Chesterfield, Derbyshire, England, Great Britain

🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 Chesterfield is a large market town and unparished area in the Borough of Chesterfield in Derbyshire, England, located at the confluence of the River Rother and River Hipper. Its borough, includes Whittington, Brimington and Staveley. It has been traced to a transitory Roman fort of the 1st century CE. The name of the later Anglo-Saxon village comes from the Old English ceaster and feld. It has a sizeable street market three days a week. The town sits on an old coalfield, but little visual evidence of mining remains. Its main landmark is the crooked spire of the Church of St Mary and All Saints.

Economy In the last 30 years the economy around Chesterfield has undergone major change. The employment base has moved from the primary and secondary sectors towards the tertiary. The area sits on an old, large coalfield which had many collieries, including those in outlying areas which were historically part of Chesterfield Rural District: Clay Cross, Arkwright Town, Bolsover, Grassmoor, North Wingfield and Holmewood.

Between 1981 and 2002, 15,000 jobs in the coal industry were lost and not one colliery remains open, although open cast mining took place at Arkwright Town for a few years from November 1993. Many mine sites were restored by a contractor for Derbyshire County Council. Little evidence of mining remains. A cyclists' and walkers' route, the "Five Pits Trail", links some former mines; most are now indistinguishable from the surrounding countryside.

In the town, large factories and major employers have disappeared or relocated. Markham & Co. manufactured tunnel boring machines such as the one used for the Channel Tunnel. It was bought out by Norway's Kvaerner and later merged with Sheffield-based Davy. Its factory on Hollis Lane is now a housing estate; the former offices were turned into flats and serviced office suites. Dema Glass's factory near Lockoford Lane closed; the site is now host to a Tesco Extra and the Proact Stadium, Chesterfield F.C.'s new home ground. GKN closed its factory and the site is being turned into a business park. Other companies have downsized sharply. Robinson's, makers of paper-based packaging, divested its health-care interests, which led to a marked fall in the workforce and facilities in Chesterfield. Trebor, once based on Brimington Road near Chesterfield railway station, merged with Bassetts sweets of Sheffield, was later taken over by Cadbury and relocated to a modern unit at Holmewood business park. The earlier factory has been demolished and the site awaits development.

Chesterfield Cylinders relocated to a smaller site in Sheffield. Chesterfield Cylinder's Derby Road site, is now Alma Leisure Park, which includes a Nuffield Health Club, Cineworld, Frankie & Benny's, McDonald's, a Harvester Pub and a Nando's. Their former factory on Derby Road is now Spire Walk Business Park, a B&Q Mini-warehouse, a Toys-R-Us and Chesterfield's new fire station.

Manufacturing employment has fallen by a third since 1991, though the proportion of employees in manufacturing is still above the national average, underlining how critical it has been to Chesterfield. Today, smaller firms are found on several industrial estates, the largest being at Sheepbridge. Business located on the estate includes SIG plc subsidiary Warren Insulations, Franke Sisons Ltd (founded in 1784 in Sheffield and among the first to manufacture stainless steel kitchen sinks in the 1930s), Rhodes Group and Chesterfield Felt.

Between the A61 and Brimington Road there is a 40-acre (160,000 m2) development site resulting from Arnold Laver relocating to a modern sawmill at Halfway, on the Sheffield border. The former sawmill has been demolished, with outline planning permission given for a mixed residential and commercial development to be called Chesterfield Waterside, built around a new marina at the end of the Chesterfield Canal, which currently terminates at an adjacent weir.

There is a Morrisons on the junction of Chatsworth Road (A619) and Walton Road (A632), a Sainsburys on Rother Way (A619 for Staveley), and a Tesco Extra on the junction of the A619 and A61 (known locally as Tesco Roundabout). The Institute of Business Advisers is based on Queen Street North. Chesterfield Royal Hospital is on the A632 towards Calow and Bolsover. It has the only accident and emergency department in Derbyshire outside Derby.

Peak FM broadcast from Sheepbridge on 107.4 MHz FM and 102 MHz FM via the nearby Chesterfield transmitting station until September 2020, in which it was renamed to Greatest Hits Radio North Derbyshire, taking programming from the network. The transmitting site also hosts BBC Radio Sheffield on 94.7 MHz FM. DAB transmissions for Chesterfield come from there, but only Digital One is currently broadcast. The local television stations are ITV Yorkshire, BBC Yorkshire and Sheffield Live TV, both transmitted from Leeds and Sheffield. Also in the town are the headquarters of the Derbyshire Times, the local newspaper, which does not cover all of the county. Spire Radio serves the local community, broadcasting online.

The Chesterfield and North Derbyshire Branch of the RSPCA is located in the town, and serves the North East Derbyshire area. The centre, which is not government funded, holds money-raising events that include a summer Dog Show.

The town's biggest employer is now the "Royal Mail/Post Office" administration department in newly built offices on the edge of the town centre. The Royal Mail's Pensions Service Centre is near the town in Boythorpe Road, in Rowland Hill House, which also serves other administrative functions. There is a Post Office Ltd building in the town at West Bars called Future Walk. Formerly this was Chetwynd House, now demolished and replaced by the new building.

Chesterfield, Derbyshire, England, Great Britain 
<b>Chesterfield, Derbyshire, England, Great Britain</b>
Image: Jon Bennett

Chesterfield has a population of over 88,480 people. Chesterfield also forms one of the centres of the wider Sheffield metropolitan area which has a population of over 1,570,000 people. It is estimated there are around 3,695 businesses in Chesterfield

Twin Towns – Sister Cities Chesterfield is twinned with: 🇩🇪 Darmstadt, Germany; 🇫🇷 Troyes, France; 🇨🇳 Yangquan, Shanxi province, China; 🇳🇦 Tsumeb, Namibia.

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