Alagoas, Northeast Region, Brazil


🇧🇷 Alagoas is one of the 27 federative units of Brazil and is situated in the eastern part of the Northeast Region. It borders: Pernambuco (N and NW); Sergipe (S); Bahia (SW); and the Atlantic Ocean (E). Its capital is the city of Maceió. It has 1.6% of the Brazilian population and produces only 0.8% of the Brazilian GDP. It is made up of 102 municipalities and its most populous cities are Maceió, Arapiraca, Palmeira dos Índios, Rio Largo, Penedo, União dos Palmares, São Miguel dos Campos, Santana do Ipanema, Delmiro Gouveia, Coruripe, Marechal Deodoro, and Campo Alegre.

It is the second smallest Brazilian state in area (larger only than Sergipe) and it is 16th in population. It is also one of the largest producers of sugarcane and coconuts in the country, and has an economy based on cattle raising.

Land of the sururu (or Charru Mussel), lagoon shellfish which serves as food for the coastal population, and of coconut water, Alagoas also possesses some of the country's richest folklore.

Initially, the Alagoano territory constituted the southern part of the Captaincy of Pernambuco and only gained its autonomy in 1817. Its occupation pushed the expansion of the captaincy's sugarcane farming, which required new areas of cultivation, southward. Thus arose Porto Calvo, Alagoas (now Marechal Deodoro) and Penedo, nuclei which guided the colonization, economic, and social life of the region for a long time.

The Dutch invasion in Pernambuco was extended to Alagoas in 1631. The invaders were expelled in 1645, after intense fighting in Porto Calvo, leaving the economy in ruins. The escape of African slaves during the Dutch invasion created a serious labour shortage problem on the sugarcane plantations. Grouped in villages called quilombos, the Africans were only completely dominated at the end of the 17th century with the destruction of the most important quilombo, Palmares.

During the empire, the separatist and republican Confederation of the Equator (1824) received the support of noteworthy Alagoano figures. Throughout the 1840s, political life was marked by the conflict between the lisos (lit. "straights", not the sexual orientation connotation), conservatives, and the cabeludos (lit. "hairies"), liberals.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the Alagoano hinterland lived through the pioneering experience of Delmiro Gouveia, a Pernambucano entrepreneur who installed the Estrela thread factory, which came to produce 200 spools daily. Delmiro Gouveia was killed in October 1917 in circumstances still unclarified, after being pressured, according to rumor, to sell his factory to competing foreign firms. After his death, his machines would be destroyed and thrown into Paulo Afonso Falls.

Nicknamed the Land of the Marshals (Terra dos Marechais), for being the birthplace of Deodoro da Fonseca and Floriano Peixoto, Alagoas gave the country numerous illustrious Brazilians among whom are the anthropologist Arthur Ramos, the maestro Hekel Tavares, the philologist Aurélio Buarque de Holanda, the musicians Djavan and Hermeto Pascoal the poet Jorge de Lima, the jurists Pontes de Miranda and Marcos Bernardes de Mello, besides the writers Lêdo Ivo and Graciliano Ramos.


Economy Alagoas is one of the poorest states of Brazil and its HDI is the country's worst. The service sector is the largest component of GDP at 55.8%, followed by the industrial sector at 36.9%. Agriculture represents 7.3%, of GDP (2004). Alagoas exports: sugar 58.8%, alcohol 29.4%, chemicals 9%, tobacco 2.1% (2002).

Share of the Brazilian economy: 0.7% (2004).

The economy has been agricultural, dependent largely on large sugarcane plantations with some tobacco farming that is concentrated around the city of Arapiraca. Sugar cane formed the basis for an alcohol industry that is in decline. Small to medium-sized tanker ships took alcohol on board in Maceio's port with considerable frequency during the peak period. Such loads still take place with less frequency. Another local industry is based on chemical products from brine pumped from deep wells on the outskirts of Maceió.

In the last twenty years the tourist industry has found the beaches and Maceió itself has changed from a rather sleepy little port with coconut palm plantations along its beaches to high-rise hotels. The northern coast, particularly around the towns Maragogi and Japaratinga is beginning to see some of this development in the form of resorts attracting people from the south and from Europe. There is considerable European investment (as of 2007) in beach property north of Maceió with walled compounds of beach homes.

Image: Adobe Stock jorgealberto #382650504

The Alagoas state has a population of over 3,337,357 people. For the location of Alagoas see: Maceió.

To set up a UBI Lab for Alagoas see: Twitter:

Twin Towns - Sister Cities Alagoas has links with:

🇵🇹 Viana do Castelo, Portugal
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

Antipodal to Alagoas is: 143.45,9.57

Locations Near: Alagoas -36.55,-9.57

🇧🇷 Arapiraca -36.66,-9.752 d: 23.5  

🇧🇷 Girau do Ponciano -36.817,-9.883 d: 45.5  

🇧🇷 Garanhuns -36.483,-8.883 d: 76.7  

🇧🇷 Santana do Ipanema -37.233,-9.367 d: 78.3  

🇧🇷 Penedo -36.583,-10.283 d: 79.4  

🇧🇷 Maceió -35.722,-9.673 d: 91.5  

🇧🇷 Caruaru -36.034,-8.292 d: 153  

🇧🇷 Nossa Senhora do Socorro -37.139,-10.849 d: 156.1  

🇧🇷 Itabaiana -37.417,-10.683 d: 156  

🇧🇷 Aracaju -37.052,-10.922 d: 160.1  

Antipodal to: Alagoas 143.45,9.57

🇬🇺 Hagåtña 144.746,13.467 d: 19559.4  

🇬🇺 Tamuning 144.767,13.483 d: 19556.9  

🇬🇺 Dededo 144.836,13.515 d: 19551.1  

🇲🇵 Saipan 145.753,15.189 d: 19342.1  

🇵🇼 Ngerulmud 134.627,7.487 d: 19017.7  

🇮🇩 Jayapura 140.72,-2.529 d: 18636.2  

🇮🇩 Manokwari 134.083,-0.867 d: 18458.7  

🇫🇲 Palikir 158.15,6.917 d: 18371  

🇫🇲 Kolonia 158.212,6.952 d: 18365  

🇵🇬 Mount Hagen 144.22,-5.865 d: 18296.7  

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