Bogra, Rajshahi Division, Bangladesh

History | Geography | Economy | Transport | Tourist Industry

🇧🇩 Bogra, officially known as Bogura, is a major city located in the Bogra District, Rajshahi Division, Bangladesh. It is a major commercial hub in Northern Bangladesh. The Bogra bridge connects the Rajshahi Division and Rangpur Division. It is the second largest city in Rajshahi Division. The city is divided into 21 wards. Bogra is one of the oldest cities in Bengal, Bogra is famous for its many ancient Buddhist stupas, Hindu temples, and ancient palaces of Buddhist kings and Muslim sultans.

History Bogra is considered the oldest city of Bengal, dating to the reign of the Great Emperor Ashoka, who ruled India from 268 to 232 BCE. When Ashoka conquered the Bengal (Bongo) region, he founded Bogra and called it Pundra Bardhan. This is supported by the discovery in October 2008 of an ancient engraved stone believed to be produced in the Gupta era near Sura Mosque at Ghoraghat Upazila in Dinajpur.

Bogra has been a transportation, cultural and economic hub for thousands of years. In the early 800AD, it was a core place of doing business through the Karatoya River(A sub-river of Bangali River, not to be confused with the Large Karatoya River). By 1200 AD it had also become an important geopolitical centre for spreading Islam through the Mahasthangarh. In the late fiftieth century, it became a statistical trade area by the British East India Company.

In the late seventh century, the British East India Company gave control of the area to Nowab & Shatani families, who still are two of the most reputed family in the city.

During the Bangladesh War of Independence, the area witnessed the Battle of Bogra, a fierce conflict between the guerrilla units of the Bangladesh Forces under Sector 7 and the Pakistan Army.

Geography First formed in 1821, the administrative district of Bogra contains an area of 1,359 sq mi (3,520 km²).

The principal rivers in the district are formed by the different channels of the Brahmaputra. The rivers have local names such as the Konai, the Daokoba, and the Jamuna. The latter forms a portion of the eastern boundary of the district. The Brahmaputra and its channels, together with three minor streams, the Bangali, Karatoya, and Atrai, drive the thriving commercial activities in the area.

In 1911 the Karatoya (which flows from north to south), divided the district into two portions, the eastern tract with rich alluvial soil, subject to fertilizing inundations, yielded heavy crops of coarse rice, oil seeds, and jute, while the soil of the higher western portion of the district allowed for growing rice.

Economy Since the 2009 adoption of new urban planning, there has been a significant development in the infrastructure of Bogra. This includes the restructuring and widening of roads, improvement of telecommunications infrastructure, and the installation of underground gas connections.

Additionally, red chlili production in Bogra is a major industry, with companies such as Square, Acme, and BD Food collecting red chilli from twelve centres within Bogra.

Often called the "Town of Banks", Bogra is the location of numerous online banking facilities, credit card, debit card, and remittance companies. Banking in Bogra has significantly expanded with the presence of government banks such as the Bangladesh Bank (Central Bank), Sonali Bank, Rupali Bank, Janata Bank, Rajshahi Krishi Unnayan Bank, Bangladesh Development Bank Ltd., Uttara Bank Ltd, and Agrani Bank, as well as a number of private and specialized banks, including Pubali Bank, National Bank, IFIC bank Ltd., Citi Bank Ltd., and others.

Bogra is also home to an increasing number of IT, software, technology, and computer services companies. One of the milestones of its tech sector occurred in 2008 when the French Grameen Group and Groupe Danone entered into a joint venture with a local company to establish an organisation named Grameen Danone.

Statistically, Bogra's workforce is still dominated by jobs in the agriculture sector (29.95%) and agricultural manufacturing (12.53%). They are followed by general commerce (18.11%), customer service (15.62%), transportation (6.66%), wage labor (2.2%), and other industries (14.93%).

