🇨🇳 Beijing, 北京, alternatively romanised as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China. It is the world's most populous national capital city. It is located in Northern China, and is governed as a municipality under the direct administration of the State Council with 16 urban, suburban, and rural districts. Beijing is mostly surrounded by Hebei Province with the exception of neighbouring Tianjin to the south-east; together, the three divisions form the Jingjinji megalopolis and the national capital region of China.
Beijing is a global city and one of the world's leading centres for culture, diplomacy and politics, business and economics, education, language, and science and technology. A mega-city, Beijing is the second largest Chinese city by urban population and is the nation's cultural, educational, and political centre. It is home to the headquarters of most of China's largest state-owned companies and houses the largest number of Fortune Global 500 companies in the world, as well as the world's four biggest financial institutions by total assets. Beijing is the "billionaire capital of the world" with the highest number of billionaires living in the city. It is also a major hub for the national highway, expressway, railway, and high-speed rail networks. The Beijing Capital International Airport has been the second busiest in the world by passenger traffic since 2010, and, as of 2016, the city's subway network is the busiest and longest in the world. The Beijing Daxing International Airport, a second international airport in Beijing, is the largest single-structure airport terminal in the world.
Combining both modern and traditional style architectures, Beijing is one of the oldest cities in the world, with a rich history dating back over three millennia. As the last of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China, Beijing has been the political centre of the country for most of the past eight centuries, and was the largest city in the world by population for much of the second millennium AD. With mountains surrounding the inland city on three sides, in addition to the old inner and outer city walls, Beijing was strategically poised and developed to be the residence of the emperor and thus was the perfect location for the imperial capital. The city is renowned for its opulent palaces, temples, parks, gardens, tombs, walls and gates. It has seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites—the Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Summer Palace, Ming Tombs, Zhoukoudian, and parts of the Great Wall and the Grand Canal—all of which are popular tourist locations. Siheyuans, the city's traditional housing style, and hutongs, the narrow alleys between siheyuans, are major tourist attractions and are common in urban Beijing.
Many of Beijing's 91 universities consistently rank among the best in the Asia-Pacific and the world. Beijing is home to the two best C9 League universities (Tsinghua and Peking) in the Asia-Pacific and emerging countries. Beijing CBD is a centre for Beijing's economic expansion, with the ongoing or recently completed construction of multiple skyscrapers. Beijing's Zhongguancun area is a world leading centre of scientific and technological innovation as well as entrepreneurship. Beijing has been ranked the No.1 city in the world with the largest scientific research output as tracked by the Nature Index since 2016. The city has hosted numerous international and national sporting events, the most notable being the 2008 Summer Olympics and 2008 Summer Paralympics Games. Beijing will become the first city ever to host both the Summer and Winter Olympics, and also the Summer and Winter Paralympics. Beijing hosts 175 foreign embassies as well as the headquarters of many organisations, including the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Silk Road Fund, the Chinese Academy of Science, the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and Red Cross Society of China.
Due to the concentration of state owned enterprises in the national capital, Beijing in 2013 had more Fortune Global 500 Company headquarters than any other city in the world. Beijing has also been described as the "billionaire capital of the world". Beijing is ranked first globally in terms of "Global City Competitiveness" in the 2020-2021 Global Urban Competitiveness Report jointly released by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) and the United Nations Programme for Human Settlements (UN-Habitat).
Beijing is rated Alpha + by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) which evaluates and ranks the relationships between world cities in the context of globalisation. Alpha level cities are linked to major economic states and regions and into the world economy, Alpha + cities are highly integrated cities, filling advanced service needs
Beijing is the #8 city in the world according to the Global Financial Centres Index (GFCI) which evaluates and ranks the competitiveness of the major financial centres of the world according to a wide range of criteria – Human Capital, Business, Finance, Infrastructure and Reputation.
Beijing is the #24 city in the world according to the Global Power City Index (GPCI) which evaluates and ranks the major cities of the world according to their magnetism, or their comprehensive power to attract people, capital, and enterprises from around the world. It does so through measuring six key functions: Economy, Research and Development, Cultural Interaction, Liveability, Environment, and Accessibility.
Beijing is ranked #17 and rated A by the Global Urban Competitiveness Report (GUCR) which evaluates and ranks world cities in the context of economic competitiveness. A cities are international cities. Beijing was ranked #567 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Beijing has a population of over 21,516,000 people. Beijing also forms part of the wider Jing-Jin-Ji metropolitan area which has a population of over 112,000,000 people. Beijing is ranked #3 for startups with a score of 66.049.
Twin Towns, Sister Cities Beijing has links with: 🇪🇹 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 🇹🇷 Ankara, Turkey; 🇬🇷 Athens, Greece; 🇹🇭 Bangkok, Thailand; 🇩🇪 Berlin, Germany; 🇧🇪 Brussels, Belgium; 🇷🇴 Bucharest, Romania; 🇭🇺 Budapest, Hungary; 🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, Argentina; 🇪🇬 Cairo, Egypt; 🇦🇺 Canberra, Australia; 🇩🇪 Cologne, Germany; 🇩🇰 Copenhagen, Denmark; 🇮🇳 Delhi, India; 🇶🇦 Doha, Qatar; 🇮🇪 Dublin, Ireland; 🇿🇦 Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa; 🇻🇳 Hanoi, Vietnam; 🇨🇺 Havana, Cuba; 🇫🇷 Paris, Île-de-France, France; 🇵🇰 Islamabad, Pakistan; 🇮🇩 Jakarta, Indonesia; 🇺🇦 Kyiv, Ukraine; 🇵🇪 Lima, Peru; 🏴 London, England; 🇵🇭 Manila, Philippines; 🇧🇾 Minsk, Belarus; 🇲🇽 Mexico City, Mexico; 🇷🇺 Moscow, Russia; 🇦🇺 Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; 🇺🇸 New York City, United States; 🇰🇿 Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan; 🇨🇦 Ottawa, Canada; 🇰🇭 Phnom Penh, Cambodia; 🇱🇻 Riga, Latvia; 🇧🇷 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 🇨🇷 San José, Costa Rica; 🇨🇱 Santiago, Chile; 🇰🇷 Seoul, South Korea; 🇮🇷 Tehran, Iran; 🇮🇱 Tel Aviv, Israel; 🇦🇱 Tirana, Albania; 🇯🇵 Tokyo, Japan; 🇲🇳 Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia; 🇱🇦 Vientiane, Laos; 🇺🇸 Washington D.C., United States; 🇳🇿 Wellington, New Zealand.