Turku, Southwest Finland Region, Finland

🇫🇮 Turku is a city and former capital on the south-west coast of Finland at the mouth of the Aura River, in the region of Finland Proper (Varsinais-Suomi) and the former Turku and Pori Province (Turun ja Porin lääni; 1634–1997). The region was originally called Suomi (Finland), which later became the name for the whole country. The population of Turku is the sixth largest city in Finland after Helsinki, Espoo, Tampere, Vantaa and Oulu. The Turku sub-region is the third largest urban area in Finland after the Greater Helsinki area and Tampere sub-region. The city is officially bilingual as 5.2 percent of its population identify Swedish as a mother-tongue.

It is unknown when Turku gained city rights. The Pope Gregory IX first mentioned the town Aboa in his Bulla in 1229 and the year is now used as the foundation year of Turku. Turku is the oldest city in Finland, and served as the most important city of the eastern part of the Kingdom of Sweden (modern-day Finland). After the Finnish war, Finland became an autonomous grand duchy of the Russian Empire in 1809, and Turku was made the capital of the grand duchy. However, Turku lost its status as capital only after three years in 1812, when Tsar Alexander I of Russia decided to move the capital to Helsinki. It was only after the last great fire in 1827 that most governmental institutions were moved to Helsinki along with the Royal Academy of Turku (Turun Akatemia) founded in 1640, which then became the University of Helsinki, thus consolidating Helsinki's position as the new capital. Turku continued to be the most populous city in Finland until the end of the 1840s, and it remains the regional capital and an important business and cultural centre and port.

Because of its long history, it has been the site of many important events, and has extensively influenced Finnish history as the former capital city. Along with Tallinn, the capital city of Estonia, Turku was designated the European Capital of Culture for 2011. In 1996, it was declared the "Christmas City" of Finland. Also, Turku has been officially declared the Food Capital of Finland, because it holds a number of Finland's oldest, highest quality restaurants alongside a historically famous fish market, held twice a year. Turku's canteen and café culture has often been compared to French food culture, which is why Turku has also been perceived as "Paris of Finland"; this is also the reason for the Swedish saying: "Varför Paris, vi har ju Åbo!" ("Why Paris, we have Turku!").

Due to its location, Turku is a notable commercial and passenger seaport with over three million passengers travelling through the Port of Turku each year to Stockholm and Mariehamn.

Turku, Southwest Finland Region, Finland 
<b>Turku, Southwest Finland Region, Finland</b>
Image: Adobe Stock Arthur #223987907

Turku was ranked #770 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Turku has a population of over 254,671 people. Turku also forms the centre of the wider Turku region which has a population of over 330,192 people. Turku is the #61 hipster city in the world, with a hipster score of 5.1951 according to the Hipster Index which evaluates and ranks the major cities of the world according to the number of vegan eateries, coffee shops, tattoo studios, vintage boutiques, and record stores. Turku is ranked #380 for startups with a score of 0.596.

To set up a UBI Lab for Turku see: https://www.ubilabnetwork.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/UBILabNetwork

Twin Towns - Sister Cities Turku has links with:

🇭🇺 Szeged, Hungary 🇷🇺 Saint Petersburg, Russia 🇳🇴 Bergen, Norway 🇩🇰 Aarhus, Denmark 🇸🇪 Gothenburg, Sweden 🇩🇪 Cologne, Germany 🇵🇱 Gdańsk, Poland 🇮🇹 Florence, Italy
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license | Hipster Index | Nomad | StartupBlink

Option 1