Bowdoin is a town in Sagadahoc County, Maine, United States. It is part of the Portland–South Portland–Biddeford, Maine metropolitan statistical area. Bowdoin developed as an agricultural town, raising sheep and producing apples, wheat, hay and potatoes. Other industries included an ice company, sawmill, gristmill, carding mill and brickyard. Since 1993, alpacas have been raised in the town. The town is served by U.S. Route 201 and State Routes 138 and 125. It borders the towns of Lisbon and Sabattus to the west, Litchfield to the north, Richmond and Bowdoinham to the east, and Topsham to the south.
Bowdoin Center has a population of over 3,061 people. Bowdoin Center also forms part of the wider Portland-South Portland-Biddeford metropolitan area which has a population of over 623,365 people.