🇷🇺 Moscow is the capital and largest city of Russia. The city stands on the Moskva River in Central Russia. Moscow is among the world's largest cities, being the largest city entirely in Europe, the largest urban area in Europe, the largest metropolitan area in Europe, and the largest city by land area on the European continent.
First documented in 1147, Moscow grew to become a prosperous and powerful city that served as the capital of the Grand Duchy of Moscow. As the northernmost and coldest megacity in the world, and with a history that dates over eight centuries, Moscow is governed as a federal city that serves as the political, economic, cultural, and scientific centre of Russia and Eastern Europe. Moscow has one of the world's largest urban economies. The city is one of the fastest growing tourist destinations in the world, and is one of Europe's most visited cities. The Moscow International Business Center is one of the largest financial centres in Europe and the world, and features some of Europe's tallest skyscrapers. Muscovites enjoy public digital services more than anywhere else in Europe, and the best e-government services in the world. Moscow was the host city of the 1980 Summer Olympics, and one of the host cities of the 2018 FIFA World Cup.
As the historic core of Russia, Moscow serves as the home of numerous Russian artists, scientists, and sports figures due to the presence of its various museums, academic and political institutions and theatres. The city is home to several UNESCO World Heritage Sites, and is well known for its display of Russian architecture, particularly its historic Red Square, and buildings such as the Saint Basil's Cathedral and the Moscow Kremlin, of which the latter serves as the seat of power of the Government of Russia. Moscow is home to many Russian companies in numerous industries, and is served by a comprehensive transit network, which includes four international airports, nine railway terminals, a tram system, a monorail system, and most notably the Moscow Metro, the busiest metro system in Europe, and one of the largest rapid transit systems in the world. The city has over 40 percent of its territory covered by greenery, making it one of the greenest cities in Europe and the world.
Moscow has one of the largest municipal economies in Europe and it accounts more than one-fifth of Russia's gross domestic product (GDP). Moscow is home to the third-highest number of billionaires of any city in the world, and has the highest number of billionaires of any city in Europe. It is the financial centre of Russia and home to the country's largest banks and many of its largest companies, such as oil giant Rosneft. Moscow accounts for 17% of retail sales in Russia and for 13% of all construction activity in the country.
Industry Primary industries in Moscow include the chemical, metallurgy, food, textile, furniture, energy production, software development and machinery industries. The Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant is one of the leading producers of military and civil helicopters in the world. Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center produces various space equipment, including modules for space stations Mir, Salyut and the ISS as well as Proton launch vehicles and military ICBMs. Sukhoi, Ilyushin, Mikoyan, Tupolev and Yakovlev aircraft design bureaus also situated in Moscow. NPO Energomash, producing the rocket engines for Russian and American space programs, as well as Lavochkin design bureau, which built fighter planes during WWII, but switched to space probes since the Space Race, are in nearby Khimki, an independent city in Moscow Oblast that have largely been enclosed by Moscow from its sides. Automobile plants ZiL and AZLK, as well as the Voitovich Rail Vehicle plant, are situated in Moscow and Metrovagonmash metro wagon plant is located just outside the city limits. The Poljot Moscow watch factory produces military, professional and sport watches well known in Russia and abroad. Yuri Gagarin in his trip into space used "Shturmanskie" produced by this factory.
The Electrozavod factory was the first transformer factory in Russia. The Kristall distillery is the oldest distillery in Russia producing vodka types, including "Stolichnaya" while wines are produced at Moscow wine plants, including the Moscow Interrepublican Vinery. The Moscow Jewelry Factory and the Jewellerprom are producers of jewellery in Russia; Jewellerprom used to produce the exclusive Order of Victory, awarded to those aiding the Soviet Union's Red Army during World War II.
There are other industries located just outside the city of Moscow, as well as microelectronic industries in Zelenograd, including Ruselectronics companies.
Gazprom, the largest extractor of natural gas in the world and the largest Russian company, has head offices also in Moscow, as well as other oil, gas, and electricity companies.
Moscow hosts headquarters of the many of telecommunication and technology companies, including 1C, ABBYY, Beeline, Kaspersky Lab, Mail.Ru Group, MegaFon, MTS, Rambler&Co, Rostelecom, Yandex, and Yota.
Some industry is being transferred out of the city to improve the ecological state of the city.
Moscow is rated Alpha by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) which evaluates and ranks the relationships between world cities in the context of globalisation. Alpha level cities are linked to major economic states and regions and into the world economy.
Moscow is the #32 city in the world according to the Global Power City Index (GPCI) which evaluates and ranks the major cities of the world according to their magnetism, or their comprehensive power to attract people, capital, and enterprises from around the world. It does so through measuring six key functions: Economy, Research and Development, Cultural Interaction, Liveability, Environment, and Accessibility.
Moscow is the #62 city in the world according to the Global Financial Centres Index (GFCI) which evaluates and ranks the competitiveness of the major financial centres of the world according to a wide range of criteria – Human Capital, Business, Finance, Infrastructure and Reputation.
Moscow is ranked #62 and rated B by the Global Urban Competitiveness Report (GUCR) which evaluates and ranks world cities in the context of economic competitiveness. B cities are international hub cities. Moscow was ranked #40 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Moscow has a population of over 12,615,279 people. Moscow also forms part of the wider Moscow metropolitan area which has a population of over 17,300,000 people.
Twin Towns – Sister Cities Moscow is twinned with: 🇰🇿 Almaty, Kazakhstan; 🇹🇷 Ankara, Turkey; 🇦🇿 Baku, Azerbaijan; 🇹🇭 Bangkok, Thailand; 🇨🇳 Beijing, China; 🇩🇪 Berlin, Germany; 🇨🇿 Brno, Czech Republic; 🇷🇴 Bucharest, Romania; 🇦🇷 Buenos Aires, Argentina; 🇺🇸 Chicago, United States; 🇵🇪 Cusco, Peru; 🇦🇪 Dubai, United Arab Emirates; 🇩🇪 Düsseldorf, Germany; 🇦🇿 Ganja, Azerbaijan; 🇻🇳 Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam; 🇮🇩 Jakarta, Indonesia; 🇺🇦 Kharkiv, Ukraine; 🇸🇮 Ljubljana, Slovenia; 🇬🇧 London, United Kingdom; 🇵🇭 Manila, Philippines; 🇮🇳 New Delhi, India; 🇰🇿 Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan; 🇨🇿 Prague, Czech Republic; 🇰🇵 Pyongyang, North Korea; 🇮🇷 Rasht, Iran; 🇮🇸 Reykjavík, Iceland; 🇱🇻 Riga, Latvia; 🇰🇷 Seoul, South Korea; 🇪🇪 Tallinn, Estonia; 🇺🇿 Tashkent, Uzbekistan; 🇮🇷 Tehran, Iran; 🇯🇵 Tokyo, Japan; 🇲🇳 Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia; 🇱🇹 Vilnius, Lithuania; 🇵🇱 Warsaw, Poland.;