Bento Gonçalves, Rio Grande do Sul, South Region, Brazil

History | Economy | Geography | Tourist Industry

🇧🇷 Bento Gonçalves is a municipality located in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Created in 1875, it is one of the centres of the Italian immigration in Brazil. It is also known as the 'wine capital of Brazil' due to its vineyards and wine production.


History Before 1870, the area where the city is located (then known as Cruzinha) was inhabited, as the rest of the region, by Indigenous people of the "jê" tribe.

In 1875, the Brazilian government created, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, four settlements to receive Italian immigrants. In the Cruzinha area, a settlement was created called Dona Isabel. "Dona Isabel" received the first 25 families of Italian settlers in that same year. They mostly came from the region of Trento.

During the next few decades, the region was settled by immigrants coming mostly from the Italian regions of Veneto, Trentino, and Lombardia.

In 1890, Dona Isabel was elevated to the category of city, changing its name to Bento Gonçalves (named after the military leader of the Ragamuffin War).

The Italian immigrants mostly worked in grape and wine production.

During the first few decades of the 20th century, the city continued to receive immigrants. Besides the Italians, there were large groups of Polish, German, Swedish, French, and Spanish immigrants. At that time, there were already some functioning wine factories and the furniture and metallurgic industry was just starting to take off.

The railways arrived at the city in 1919, helping to connect it with the capital of the state, Porto Alegre, and facilitating the transport of the city's economic production. There were regular passenger trains running until 1976; however, today the railways are used mostly to transport goods.

The electric light distribution system was installed between 1919 and 1927. The Bartolomeu Tacchini Hospital was built during the same period.

In 1950, the population was 22,600. Industrial activity expanded, especially in the wine, furniture, leather, chemical, metal, and mechanical sectors.

In 1967, the city organized the first National Wine Festival (Fenavinho), receiving, for the first time, a visit from a Brazilian President.

The city started to organize and receive many important national and international events. It is now home to the second largest exposition park in Latin America. Among these events are the Movelsul (Furniture Fair), FIMMA Brasil (Furniture Machinery Fair), Vino Brasil (Wine Machinery Fair), Avaliação Nacional de Vinhos (National Wine Assessment), Fenavinho e Expobento (Commercial Fair).


Economy Bento Gonçalves is among the ten largest economies in Rio Grande do Sul. It is the largest producer of wine in Brazil and has the second largest furniture production industry in the country. It also has important metal, mechanical, plastic, and chemical industries. It has the highest Human Development Index of Rio Grande do Sul and the sixth among all Brazilian cities - 0,870 (PNUD/2000).


Geography The average elevation of Bento Gonçalves is 690 meters above the sea level. Summers are warm and winters are mild. During the climatic winter frosts are common and snow is rare. The highest temperature officially recorded in the city was 36 °C and the lowest was -4,5 °C.


Tourist Industry The Maria Fumaça steam locomotive offers tourist trips in the rolling countryside of Bento Gonçalves, Garibaldi and Carlos Barbosa.

Museums about the Italian heritage of the city include the Epopéia Italiana.

The city is also part of Vale dos Vinhedos, a region with 82 km square located at the limits of Garibaldi, Monte Belo do Sul and Bento Gonçalves. Many restaurants and wineries can be found at Vale dos Vinhedos, making the region a well known enotourism route in Brazil.

Bento Gonçalves. Vista panorâmica da varanda do Hotel Mont Blanc. 
Bento Gonçalves. Vista panorâmica da varanda do Hotel Mont Blanc.
Image: HMFS

Bento Gonçalves has a population of over 121,803 people. Bento Gonçalves also forms one of the centres of the wider Rio Grande do Sul state which has a population of over 11,422,973 people.

To set up a UBI Lab for Bento Gonçalves see: Twitter:

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Bento Goncalves has links with:

🇮🇹 Brentonico, Italy 🇵🇹 Cartaxo, Portugal 🇮🇹 Isera, Italy 🇦🇷 Luján de Cuyo, Argentina 🇮🇹 Mori, Italy 🇮🇹 Nogaredo, Italy 🇮🇹 Rovereto, Italy 🇮🇹 Terragnolo, Italy 🇮🇹 Trambileno, Italy 🇮🇹 Villa Lagarina, Italy
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

North of: -29.174

🇧🇷 Caxias do Sul -29.168

🇧🇷 Caxias -29.168

🇦🇷 Goya -29.133

🇿🇦 Bloemfontein -29.118

🇱🇸 Hlotse -28.867

🇦🇺 Lismore -28.815

🇿🇦 Richards Bay -28.751

🇿🇦 Empangeni -28.75

🇿🇦 Kimberley -28.738

🇿🇦 Sol Plaatje -28.738

South of: -29.174

🇦🇷 Reconquista -29.233

🇧🇷 Farroupilha -29.234

🇿🇦 iLembe -29.273

🇱🇸 Maseru -29.308

🇿🇦 KwaDukuza -29.333

🇦🇷 Ciudad de La Rioja -29.4

🇪🇸 La Rioja -29.413

🇦🇷 La Rioja -29.413

🇧🇷 Lajeado -29.467

🇿🇦 Howick -29.467

West of: -51.519

🇧🇷 Dracena -51.533

🇧🇷 Três Lagoas -51.667

🇬🇱 Nuuk -51.694

🇧🇷 Ivaiporã -51.75

🇧🇷 Jataí -51.817

🇧🇷 Santana -51.85

🇧🇷 Sarandi -51.867

🇧🇷 Maringá -51.917

🇧🇷 Lajeado -51.95

🇧🇷 São Félix do Xingu -51.983

Antipodal to Bento Gonçalves is: 128.482,29.174

Locations Near: Bento Gonçalves -51.5185,-29.1742

🇧🇷 Farroupilha -51.35,-29.234 d: 17.7  

🇧🇷 Caxias do Sul -51.179,-29.168 d: 32.9  

🇧🇷 Caxias -51.179,-29.168 d: 32.9  

🇧🇷 Montenegro -51.45,-29.683 d: 57  

🇧🇷 Lajeado -51.95,-29.467 d: 53  

🇧🇷 Novo Hamburgo -51.128,-29.683 d: 68.1  

🇧🇷 Campo Bom -51.05,-29.667 d: 71.1  

🇧🇷 São Leopoldo -51.149,-29.772 d: 75.4  

🇧🇷 Sapucaia do Sul -51.146,-29.842 d: 82.5  

🇧🇷 Canoas -51.183,-29.915 d: 88.6  

Antipodal to: Bento Gonçalves 128.482,29.174

🇯🇵 Amami 129.483,28.367 d: 19882.5  

🇯🇵 Nago 127.978,26.592 d: 19723.7  

🇯🇵 Okinawa 127.809,26.409 d: 19700.5  

🇯🇵 Uruma 127.85,26.367 d: 19696.8  

🇯🇵 Okinawa City 127.793,26.343 d: 19693.1  

🇯🇵 Ginowan 127.78,26.279 d: 19685.8  

🇯🇵 Urasoe 127.734,26.254 d: 19682.2  

🇯🇵 Hioki 130.367,31.6 d: 19690.3  

🇯🇵 Naha 127.702,26.199 d: 19675.5  

🇯🇵 Makishi 127.667,26.2 d: 19674.8  

Bing Map

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