Berwick-upon-Tweed, sometimes known as Berwick-on-Tweed or just Berwick, is a town and civil parish in the county of Northumberland. It is the northernmost town in England. It is located at the mouth of the River Tweed on the east coast, 21⁄2 miles (4 kilometres) south of the Scottish border. Berwick is located on the North Sea. Berwick is civil parish and town council comprising the communities of Berwick, Spittal and Tweedmouth.
Berwick was founded as an Anglo-Saxon settlement during the time of the Kingdom of Northumbria, which was annexed by England in the 10th century .Many Berwickers feel a close affinity to Scotland. Both Berwick Rangers Football Club and Berwick Rugby Football Club play in Scottish leagues.
Berwick remains a traditional market town and also has some notable architectural features, in particular its medieval town walls, its Georgian Town Hall, its Elizabethan ramparts, and Britain's earliest barracks buildings, which Nicholas Hawksmoor built (1717–1721) for the Board of Ordnance.
Slightly more than 60% of the population is employed in the service sector, including shops, hotels and catering, financial services and most government activity, including health care. Some current and recent Berwick economic activities include salmon fishing, shipbuilding, engineering, saw-milling, fertiliser production, malting and the manufacture of tweed and hosiery.
Berwick town centre comprises the Mary Gate and High Street where many local shops and some retail chains exist. A new office development has been built in the Walker Gate beside the library which combined space with the Northumberland Adult Learning Centre and Tourism centre.[
There is a retail park in Tweedmouth recently consisting of a Home Base, Farm Foods, Marks and Spencer, Argos, Next, Carpet Right, Currys PC World, and Poundland. A Travelodge UK is situated on Loaning Meadows close to the outskirts of the town near the current A1.
Berwick-upon-Tweed has a population of over 12,043 people.