🇧🇪 Brussels, officially the Brussels-Capital Region, is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the capital of Belgium. The Brussels-Capital Region is located in the central portion of the country and is a part of both the French Community of Belgium and the Flemish Community, but is separate from the Flemish Region and the Walloon Region. Brussels is the richest region in Belgium in terms of GDP per capita. The metropolitan area of Brussels is also part of a large conurbation extending towards Ghent, Antwerp, Leuven and Walloon Brabant.
Brussels is an important city-region in Europe. It is a major centre for international politics and home to numerous international organisations, politicians, diplomats and civil servants. Brussels is the de facto capital of the European Union, as it hosts a number of principal EU institutions, including its administrative-legislative, executive-political, and legislative branches. The secretariat of the Benelux and headquarters of NATO are also located in Brussels. As the economic capital of Belgium and one of the top financial centres of Western Europe. Brussels is a hub for rail, road and air traffic, sometimes earning the moniker "Crossroads of Europe". Its airport and railway stations are the largest and busiest in the country.
The Brussels-Capital Region is officially bilingual in French and Dutch, with English spoken as a second language by nearly a third of the population.
Brussels is known for its cuisine and gastronomy, as well as its historical and architectural landmarks; some of them are registered as UNESCO World Heritage sites. Main attractions include its historic Grand Place, Manneken Pis, the Atomium, and cultural institutions such as La Monnaie/De Munt and the Museums of Art and History. Due to its long tradition of Belgian comics, Brussels is also hailed as a capital of the comic strip.
Economy Further information: Economy of Belgium Serving as the centre of administration for Belgium and Europe, Brussels' economy is largely service-oriented. It is dominated by regional and world headquarters of multinationals, by European institutions, by various local and federal administrations, and by related services companies, though it does have a number of notable craft industries, such as the Cantillon Brewery, a lambic brewery founded in 1900.
Brussels' Northern Quarter business district Brussels has a robust economy. The region contributes to one fifth of Belgium's GDP, and its 550,000 jobs account for 17.7% of Belgium's employment. Its GDP per capita is nearly double that of Belgium as a whole, and it has the highest GDP per capita of any NUTS 1 region in the EU, at ~$80,000 in 2016.
There are approximately 50,000 businesses in Brussels, of which around 2,200 are foreign. This number is constantly increasing and can well explain the role of Brussels in Europe. The city's infrastructure is very favourable in terms of starting up a new business. Brussels holds more than 1,000 business conferences annually, making it the ninth most popular conference city in Europe.
The Brussels Stock Exchange, abbreviated to BSE, now called Euronext Brussels, is part of the European stock exchange Euronext N.V., along with Paris Bourse, Lisbon Stock Exchange and Amsterdam Stock Exchange. Its benchmark stock market index is the BEL20.
Brussels is rated Alpha by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) which evaluates and ranks the relationships between world cities in the context of globalisation. Alpha level cities are linked to major economic states and regions and into the world economy.
Brussels is the #27 city in the world according to the Global Power City Index (GPCI) which evaluates and ranks the major cities of the world according to their magnetism, or their comprehensive power to attract people, capital, and enterprises from around the world. It does so through measuring six key functions: Economy, Research and Development, Cultural Interaction, Liveability, Environment, and Accessibility.
Brussels is the #30 city in the world according to the Global Financial Centres Index (GFCI) which evaluates and ranks the competitiveness of the major financial centres of the world according to a wide range of criteria – Human Capital, Business, Finance, Infrastructure and Reputation.
Brussels is ranked #71 and rated B by the Global Urban Competitiveness Report (GUCR) which evaluates and ranks world cities in the context of economic competitiveness. B cities are international hub cities. Brussels was ranked #434 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Brussels has a population of over 1,211,035 people. Brussels also forms part of the wider Brussels metropolitan area which has a population of over 2,548,941 people. Brussels is the #219 hipster city in the world, with a hipster score of 3.3501 according to the Hipster Index which evaluates and ranks the major cities of the world according to the number of vegan eateries, coffee shops, tattoo studios, vintage boutiques, and record stores.
Twin Towns – Sister Cities Twin towns and sister cities Brussels is twinned with the following cities: 🇯🇵 Aichi Prefecture, Japan; 🇺🇸 Atlanta, United States; 🇨🇳 Beijing, China; 🇩🇪 Berlin, Germany; 🇧🇷 Brasília, Brazil; 🇳🇱 Breda, Netherlands; 🇲🇦 Casablanca, Morocco; 🇨🇩 Kinshasa, DR Congo; 🇺🇦 Kyiv, Ukraine; 🇸🇮 Ljubljana, Slovenia; 🇲🇴 Macau; 🇪🇸 Madrid, Spain; 🇨🇦 Montreal, Canada; 🇷🇺 Moscow, Russia; 🇨🇿 Prague, Czech Republic; 🇦🇱 Tirana, Albania; 🇺🇸 Washington D.C., United States.