originally it was located entirely on Manzanillo Island, surrounded by Limon Bay, Manzanillo Bay, and the Folks River; however, since the disestablishment of the Panama Canal Zone, the city's limits have been redefined to include Fort Gulick, a former U.S. Army base, as well the former Panama Canal Zone towns of Cristobal, Margarita, and Coco Solo.


History The city was founded by the United States in 1850 as the Atlantic terminal of the Panama Railroad, then under construction to meet the demand during the California Gold Rush for a fast route to California. For a number of years early in its history, the sizable United States émigré community called the town Aspinwall after Panama Railroad promoter William Henry Aspinwall, while the city's Hispanic community called it Colón in honor of Christopher Columbus. The city was founded on the western end of a treacherously marshy islet known as Manzanillo Island. As part of the construction of the Panama Railroad, the island was connected to the Panamanian mainland by a causeway and part of the island was drained to allow the erection of permanent buildings.

Much of the city was destroyed in the Burning of Colón during the Colombian Civil War of 1885 and again during a massive fire in 1915. The Great Colón Fire of April 13–14, 1940 destroyed one-third of the city.

The 1914 boundary treaty made Colón an exclave of the Republic of Panama entirely surrounded by the Panama Canal Zone. Under the 1936 Hull–Alfaro Treaty, the United States ceded the "Colón Corridor" from the Canal Zone; this was a strip under Panamanian jurisdiction just wide enough to build a road 4 miles (6.4 km) long connecting the city to the main eastern portion of the republic. During Panamanian nationalist unrest from the 1950s onwards, the U. S. military sometimes established checkpoints along the Colón Corridor, feeding the resentment that had led to the unrest.


Fort De Lesseps Fort De Lesseps was a small U.S. Army Coast Artillery Corps fort located at the northern tip of the city. It was named after the canal developer Ferdinand de Lesseps.


From 1948 to 1989 In 1948, the south-eastern corner of Manzanillo Island was designated as the Colón Free Trade Zone. The Free Trade Zone has since been expanded through land reclamation on the Folks River and annexation of parts of France Field (now Enrique Adolfo Jiménez Airport) and Coco Solo.

Politically instigated riots in the 1960s destroyed the city's municipal palace and signaled the start of the city's decline, which was further accelerated by the military dictatorships of Omar Torrijos and Manuel Noriega from 1968 to 1987.


Since late 2014 A massive restoration and reconstruction project, involving parks, avenues and historic buildings and monuments, began in late 2014 and uses the hashtags "#RenovaciónColón", "#CiudadDeColón", "#RenovationColon (Renovation of Colón)" and "#CityOfColon". The First Baptist Church of Colón, Panama, is one of the buildings whose renovation has been completed.


Sport Colón is home to Correcaminos Colon, 2016 Basketball Champion of Panama and member of the FIBA Americas League. The team plays its home games at the Arena Teófilo "Panamá" Al Brown.


Transport The city is served by the Panama Canal Railway and Enrique Adolfo Jiménez Airport.

Panama Time 
Panama Time
Image: Adobe Stock amaiquez #90003255

Colón has a population of over 78,000 people. Colón also forms the centre of the wider Colón Province which has a population of over 294,060 people.

To set up a UBI Lab for Colón see: Twitter:

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Colón has links with:

🇺🇸 Mandeville, USA 🇳🇮 Matagalpa, Nicaragua 🇧🇷 Santos, Brazil
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

Antipodal to Colón is: 100.117,-9.35

Locations Near: Colón -79.8833,9.35

🇵🇦 La Chorrera -79.782,8.879 d: 53.5  

🇵🇦 San Miguelito -79.5,9.033 d: 54.9  

🇵🇦 Panama City -79.52,8.986 d: 56.8  

🇵🇦 Panama -79.517,8.983 d: 57.3  

🇵🇦 Penonomé -80.355,8.519 d: 106  

🇵🇦 Santiago de Veraguas -80.967,8.1 d: 183  

🇵🇦 Bocas del Toro -82.25,9.333 d: 259.7  

🇨🇷 Limón -83.029,9.991 d: 352.1  

🇨🇴 San Andrés -81.708,12.544 d: 407.2  

🇨🇷 Turrialba -83.681,9.89 d: 420.6  

Antipodal to: Colón 100.117,-9.35

🇮🇩 Liwa 104.083,-5.033 d: 19365.7  

🇮🇩 Bengkulu City 102.264,-3.792 d: 19353.1  

🇮🇩 Bengkulu 102.25,-3.783 d: 19352.8  

🇮🇩 Pringsewu 104.961,-5.356 d: 19320.5  

🇮🇩 Bandar Lampung 105.267,-5.45 d: 19300.6  

🇮🇩 Jatinegara 106.167,-6.817 d: 19291.9  

🇮🇩 Cilegon 106.011,-6.003 d: 19266.5  

🇮🇩 Serang 106.15,-6.117 d: 19259.4  

🇮🇩 Ciapus 106.467,-6.267 d: 19236.1  

🇮🇩 Bogor 106.797,-6.597 d: 19218.4  

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