Caruaru, Pernambuco, Northeast Region, Brazil

History | Geography | Economy

🇧🇷 Caruaru is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Pernambuco. The most populous city in the interior of the state, Caruaru is located in the microzone of Agreste and because of its cultural importance, it is nicknamed Capital do Agreste, Princesinha do Agreste, and Capital do Forró.

The city is located 140 kilometers (87 miles) from the state capital of Recife, which has an international airport. However, Caruaru has its own airport. Caruaru is renowned for its extensive Festival de São João ("Saint John's Festival"), which takes up the whole month of June, sometimes extending into July. Caruaru is the hometown, among others, of Álvaro Lins, Brazilian journalist, and Lieutenant Brigadier Reginaldo dos Santos, former dean of the Brazilian Technological Institute for Aeronautics.


History The lands that today comprise the city of Caruaru were originally a cattle ranch owned by family Nunes dos Bezerros. This name was given because of the proximity of the farm to the Bezerros chapel. Some orphans used to live with the Nunes family. One of them, José Rodrigues de Jesus, inherited part of the estate, staying at the location that would later be named Caruaru. There he built a chapel dedicated to the Immaculate Conception. A village started to grow around this chapel. In 1846, Friar Euzébio de Sales started to build the parish named Igreja Matriz, nowadays a cathedral. In later years, the church was rebuilt twice, the last one in 1883. The geographical position benefited the city, because it was a necessary stopover in the transportation of cattle to the interior of the state.


Geography • State: Pernambuco • Region: Agreste of Pernambuco • Bordering municipalities: Toritama, Vertentes, Frei Miguelinho and Taquaritinga do Norte (N); Altinho and Agrestina (S); Brejo da Madre de Deus and São Caetano (W); Bezerros and Riacho das Almas (E) • Area: 920.61 km² (355.45 square miles) • Elevation: 554 m (1,818 ft) • Hydrography: Capibaribe, Ipojuca and Una rivers • Vegetation: Hypoxerophilous Caatinga • Climate: Semi-arid • Mean annual temperature: 23.5 °C (74.3 °F) • Main road: BR-232 • Distance to Recife - 140 km • Distance to Gravatá - 48 km.


Economy The main economic activities in Caruaru are industry (especially textiles), tourism, commerce, and handicraft, and the primary sector, especially the raising of goats, chickens, and cattle, and the production of milk. Agricultural activity in the Caruaru area also includes beans, cassava, and maize. Caruaru also hosts one of the biggest open-air traditional handicrafts markets of Brazil, the Feira de Caruaru.

Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil 
Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil
Image: Photo by Denys Barabanov on Unsplash

Caruaru has a population of over 401,109 people. Caruaru also forms the centre of the wider Agreste District which has a population of over 642,002 people. It is also a part of the larger Pernambuco state.

To set up a UBI Lab for Caruaru see: Twitter:

Twin Towns - Sister Cities Caruaru has links with:

🇵🇹 Vila Nova de Famalicão, Portugal
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

Antipodal to Caruaru is: 143.966,8.292

Locations Near: Caruaru -36.0339,-8.29221

🇧🇷 Santa Cruz do Capibaribe -36.2,-7.95 d: 42.2  

🇧🇷 Limoeiro -35.45,-7.875 d: 79.3  

🇧🇷 Garanhuns -36.483,-8.883 d: 82.2  

🇧🇷 Vitória de Santo Antão -35.292,-8.116 d: 83.9  

🇧🇷 Carpina -35.255,-7.846 d: 99.1  

🇧🇷 Cabo de Santo Agostinho -35.028,-8.288 d: 110.7  

🇧🇷 Jaboatão dos Guararapes -35.016,-8.112 d: 113.8  

🇧🇷 São Lourenço da Mata -35.017,-8 d: 116.6  

🇧🇷 Campina Grande -35.891,-7.224 d: 119.8  

🇧🇷 Camaragibe -34.986,-7.994 d: 120  

Antipodal to: Caruaru 143.966,8.292

🇬🇺 Hagåtña 144.746,13.467 d: 19433.4  

🇬🇺 Tamuning 144.767,13.483 d: 19431.3  

🇬🇺 Dededo 144.836,13.515 d: 19426.6  

🇲🇵 Saipan 145.753,15.189 d: 19224  

🇵🇼 Ngerulmud 134.627,7.487 d: 18982.6  

🇮🇩 Jayapura 140.72,-2.529 d: 18759.2  

🇮🇩 Manokwari 134.083,-0.867 d: 18519.4  

🇵🇬 Mount Hagen 144.22,-5.865 d: 18440.7  

🇫🇲 Palikir 158.15,6.917 d: 18444.4  

🇫🇲 Kolonia 158.212,6.952 d: 18438.1  

Bing Map

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