Bauru, São Paulo, Southeast Region, Brazil

History | Sport

🇧🇷 Bauru is a Brazilian municipality in midwestern region of the state of São Paulo. It is the main city of the mesoregion and microregion of Bauru. Established in 1896, its boundaries are Reginópolis to the north, Arealva to the north-east, Pederneiras to the east, Agudos and Piratininga to the south and Avaí to the west.

The presence of a strong service sector, many college campuses - including the University of São Paulo and Universidade Estadual Paulista - and the city's location at the junction of three railroads and three highways make Bauru a major urban centre of the State of São Paulo.

It is the hometown of Marcos César Pontes, the first Brazilian in space. It is also the town where Pelé grew up and learned his football skills.

The city is served by two airports: the older Comte. João Ribeiro de Barros Airport and the newer Bauru-Arealva Airport, officially known as Moussa Nakhl Tobias Airport, located in the adjoining municipality of Arealva.


History Historically, the region occupied by Bauru was a disputed territory between two Indigenous groups: the Kaingang and the Guaraní. In the eighteenth century, ethnic Brazilian pioneers attempted to settle in São Paulo region, which was a crossing point of the monções (river expeditions) that went through Mato Grosso and Goiás, but they were prevented by local natives' attacks. The non-Indians only managed to settle in the region in the nineteenth century with the coming of the population coming from São Paulo's coast as well the states of Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro. After 1850, in search of new land for occupation and colonization, pioneers from São Paulo and Minas Gerais began to explore the vast region between the Serra de Botucatu, Tietê River, Paranapanema River and Paraná River, until then inhabited by Kaingang indigenous groups.

In 1856, Felicissimo Antonio Pereira, coming from Minas Gerais, purchased land and settled, near the current centre of Bauru, the Fazenda das Flores (Farm of Flowers). Years later, in 1884, this farm (also called Campos Novos de Bauru) have spun off part of its area for the training camp of the São Sebastião de Bauru. The district has progressed, even being subject to attacks of native Kaingang and relatively isolated from the rest of the state and became district of Agudos on 1888. The arrival of migrants from eastern São Paulo and Minas Gerais led to the emancipation of the city on August 1, 1896.

The new municipality at first lived from the cultivation of coffee, despite having weaker and infertile lands than the rest of the state. In 1905, Bauru was chosen as the starting point of the Estrada de Ferro Noroeste do Brasil, which linked by rail, Bauru to Corumbá, Mato Grosso do Sul, near the border with Bolivia. During the first half of the twentieth century, Bauru becomes the main economic hub of the region comprised by west São Paulo, northern Paraná and Mato Grosso do Sul.


Sport The municipality is home to the professional association football team Esporte Clube Noroeste and Associação Bauru Basketball Team, 2014 Champion of the Liga Sudamericana de Básquetbol and 2015 Champion of the FIBA Americas League. The team plays its home games at the Ginásio Panela de Pressão. Brazilian legend Pelé grew up here.

Bauru, São Paulo, Southeast Region, Brazil 

Bauru has a population of over 379,300 people. Bauru also forms one of the centres of the wider Bauru Region which has a population of over 1,435,788 people. It is also a part of the larger São Paulo Metropolitan Region. Bauru is ranked #938 for startups with a score of 0.121.

To set up a UBI Lab for Bauru see: Twitter:

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Bauru has links with:

🇷🇴 Sibiu, Romania 🇯🇵 Tenri, Japan
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license | StartupBlink

Antipodal to Bauru is: 130.95,22.3

Locations Near: Bauru -49.05,-22.3

🇧🇷 Jaú -48.55,-22.283 d: 51.5  

🇧🇷 Ibitinga -48.817,-21.75 d: 65.7  

🇧🇷 Avaré -48.917,-23.083 d: 88.2  

🇧🇷 Botucatu -48.456,-22.891 d: 89.6  

🇧🇷 Marília -49.933,-22.2 d: 91.6  

🇧🇷 Lins -49.733,-21.667 d: 99.6  

🇧🇷 Matão -48.35,-21.6 d: 106.2  

🇧🇷 Araraquara -48.167,-21.783 d: 107.7  

🇧🇷 Ourinhos -49.858,-22.98 d: 112.3  

🇧🇷 Catanduva -48.971,-21.139 d: 129.3  

Antipodal to: Bauru 130.95,22.3

🇯🇵 Itoman 127.65,26.117 d: 19474.7  

🇯🇵 Tomigusuku 127.667,26.15 d: 19472.8  

🇯🇵 Naha 127.702,26.199 d: 19470.7  

🇯🇵 Ginowan 127.78,26.279 d: 19468.4  

🇯🇵 Urasoe 127.734,26.254 d: 19467.8  

🇯🇵 Makishi 127.667,26.2 d: 19468.5  

🇯🇵 Uruma 127.85,26.367 d: 19464.6  

🇯🇵 Okinawa City 127.793,26.343 d: 19463.4  

🇯🇵 Okinawa 127.809,26.409 d: 19458.4  

🇯🇵 Nago 127.978,26.592 d: 19451  

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