Transport Bogra is also known as the gateway of North-Bengal due to its communication capabilities. Bogra has several railway stations and bus terminals (Charmatha Bus Turninal, Thantahnia Bus Turninal, BRTC Bus Turninal, Haddipotti Bus Turninal). It has one of the best inter district communication. Usually people come from 20-45km to the city to do their day job. Only a handful of cities in Bangladesh has this type of communication infrastructure. People use both Train & Bus communication to visit the city everyday. Bus & CNG is the most crucial communication method for most citizen.

Almost every school has bus services (except Bogra Zilla School & Bogra Victoria Manorial School), this helps the city to have less traffic jam then most others cities in rush hours. It has also the most 2ed highest number of Rickshaw in the country. It also has the highest number of private car in North-Bengal (Approximately 65% of the whole North-Bengal region).

Bogra has always been the key transportation hub for Bangladesh & North-Bengal. As before the 80's & 90's all Trucks & Buses in North-Bengal needed to pass though Bogra to go to their desired destination. Thus Bogra has one of the biggest Motor-laybor Union in the country.

Tourist Industry Bogra is home to Mahasthangarh, the earliest known urban archaeological site in Bangladesh, as well as the village of Mahasthan in Shibganj thana of Bogra District. This site contains the remains of Pundranagara (or Paundravardhanapura), an ancient city in the territory of Pundravardhana. This place is considered sacred to Buddhists, Muslims, and Hindus alike. Pilgrims and visitors tour the area all year round.

The Behular Bashor Ghor is a popular tourist attraction in the city and is close to other popular spots and monuments such as the Mahasthangar, Nawab Palace (called Neelkuthi during the British period), Kherua Mosque (Sherpur Upazila), Bara Mosque, Mazar of Shah Sultan Balkhi, Mazar of Panchpir, Gokul Medh, Palace of Parshuram, Basu Bihara, Palli Unnayan Academy, Saudia City Park, Bhimer Jangle, Museum of Nawab Bari Palace, Wonderland Shishupark (a children's park), Shanewaz Shishubagan, Woodburn Park, Dreshtinandan Park, Bijayangan (the War of Liberation museum), and the Jaina Temple.

Image: RockyMasum

Bogra is rated E by the Global Urban Competitiveness Report (GUCR) which evaluates and ranks world cities in the context of economic competitiveness. E cities are regional gateway cities. Bogra has a population of over 540,000 people. Bogra also forms the centre of the wider Bogra District which has a population of over 3,734,300 people. It is also a part of the larger Rajshahi Division.

To set up a UBI Lab for Bogra see: Twitter:

Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license | GUCR

Antipodal to Bogra is: -90.635,-24.848

Locations Near: Bogra 89.3649,24.8476

🇧🇩 Bogura 89.367,24.85 d: 0.3  

🇧🇩 Sherpur 89.419,24.665 d: 21  

🇧🇩 Dupchanchia 89.167,24.867 d: 20.1  

🇧🇩 Joypur Hāt 89.022,25.094 d: 44.2  

🇧🇩 Naogaon 88.933,24.8 d: 43.9  

🇧🇩 Sirajganj 89.698,24.456 d: 55  

🇧🇩 Pirganj 89.317,25.4 d: 61.6  

🇧🇩 Jamalpur 89.941,24.916 d: 58.6  

🇧🇩 Sherpur 90,25 d: 66.2  

🇮🇳 Balurghat 88.76,25.22 d: 73.7  

Antipodal to: Bogra -90.635,-24.848

🇵🇪 Pisco -76.2,-13.717 d: 18061.6  

🇵🇪 Ica -75.733,-14.067 d: 18048.7  

🇵🇪 Chincha Alta -76.133,-13.45 d: 18036.5  

🇵🇪 Callao -77.15,-12.067 d: 18007.4  

🇵🇪 San Isidro -77.033,-12.083 d: 18000.1  

🇵🇪 Lima -77.033,-12.05 d: 17997.4  

🇵🇪 Villa El Salvador -77,-12.05 d: 17994.9  

🇵🇪 Ancón -77.15,-11.733 d: 17980.2  

🇵🇪 Chimbote -78.583,-9.067 d: 17845.2  

🇵🇪 Huancayo -75.211,-12.075 d: 17859.3  

Bing Map

Option 1