Braunschweig or Brunswick is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany, north of the Harz Mountains at the farthest navigable point of the Oker River, which connects it to the North Sea via the Aller and Weser Rivers. A powerful and influential centre of commerce in medieval Germany, Brunswick was a member of the Hanseatic League from the 13th until the 17th century. Today, Brunswick is the second-largest city in Lower Saxony and a major centre of scientific research and development. In 2015, the German weekly business news magazine Wirtschaftswoche ranked Braunschweig as one of the most dynamic economic spaces in all of Germany.
Current factories in the city include Volkswagen, Siemens, Bombardier Transportation, and Bosch. The fashion label NewYorker, the publishing house Westermann Verlag, Nordzucker, Volkswagen Financial Services and Volkswagen Bank have their headquarters in the city as well as the Volkswagen utility vehicle holding.
Braunschweig is the home of two piano companies, both known world-wide for the high quality of their instruments: Schimmel and Grotrian-Steinweg. Both companies were founded in the 19th century. Additionally Sandberg Guitars is based in Braunschweig.
Braunschweig is twinned with: Bandung, Indonesia, • Nîmes, France, • Bath, England, • Sousse, Tunisia, • Kiryat Tiv'on, Israel, • Magdeburg, Germany, • Kazan, Russia, • Omaha, United States, • Zhuhai, China.
Braunschweig has a population of over 251,364 people. Braunschweig also forms part of the wider Hannover-Braunschweig-Göttingen-Wolfsburg metropolitan area which has a population of over 3,900,000 people. Braunschweig is the #200 hipster city in the world, with a hipster score of 3.4809 according to the Hipster Index which evaluates and ranks the major cities of the world according to the number of vegan eateries, coffee shops, tattoo studios, vintage boutiques, and record stores per 100,000 city residents.