Baghdad is the capital of Iraq and the second largest city of the Arab world. Located along the Tigris river, near the ruins of the ancient Akkadian city of Babylon and the ancient Sassanid capital of Ctesiphon, Baghdad was founded in the 8th century and became the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate and the Caliphate’s most notable major development project. Within a short time, Baghdad evolved into a significant cultural, commercial, and intellectual centre of the Muslim world. This, in addition to housing several key academic institutions, including the House of Wisdom, as well as hosting a multiethnic and multi-religious environment, garnered the city a world-wide reputation as the "Centre of Learning".
Baghdad is rated Sufficiency by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) which evaluates and ranks the relationships between world cities in the context of globalisation. Sufficiency level cities are cities that have a sufficient degree of services so as not to be overly dependent on world cities.
Baghdad has a population of over 7,180,889 people. Baghdad also forms part of the wider Baghdad metropolitan area which has a population of over 8,126,755 people.
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