Jeddah, also spelled Jedda, Jiddah or Jidda, is a city in the Hejaz region of Saudi Arabia and the country's commercial centre. Jeddah is the largest city in Makkah Province, the largest city in Hejaz, the second-largest city in Saudi Arabia. Jeddah Islamic Port, located on the Red Sea, is the second-largest and second-busiest seaport in the Middle East.
Jedda is rated Beta − by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) which evaluates and ranks the relationships between world cities in the context of globalisation. Beta level cities are cities that link moderate economic regions to the world economy.
Jedda is ranked #118 by the Global Urban Competitiveness Report (GUCR) which evaluates and ranks world cities in the context of economic competitiveness. Jedda has a population of over 3,456,259 people. Jedda also forms part of the wider Jeddah metropolitan area which has a population of over 4,697,000 people.